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  1. Evaluating the Efficacy of Knowledge-Transfer Interventions on Animal Health Knowledge of Rural Working Equid Owners in Central Ethiopia: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew P. Stringer, Rob M. Christley, Catriona E. Bell, Feseha Gebreab, Gebre Tefera, Karen Reed, Andrew Trawford, Gina L. Pinchbeck

    The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of several knowledge-transfer interventions about donkey health, utilizing a cluster-randomized controlled trial (c-RCT), on the long-term knowledge change (∼6 months post intervention) of Ethiopian rural working equid owners....

  2. Randomized Controlled Theory-Based, E-Mail-Mediated Walking Intervention: Differences Between Dog Owners and Non-Dog Owners

    | Contributor(s):: Libby Richards, Niwako Ogata, Ching-Wei Cheng

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of two concurrent randomized controlled interventions based on social cognitive theory to increase walking. A second purpose was to compare the efficacy of the intervention between two distinct groups: dog owners and non-dog owners. Adult dog...

  3. Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials, Kamioka et al, Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2014) 22:371-390

    Summary:   The objectives of this review were to summarize the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of animal-assisted therapy (AAT). Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included one treatment group in which AAT was applied. We searched the...

  4. Randomized trial examines effects of equine facilitated learning on adolescents' basal cortisol levels

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Annelise N. Smith, Stephanie M. Roeter

    Although equine facilitated programs have gained in popularity over the last decade, virtually nothing is known about the causal effects of equine facilitated interventions on human development and well-being. Researchers conducted a randomized trial to determine the effects of an 11-week...

  5. Children, parents, and pets exercising together (CPET) randomised controlled trial: study rationale, design, and methods

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yam, P. S., Morrison, R., Penpraze, V., Westgarth, C., Ward, D. S., Mutrie, N., Hutchison, P., Young, D., Reilly, J. J.

  6. Animal-assisted therapy with farm animals for persons with psychiatric disorders: effects on self-efficacy, coping ability and quality of life, a randomized controlled trial

    | Contributor(s):: Berget, B., Ekeberg, O., Braastad, B. O.

    Background: The benefits of Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) for humans with mental disorders have been well-documented using cats and dogs, but there is a complete lack of controlled studies using farm animals as therapeutic agents for psychiatric patients. The study was developed in the context of...

  7. Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial

    | Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.

    The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...

  8. Effects of two stall flooring systems on the behaviour of tied dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J.

    Effects on dairy cow behaviour of a new type of flooring in tie-stalls, with the ability to drain faeces and urine, was studied in a controlled randomized trial in one Swedish university herd. Forty-two Swedish Red and White cows were kept tied in traditional long-stalls (2.20 m). In 21 stalls...

  9. Measuring change in the behavioural severity of canine compulsive disorder: the construct validity of categories of change derived from two rating scales

    | Contributor(s):: Hewson, C. J., Luescher, U. A., Ball, R. O.

    Two rating scales were developed to measure the outcome of a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, AB-BA crossover clinical trial of clomipramine in 51 dogs with compulsive disorder (CD). Both rating scales measured behavioural severity. One was a 5-point Likert scale; the other was...

  10. An illustration that statistical design mitigates environmental variation and ensures unambiguous study conclusions

    | Contributor(s):: Gore, K. H., Stanley, P. J.

    This paper highlights the essential need for appropriate statistical design and randomisation in laboratory animal studies. Using an example of a 21 day weight gain study in mice, we show that without the use of an appropriate statistical design and randomisation, incorrect conclusions may have...

  11. Meta-analysis - a systematic and quantitative review of animal experiments to maximise the information derived

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Meta-analysis provides a tool to statistically aggregate data from existing randomised controlled animal experiments. The results can then be summarised across a range of conditions and an increased pool of experimental data can be subjected to statistical analysis. New information can be...