A standardized ethogram for the Felidae: a tool for behavioral researchers
Contributor(s):: Stanton, L. A., Sullivan, M. S., Fazio, J. M.
Standardized ethograms offer many practical benefits to behavioral researchers, and several examples exist today for various species and taxa. Despite historic evidence that suggests the family Felidae share similar behavioral repertoires, no standardized ethogram providing comprehensive...
A survey of animal welfare experts and practicing veterinarians to identify and explore key factors thought to influence canine and feline welfare in relation to veterinary care
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Dewey, C. E., Stone, E. A., Guerin, M. T., Niel, L.
Veterinary care is important for maintaining companion animal health; however, it also has the potential to impact other aspects of patient welfare. To investigate factors related to veterinary care that are likely to influence canine and feline welfare, animal welfare researchers, veterinarians...
Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)
Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.
Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...
Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)
Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.
Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...
Refinement of welfare through development of a quantitative system for assessment of lifetime experience
Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Sharpe, S., Hall, I., Lawrence, S., Kitchen, S., Dennis, M.
This paper proposes a system that uses intrinsic study data to provide a clear visualisation of the stresses involved during the animal's life history that can be applied to all types of studies, even those not requiring invasive techniques. Thus, it provides an opportunity for researchers to...
The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals
Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.
Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...
Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale
Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.
Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...
Prolonged pain research in mice: trends in reference to the 3Rs
Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Briese, L.
This literature review documents trends in the use of mice in prolonged pain research, defined herein as research that subjects mice to a source of pain for at least 14 days. The total amount of prolonged pain research on mice has increased dramatically in the past decade for the 3 pain...
Thinking outside our cages
Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E.
Researchers seem to be stuck reiterating the now-familiar argument that barren boxes are bad for welfare and that rodents are due ethical consideration. But the prerequisites for real progress are new kinds of arguments, new types of data, and removal of very real practical and cultural obstacles...
Time budget and activity patterns of oncilla cats ( Leopardus tigrinus) in captivity
Contributor(s):: Resende, L. de S., Lima e Neto, G., Carvalho, P. G. D., Landau-Remy, G., Ramos Junior, V. de A., Andriolo, A., Genaro, G.
Researchers have reported on the diet of Leopardus tigrinus and ecological aspects, but studies of behavior are scarce. The aims of this study were to describe the time budget and activity patterns of 10 captive Leopardus tigrinus individuals. The group had an activity budget of 66% resting,...
Periods of early development and the effects of stimulation and social experiences in the canine
Contributor(s):: Battaglia, C. L.
It is not capacity that explains the differences that exist between individuals, because most seem to have far more capacity than they will ever use. The differences that exist between individuals seem to be related to something else. Researchers have studied these phenomena and have looked for...
Puppy power! Using social cognition research tasks to improve socialization practices for domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Bennett, P. C.
Understanding the psychology of the domestic dog is a key element in both research and clinical applications for veterinary behaviorists. This article summarizes social cognitive skills observed in dogs in recent cognition studies. The tasks are grouped into the following 2 categories: those...
Mar 10 2014
Cognition, Enrichment and Collaboration
Repeated locomotion scoring of a sow herd to measure lameness: consistency over time, the effect of sow characteristics and inter-observer reliability
Contributor(s):: D'Eath, R. B.
The effect of investigator disturbance on egg laying, chick survival and fledging mass of short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris) and little penguins (Eudyptula minor)
Contributor(s):: Vertigan, C., McMahon, C. R., Andrews-Goff, V., Hindell, M. A.
A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America
| Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.
Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...
Observer ratings: validity and value as a tool for animal welfare research
| Contributor(s):: Meagher, R. K.
Ratings by human observers have long been used by animal scientists and veterinarians to assess certain physical traits (e.g. body fat), and can also be applied to the assessment of behaviour and a variety of welfare-relevant variables (e.g. pain responsiveness, alopecia/barbering). Observer...
Sensory stimulation as environmental enrichment for captive animals: a review
| Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L.
In the wild, animals are exposed to an ever-changing array of sensory stimuli. The captive environment, by contrast, is generally much more impoverished in terms of the sensory cues it offers the animals housed within. In a bid to remedy this, and promote better welfare, researchers have started...
Tags on seabirds: how seriously are instrument-induced behaviours considered?
| Contributor(s):: Vandenabeele, S. P., Wilson, R. P., Grogan, A.
Equipping birds with tags (defined as any item externally attached to birds, including transmitters, loggers and flipper bands, or implanted devices, such as transponders) gives particular insights into animal biology, although researchers may not give systematic consideration of tag impact. We...
Taking the time to assess the effects of remote sensing and tracking devices on animals
| Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Collier, N., Northfield, J. K., Glen, F.
The remote monitoring of animal behaviour using telemetry and bio-logging has become popular due to technological advances, falling costs of devices and the need to understand behaviour without causing disturbance to subjects. Over the past three decades thousands of animals have had their...