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  1. GI Zoonoses in Companion Pets of the Homeless : the Effects of Environment and Behavior on the Prevalence of GI Parasites, and the Role of Veterinarians in Public Health Education

    Contributor(s):: Matthew Edwards, Luis Ruedas (adviser)

    Veterinarians are the front-line in the world of pet-health and zoonoses which means they are also at the front-line of human health and have an important role of educating clients on behaviors that would both reduce the risk of human and pet contracting a disease. In this study we collected 85...

  2. Dogs and People in Aboriginal Communities: Exploring the Relationship within the Context of the Social Determinants of Health

    Contributor(s):: Kate Senior, Richard Chenhall, Eva McRae-Williams, Daphne Daniels, Keith Rogers

    Aboriginal people and dogs have a very long association. The archaeological evidence suggests that the dingo, which was intentionally brought to Australia, was present from about 3500 years ago. Dogs introduced by European settlers quickly replaced or interbred with dingoes at Aboriginal...

  3. Obesity and Associated Comorbidities in People and Companion Animals: A One Health Perspective

    Contributor(s):: M. Chandler, S. Cunningham, E. M. Lund, C. Khanna, R. Naramore, A. Patel, M. J. Day

    This article reviews the biology, prevalence and risks for obesity in people and companion dogs and cats, and explores the links between obesity and diabetes mellitus and cancer across these species. Obesity is a major healthcare problem in both human and veterinary medicine and there is an...

  4. Therapy Dogs as a Preventive Measure for Rabies Exposure and Mental Health Issues in Deployed Troops

    Contributor(s):: Jacob Monroe Davenport

    I have been fortunate to gain an invaluable experience while completing my Masters of Public Health at the Fort Riley Military base. Under the direction of Dr. Paul Benne and many of his support staff I have learned many aspects and functionality of the day-to-day operations of a public health...

  5. Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell

    Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...

  6. Population dynamics and management of free-roaming cats

    Contributor(s):: Paige McGee Hill

    With an estimated 400 million domestic cats worldwide, free-roaming cats issues are of global importance due to animal welfare and public health concerns, as well as impacts on native wildlife through predation, competition and disease transmission. Though these impacts have been well documented,...

  7. The Public Health Risks of Three Potentially Zoonotic Viruses in Pigs and Pork in Canada

    Contributor(s):: Barbara Wilhelm

    The research described in this thesis aims to describe the potential public health risks posed by three emerging and potentially zoonotic viruses (hepatitis E virus (HEV), Norovirus (NoV), and rotavirus (RV) in pigs and pork in Canada. This was investigated via a scoping review, surveys of...

  8. Applying One Health to the study of animal-assisted interventions

    Contributor(s):: Chalmers, D., Dell, C. A.

    The use of animal-assisted interventions in therapeutic programs is a growing phenomenon. Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) involve a variety of species (dogs, cats, horses, domesticated birds, etc.) in primary health care. Despite their increasing application in a wide range of therapeutic...

  9. Newspaper portrayals, local policies, and dog-supportive public space: who's wagging whom?

    Contributor(s):: Toohey, A. M., Rock, M. J.

    Dog-walking promotes physical activity and positive social interactions, and thus dog-walking has implications for people's physical and mental health. As a result, experts in public health have endorsed designing and managing public space to support dog-walking. Nevertheless, the presence of...

  10. Consumption of domestic cat in Madagascar: frequency, purpose, and health implications

    Contributor(s):: Czaja, R., Wills, A., Hanitriniaina, S., Reuter, K. E., Sewall, B. J.

    The domestic cat Felis catus has a long history of interaction with humans, and is found throughout the world as a household pet and a feral animal. Despite people's often sentimental association with cats, cat meat is sometimes consumed by them; this practice can have important implications for...

  11. An observational study measuring hand washing behavior in petting zoo attendees

    Contributor(s):: Amy A. Hille

    Each year in the US an estimated 6 million people visit petting zoos, and the number is increasing. Outbreaks in humans associated with animal pathogens are being increasingly reported. There are many published recommendations for design and maintenance for these facilities. Hand...

  12. Common Diseases of Cats

    Contributor(s):: M.K. Jarvis

    In metropolitan areas the cat is taking on new popularity as a pet. Small size and ability to adapt well to apartment living are possible explanations for this new-found favor, and cats do provide a considerable amount of amusement and pleasure for their owners.

  13. Some Diseases of Dogs and Cats Transmissible to Man

    Contributor(s):: Paul F. Starch

    In the field of public health the veterinarian plays an important role in the prevention of the spread of diseases from animals to man. Not only for his own protection but for protection of his clients and the livestock of his clients, the veterinarian should be familiar with the diseases of the...

  14. Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications

    Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.

    Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...

  15. Public health and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Molento, C. F. M., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.

    What are the links among the concepts of global public health, human health and animal welfare? The objective of this chapter is to discuss the relationship between public health and animal welfare issues, from the historical perspective of rabies control to the more recent challenges brought by...

  16. Zoonoses, public health, and the backyard poultry flock

    Contributor(s):: Grunkemeyer, V. L.

  17. Noncompliance with Public Health Service (PHS) policy on humane care and use of laboratory animals: an exploratory analysis

    Contributor(s):: Gomez, L. M., Conlee, K. M., Stephens, M. L.

    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a major biomedical research-funding body in the United States. Approximately 40% of NIH-funded research involves experimentation on nonhuman animals (Monastersky, 200811. Monastersky, R. 2008, April 18. Protesters fail to slow animal research. The...

  18. Portrayals of canine obesity in English-language newspapers and in leading veterinary journals, 2000-2009: implications for animal welfare organizations and veterinarians as public educators

    Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Teows, L.

    In industrialized societies, more than 1 in 3 dogs and people currently qualify as overweight or obese. Experts in public health expect both these figures to rise. Although clinical treatment remains important, so are public perceptions and social norms. This article presents a thematic analysis...

  19. Operant conditioning of urination by calves

    Contributor(s):: Vaughan, A., Passille, A. M. de, Stookey, J., Rushen, J.

    The accumulation of faeces and urine in dairy barns is a cause of cattle and human health concerns and environmental problems. It is usually assumed that cattle are not capable of controlling defecation and urination. We tested whether calves could be taught to urinate in a location using either...

  20. Use of the health belief model to explain perceptions of zoonotic disease risk by animal owners

    Contributor(s):: Karen L. Wheeler

    The rise in the number of public health risks from zoonotic disease in just the past two decades has underscored both the importance of educating the public about risky health behaviors and preventive measures, and the need to communicate these topics in clear, concise and accessible language...