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  1. Reproduction and monogamy in captive flock of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus Roseus)

    Contributor(s):: Sandri, Camillo, Sammarini, Carolina, Regaiolli, Barbara, Spiezio, Caterina, Piccirillo, Alessandra

    Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater...

  2. Impacts of natural history and exhibit factors on carnivore welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Ivy, Jamie A., Vicino, Greg A., Schork, Ivana G.

    To improve the welfare of nonhuman animals under professional care, zoological institutions are continuously utilizing new methods to identify factors that lead to optimal welfare. Comparative methods have historically been used in the field of evolutionary biology but are increasingly being...

  3. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.

  4. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  5. A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...

  6. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  7. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  8. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  9. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  10. Achieving a Concensus on Dog Control Strategies: A Brief Primer

    Contributor(s):: D.B. Wilkins

    The welfare arguments surrounding dog ownership may not stimulate the same passionate fervor as those relating to the use of animals in experiments, factory farming, or the hunting of live animals with hounds, but nevertheless, they are matters of real concern to most welfare organizations. The...

  11. Pet Population Control

    Contributor(s):: Tonya Higgins, Mauricio Pineda

    Conservative estimates indicate that there are between 65 and 110 million cats and dogs in the U.S. today and that about 200,000,000 are born annually (2,000-10,000 per hour). To provide a home for every dog and cat, each household would need to own 30 pets. This overpopulation of companion...

  12. A Report on Animal Overpopulation: Breeding Surplus Dogs and Cats Causes Suffering

    Contributor(s):: The Humane Society Of The United States

    Overbreeding has created a surplus of nearly 50 million dogs and cats. These animals are unwanted and homeless. Some of them--the lucky ones--will get a quick, merciful death at humane society shelters. Most, however, haven't even the hope of being reached and protected from suffering in the...

  13. HSUS Uncovers Cruel Puppy Mills

    Contributor(s):: The Humane Society Of The United States

    It is estimated that puppy mills grind out more than half a million puppies every year to be sold almost exclusively in pet stores. But it is not only puppies--who, after all, escape the squalor and crowding after six or seven weeks that suffer. Of equal concern is the fate of the puppy mill...

  14. Special Report on Controlling America's Pet Population

    Contributor(s):: The Humane Society Of The United States

    HSUS estimates that public and private animal control programs cost the nation as much as $500 million a year. Much of this expense is required for the feeding and care of unwanted animals during the 5 to 10 days they are held for adoption, killing the 80% that are not adopted or redeemed, and...

  15. Solving the Pet Overpopulation Problem

    Contributor(s):: The Humane Society Of The United States

    Because of the short pregnancies and large litters of dogs and cats, one individual female with all her female offspring reproducing similarly can be the source of over 4,000 new lives within seven years. Some of these animals will find homes complete with laps to sit on and fireplaces to enjoy,...

  16. Robbing PETA to Spay Paul: Do Animal Rights Include Reproductive Rights?

    Contributor(s):: David Boonin

    Let me begin with a confession. My papers are often praised more for their titles than for their contents. At a job interview a few years ago, I was told that if I didn’t have a future in philosophy (hardly the words one wants to hear during a job interview), the quality of my titles...

  17. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  18. Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study

    Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.

    Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...

  19. Relationships between pig welfare, productivity and farmer disposition

    Contributor(s):: Jaaskelainen, T., Kauppinen, T., Vesala, K. M., Valros, A.

    The aim of this study was, firstly, to investigate the connection between on-farm assessed welfare scores and production parameters for sows, and secondly, to examine how farmers perceive the connection between their disposition, animal welfare and productivity. We assessed environmental and...

  20. Impact of zoo visitors on the fecal cortisol levels and behavior of an endangered species: Indian blackbuck ( Antelope cervicapra L.)

    Contributor(s):: Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan, Mahadevan, Sekar

    This study investigated behavioral activities (resting, moving, aggressive, social, and reproductive behavior) and fecal cortisol levels in 8 individually identified adult male blackbucks during periods of varying levels of zoo visitors (zero, low, high, and extremely high zoo visitor density)....