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  1. Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale

    Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.

    Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...

  2. Thinking outside our cages

    Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E.

    Researchers seem to be stuck reiterating the now-familiar argument that barren boxes are bad for welfare and that rodents are due ethical consideration. But the prerequisites for real progress are new kinds of arguments, new types of data, and removal of very real practical and cultural obstacles...

  3. Repeated locomotion scoring of a sow herd to measure lameness: consistency over time, the effect of sow characteristics and inter-observer reliability

    Contributor(s):: D'Eath, R. B.

  4. The effect of investigator disturbance on egg laying, chick survival and fledging mass of short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris) and little penguins (Eudyptula minor)

    Contributor(s):: Vertigan, C., McMahon, C. R., Andrews-Goff, V., Hindell, M. A.

  5. Observer ratings: validity and value as a tool for animal welfare research

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, R. K.

    Ratings by human observers have long been used by animal scientists and veterinarians to assess certain physical traits (e.g. body fat), and can also be applied to the assessment of behaviour and a variety of welfare-relevant variables (e.g. pain responsiveness, alopecia/barbering). Observer...

  6. Sensory stimulation as environmental enrichment for captive animals: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L.

    In the wild, animals are exposed to an ever-changing array of sensory stimuli. The captive environment, by contrast, is generally much more impoverished in terms of the sensory cues it offers the animals housed within. In a bid to remedy this, and promote better welfare, researchers have started...

  7. Tags on seabirds: how seriously are instrument-induced behaviours considered?

    | Contributor(s):: Vandenabeele, S. P., Wilson, R. P., Grogan, A.

    Equipping birds with tags (defined as any item externally attached to birds, including transmitters, loggers and flipper bands, or implanted devices, such as transponders) gives particular insights into animal biology, although researchers may not give systematic consideration of tag impact. We...

  8. Taking the time to assess the effects of remote sensing and tracking devices on animals

    | Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Collier, N., Northfield, J. K., Glen, F.

    The remote monitoring of animal behaviour using telemetry and bio-logging has become popular due to technological advances, falling costs of devices and the need to understand behaviour without causing disturbance to subjects. Over the past three decades thousands of animals have had their...

  9. Prototypes connect human diabetes with feline and canine diabetes in the context of animal-human bonds: an anthropological analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Rock, M., Babinec, P.

    This study explored whether previous experiences with human diabetes influenced how people perceived and responded to the onset of diabetes in a companion animal, and if the experience of diabetic pet care might influence people's thinking and actions in relation to human health. We conducted a...

  10. Can we really measure animal quality of life? Methodologies for measuring quality of life in people and other animals

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, E. M., Nolan, A. M., Reid, J., Wiseman-Orr, M. L.

    Quality of life (QoL) is an abstract construct that has been formally recognised and widely used in human medicine. In recent years, QoL has received increasing attention in animal and veterinary sciences, and the measurement of QoL has been a focus of research in both the human and animal...

  11. Evaluation of a welfare indicator protocol for assessing animal welfare in AMS herds: researcher, production advisor and veterinary practitioner opinion

    | Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Jakobsen, I. A., Hindhede, J., Klaas, I. C., Bonde, M., Sorensen, J. T.

    A welfare indicator protocol integrating a total of 38 measures from 4 information sources: housing system, management, animal behaviour and clinical health has been developed for decision support in Automatic Milking System (AMS) herds. Two expert opinion studies focusing on the relevance of the...

  12. Genomic dairy cattle breeding: risks and opportunities for cow welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Mark, T., Sandoe, P.

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure the...

  13. Sensory development in puppies ( Canis lupus f. familiaris ): implications for improving canine welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, A. C.

    Despite an auspicious start from which lasting theories were generated (eg critical periods hypothesis, Scott & Marston 1950), and despite recent modern technology enabling biological investigations of sensory development (eg EEG, fMRI), in the last fifty years little attention has been devoted...

  14. The conservation-welfare nexus in reintroduction programmes: a role for sensory ecology. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Swaisgood, R. R.

    Since reintroduction programmes involve moving animals from captive or wild environments and releasing them into novel environments, there are sure to be a number of challenges to the welfare of the individuals involved. Behavioural theory can help us develop reintroductions that are better for...