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Tags: Public opinion + Social psychology and social anthropology

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  1. Attitudes towards catch-and-release recreational angling, angling practices and perceptions of pain and welfare in fish in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Muir, R., Keown, A. J., Adams, N. J., Farnworth, M. J.

    Although there is still some debate regarding whether fish have the capacity to feel pain, recent scientific research seems to support the notion that fish can indeed suffer. However, the continued scientific discourse has led to questions regarding how members of the public perceive issues of...

  2. Assumptions of the deficit model type of thinking: ignorance, attitudes, and science communication in the debate on genetic engineering in agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Ahteensuu, M.

  3. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  4. Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM

    Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.

    This paper furthers the understanding of the view that genetic modification (GM) is unnatural, and of the critical response to this view. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored...

  5. Citizens' views on farm animal welfare and related information provision: exploratory insights from Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Poucke, E. van, Tuyttens, F., Verbeke, W.

    The results of two independent empirical studies with Flemish citizens were combined to address the problem of a short fall of information provision about higher welfare products. The research objectives were (1) to improve our understanding of how citizens conceptualize farm animal welfare, (2)...

  6. Conflict over risks in food production: a challenge for democracy

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    When it comes to conflict over risk management priorities in food production, a number of observers, including myself, have called for some sort of public deliberation as a means of resolving the moral disagreements underlying such conflicts. This paper asks how, precisely, such deliberation...

  7. Democracy at its best? The consensus conference in a cross-national perspective. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, A. P., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.

    Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory...

  8. Environmental ethics beyond principle? The case for a pragmatic contextualism

    Contributor(s):: Minteer, B. A., Corley, E. A., Manning, R. E.

    Many non-anthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a "principle-ist" approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one...

  9. Ethical tools to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Beekman, V., Brom, F. W. A.

    This special issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics presents so-called ethical tools that are developed to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. This paper clarifies the intended connotations of the term 'ethical...

  10. Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms

    Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.

    In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...

  11. Social acceptance of dairy farming: the ambivalence between the two faces of modernity

    Contributor(s):: Boogaard, B. K., Bock, B. B., Oosting, S. J., Wiskerke, J. S. C., Zijpp, A. J. van D.

    Society's relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of...

  12. Special Issue: Ethical tools. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

    Contributor(s):: Beekman, V., Brom, F. W. A.

    This special issue contains eight papers on 'ethical tools' that are developed to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. These tools have been developed in an EU funded research project coordinated by the Agricultural Economics Research...

  13. The "revolving door" between regulatory agencies and industry: a problem that requires reconceptualizing objectivity

    Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z., Kuzma, J.

    There is a "revolving door" between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good....

  14. The concept of farm animal welfare: citizen perceptions and stakeholder opinion in Flanders, Belgium

    Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Verbeke, W., Poucke, E. van, Pieniak, Z., Nijs, G., Tuyttens, F.

    Several attempts to conceptualize farm animal welfare have been criticized for diverging reasons, among them often the failure to incorporate the public concern and opinion. This paper's objective is to develop a conception of farm animal welfare that starts from the public's perception and...

  15. The moral difference between intragenic and transgenic modification of plants

    Contributor(s):: Myskja, B. K.

    Public policy on the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has mainly been concerned with defining proper strategies of risk management. However, surveys and focus group interviews show that although lay people are concerned with risks, they also emphasize that genetic...

  16. Trust, food, and health. questions of trust at the interface between food and health. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)

    Contributor(s):: Meijboom, F. L. B.

    The food sector and health sector become more and more intertwined. This raises many possibilities, but also questions. One of them is the question of what the implication is for public trust in food and health issues. In this article, I argue that the products on the interface between food and...

  17. Understanding the scope of farmer perceptions of risk: considering farmer opinions on the use of genetically modified (GM) crops as a stakeholder voice in policy

    Contributor(s):: Guehlstorf, N. P.

    This study explores the relationship of farmer attitudes and GM agriculture. A survey was conducted on 200 farmer adopters and non-adopters of GM crops within the counties of Madison, Macoupin, Jersey and Feyette in Illinois, USA on the perception of risk in relation to GM food production and...

  18. Whom to trust? Public concerns, late modern risks, and expert trustworthiness

    Contributor(s):: Munnichs, G.

    This article discusses the conditions under which the use of expert knowledge may provide an adequate response to public concerns about high-tech, late modern risks. Scientific risk estimation has more than once led to expert controversies. When these controversies occur, the public at large (as...

  19. A survey of public opinion on the actual condition and the requirement for animal assisted relaxation activity: the significance of future Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT)

    Contributor(s):: Narita, T., Kiyama, M., Kawakami, T., Choi, HyoungRak, Hayasaki, M.

    Questionnaires were sent out to 84 veterinary clinics and 792 public homes and services for the aged and/or the handicapped and day care centres for the elderly in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan [date not given], to determine the public opinion on animal-assisted activity and therapy. The responses...

  20. BSE in the UK: why the risk communication strategy failed. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    The 2000 BSE Inquiry report points out that the most serious failure of the UK Government was one of risk communication. This paper argues that the government's failure to communicate the risks BSE posed to humans to a large degree can be traced back to a lack of transparency in the first risk...