The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Noncompliance with Public Health Service (PHS) policy on humane care and use of laboratory animals: an exploratory analysis
Contributor(s):: Gomez, L. M., Conlee, K. M., Stephens, M. L.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a major biomedical research-funding body in the United States. Approximately 40% of NIH-funded research involves experimentation on nonhuman animals (Monastersky, 200811. Monastersky, R. 2008, April 18. Protesters fail to slow animal research. The...
Animal welfare considerations in primate rehabilitation: an assessment of three vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) releases in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa
Contributor(s):: Guy, A. J., Stone, O. M. L., Curnoe, D.
Comparing the relative benefits of grooming-contact and full-contact pairing for laboratory-housed adult female Macaca fascicularis. (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Lee, G. H., Thom, J. P., Chu, K. L., Crockett, C. M.
Identifying reasons for stun failures in slaughterhouses for cattle and pigs: a field study
Contributor(s):: Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Eser, E.
Implementing positive reinforcement animal training programs at primate laboratories. (Special Issue: The welfare of laboratory primates.)
Contributor(s):: Perlman, J. E., Bloomsmith, M. A., Whittaker, M. A., McMillan, J. L., Minier, D. E., McCowan, B.
The welfare of an unwanted guest in an urban environment: the case of the white-eared opossum (Didelphis albiventris)
Contributor(s):: Souza, C. S. A., Teixeira, C. P., Young, R. J.
The welfare of low-volume farm animals during transport and at slaughter: a review of current knowledge and recommendations for future research
Contributor(s):: Bornett-Gauci, H. L. I., Martin, J. E., Arney, D. R.
Uptake and effectiveness of interventions to reduce claw lesions in 40 dairy herds in the UK
Contributor(s):: Barker, Z. E., Wright, J. L., Blowey, R. W., Amory, J. R., Green, L. E.
Sustainable development and Norwegian genetic engineering regulations: applications, impacts, and challenges
Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.
The main purpose of The Norwegian Gene Technology Act (1993) is to enforce containment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and control of GMO releases. Furthermore, the Act intends to ensure that "production and use of GMOs should take place in an ethically and socially justifiable way, in...
European approaches to ensure good animal welfare. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)
Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Butterworth, A., Bock, B., Roe, E.
Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The...
Farm animal welfare in the U.S.A.: farming practices, research, education, regulation, and assurance programs. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)
Contributor(s):: Mench, J. A.
What impact has the Brambell Report, and the growth of the field of applied ethology, had on the United States of America? There has been increasing public awareness of farm animal welfare issues and a concomitant increase in animal welfare research and teaching activities. This has occurred more...
A pilot investigation of possible positive system descriptors in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.
In this study, pig producers were identified whose practices exceeded the basic legal requirements and government recommendations for pig welfare. This novel approach was part of a larger project investigating the feasibility and benefits of the inclusion of some animalbased welfare outcome...
A survey of wildlife rehabilitation in South Africa: is there a need for improved management?
Contributor(s):: Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T., Boyes, R. S.
The focus of wildlife rehabilitation is the survival of the individual animal, often leading to rehabilitators being in conflict with government wildlife officials, who regulate the industry and whose focus is on the security of entire wildlife communities. In South Africa, wildlife...
Comparison of indoor and captive, free-roaming management in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ) at Zurich Zoo
Contributor(s):: Steinmetz, H. W., Zingg, R., Ossent, P., Eulenberger, U., Clauss, M., Hatt, J. M.
Traditional husbandry practices for the public display of Callitrichidae involve strict separation of animals and public. An important consideration for the evaluation of such management is the occurrence of health problems and potential zoonotic risks. This study compared animal data and...
Factors that can be used to predict release rates for wildlife casualties
Contributor(s):: Molony, S. E., Baker, P. J., Garland, L., Cuthill, I. C., Harris, S.
Of the wildlife casualties admitted to rehabilitation centres in England, less than half are subsequently released back into the wild. If the factors associated with survival within rehabilitation centres can be determined, they may be used to focus efforts on individuals with high chances of...
Guidelines development and scientific uncertainty: use of previous case studies to promote efficient production of guidelines on the care and use of fish in research, teaching and testing
Contributor(s):: Griffin, G., Gauthier, C.
The Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) develops guidelines on issues of current and emerging concern in response to the needs of the scientific community, advances in animal care, and the needs of the CCAC Assessment Programme. Guidelines are developed by subcommittees of experts, and are...
Laboratory animal, pet animal, farm animal, wild animal: which gets the best deal?
Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Honess, P.
A veterinary surgeon wishing to practice in the UK promises, on admission to the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, that their "constant endeavour will be to ensure the welfare of the animals committed to [their] care" (RCVS 2006 Guide to Professional Conduct). Yet a constant dilemma is that...
Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results
Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.
Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...
Training laboratory-housed non-human primates, part 1: a UK survey
Contributor(s):: Prescott, M. J., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.
Training using positive reinforcement is increasingly recognised as a valuable tool for the humane and effective management and use of laboratory-housed non-human primates. We utilised a mixed-mode questionnaire to survey use of training and other learning processes (socialisation, habituation...
Traps for killing stoats ( Mustela erminea ): improving welfare performance
Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Poutu, N., Peters, D., Waddington, P.
Fenn traps are widely used in New Zealand for control of small predators. Introduced stoats (Mustela erminea) pose a significant risk to many indigenous New Zealand bird species, and the Department of Conservation (DOC) has used Fenn traps to reduce their numbers over the last 20-30 years....