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All Categories (1-20 of 29)

  1. Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.

    Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...

  2. Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.

    Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...

  3. A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.

    Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...

  4. Salmonella in pets: the risk to children

    Contributor(s):: Finlay, F., Furnell, C., Ridley, P.

  5. Animal instincts

    Contributor(s):: Allen, Daniel

  6. Are you treating all creatures great and small?

    Contributor(s):: Cope, I.

    The exotic pet turning up in the waiting room of the local practice is a growing trend. Their owners expect veterinarians to be able to see and triage most species, but is this a fair expectation? Should vets be able to see and treat all creatures great and small or are those days of James...

  7. The Cayman Turtle Farm: why we can't have our green turtle and eat it too

    Contributor(s):: D'Cruze, N., Alcock, R., Donnelly, M.

    The Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF) is the only facility in the world that commercially produces green sea turtles ( Chelonia mydas) for human consumption. The CTF has operated at a significant financial loss for much of its 45 years history and is maintained by substantial Cayman Island Government...

  8. Less common house pets

    Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on the major health threats associated with exposure of humans to less common house pets. The viral, bacterial, parasitic and mycotic zoonoses transmitted by pet rabbits, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquarium fish, ferrets, bats and nonhuman primates are...

  9. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  10. The veterinarian's role in preventing and controlling disease in exotic animals in assisted-care facilities

    Contributor(s):: Hess, L.

  11. Computer-aided pattern recognition of large reptiles as a noninvasive application to identify individuals

    Contributor(s):: Moro, D., MacAulay, I.

    For large species, the capture and handling of individuals in capture-mark-recapture studies introduces nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with handling, physical marking, and possible wounding due to tag loss. The use of photographic identification for these species offers an alternative...

  12. Enriching tortoises: assessing color preference

    Contributor(s):: Passos, L. F., Mello, H. E. S., Young, R. J.

    Environmental enrichment is a principle that is used to enhance the quality of care for nonhuman animals in captivity. To achieve this, it is necessary to understand the animal's needs. This study focused on color preference to provide food stimuli as a source of environmental enrichment for the...

  13. Environmental enrichment alters the behavioral profile of ratsnakes ( Elaphe )

    Contributor(s):: Almli, L. M., Burghardt, G. M.

    This study investigated the effects of environmentally enriched and standard laboratory housing conditions on behavioral performance in 16 subadult ratsnakes (Elaphe obsoleta) using a split-clutch design. In a problem-solving task, snakes housed in enriched environments (EC) exhibited shorter...

  14. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  15. The use of classical and operant conditioning in training Aldabra tortoises ( Geochelone gigantea ) for venipuncture and other husbandry issues

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Wilson, S.

    A variety of nonhuman animals in zoo and research settings have been the subjects of classical and operant conditioning techniques. Much of the published work has focused on mammals, husbandry training and veterinary issues. However, several zoos are training reptiles and birds for similar...

  16. The effects of simulated transport on the behaviour of eastern blue tongued lizards ( Tiliqua scincoides)

    Contributor(s):: Mancera, K., Murray, P. J., Gao, Y. N., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    There is widespread transport of reptiles for the pet trade throughout the world and the 'dead on arrival' rates are high. The eastern blue tongued (EBT) lizard ( Tiliqua scincoides; Order: Squamata; suborder: Lacertilia) is particularly popular due to its unusual blue tongue. Noise, vibration...

  17. Welfare and environmental implications of farmed sea turtles

    Contributor(s):: Arena, P. C., Warwick, C., Steedman, C.

    Various captivity-related health problems have been described as arising in the farming of sea turtles at the Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF). Our study included a desktop review of turtle farming, direct onsite inspection at the CTF, assessment of visual materials and reports provided by investigators...

  18. Welfare of non-traditional pets

    Contributor(s):: Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D., Bacon, H. J.

    The keeping of non-traditional or 'exotic' pets has been growing in popularity worldwide. In addition to the typical welfare challenges of keeping more traditional pet species like dogs and cats, ensuring the welfare of non-traditional pets is complicated by factors such as lack of knowledge,...

  19. Positive behavioral impact of reptile-assisted support on the internalizing and externalizing behaviors of female children with emotional disturbance

    | Contributor(s):: Murry, F. R., Allen, M. T.

    The effects of animal-assisted support were tested with children identified with emotional disturbance. Forty female children, aged 12 years old, participated in one of two treatments: animal-assisted support or control support. All participants had experienced the death of a parent in the...

  20. Schoolchildren and one of the most unpopular animals: are they ready to protect snakes?

    | Contributor(s):: Ballouard, J. M., Ajtic, R., Balint, H., Brito, J. C., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Desmonts, D., ElMouden, E., Erdogan, M., Feriche, M., Pleguezuelos, J. M., Prokop, P., Sanchez, A., Santos, X., Slimani, T., Tomovic, L., Usak, M., Zuffi, M., Bonnet, X.