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  1. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  2. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    | Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  3. Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach

    | Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.

    Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...

  4. Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.

    The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...

  5. The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.

    Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...

  6. A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training

    | Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Blythe, S., Roberts, R., Toothill, L., Craigon, P. J., Evans, K. M., Green, M. J., England, G. C. W.

    An early understanding of behavioral suitability for guiding work in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) would be useful for organizations which train dogs as mobility aids, such as the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. We explored the potential for a standardized test of behavior in young dogs...

  7. The relationship between responsiveness of first-lactation heifers to humans and the behavioral response to milking and milk production measures

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Dowling, S. K.

    The human-animal relationship can influence how an animal responds to situations involving humans and affect animal well-being and production. The objectives of this research were to (1) determine if there is a relationship between the behavioral reactivity of New Zealand dairy heifers toward...

  8. Understanding feline behavior and application for appropriate handling and management.

    | Contributor(s):: Rodan, I.

    Feline handling in the veterinary hospital is important to protect both people and cats. Restraint has been used to enable us to perform our duties as veterinarians. With increased knowledge of feline behavior and how cats react to fear, newer information provides us with safer handling...

  9. Genetic analysis of reactivity to humans in Goettingen minipigs

    | Contributor(s):: Kohn, F., Sharifi, A. R., Simianer, H.

    Goettingen minipigs are laboratory animals with an increasing demand over the last few years. At the moment, Goettingen minipigs are not selected for a low reactivity to humans and this trait is not included in the breeding programme. However, it is obvious that there is a need for genetically...

  10. Mixed housing of different genetic lines of laying hens negatively affects feather pecking and fear related behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Rodenburg, T. B., Bolhuis, J. E., Decuypere, E., Komen, H.

    Adult laying hens from Rhode Island Red (RIR) origin both express lower levels of feather pecking and lower fear responses towards a novel object than laying hens from White Leghorn (WL) origin. The present study investigated whether mixed housing of RIR and WL laying hens would affect their...

  11. The effect of feeding enrichment toys on the behaviour of kennelled dogs (Canis familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Schipper, L. L., Vinke, C. M., Schilder, M. B. H., Spruijt, B. M.

    In general, an animal's inability to perform specific behaviours (for example, due to a lack of suitable stimuli or physical restraint) is often viewed as a cause of reduced welfare of animals kept in captivity. There is increasing evidence that the opportunity to display more...

  12. The relationships between temperament during routine handling tasks, weight gain and facial hair whorl position in frequently handled beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Turner, S. P.

    A relationship has been described between facial hair whorl position and temperament in infrequently handled beef cattle when both traits were measured on categorical scales. Hair whorl position has also been found to relate to daily weight gain in dairy heifers. Using both a categorical scale...

  13. The effect of early human contact and the separation method from the dam on responses of beef calves to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Gilard, F., Egal, D.

    The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the effect of early human contact and of the separation method from the dam on the future relationships of calves with humans, and to investigate the relationship between dam responses and calf responses. Thirty-three Salers calves aged 2-4 days...

  14. Comparison of the effects of two different handling methods on the subsequent behaviour of Anglo-Arabian foals toward humans and handling

    | Contributor(s):: Ligout, S., Bouissou, M. F., Boivin, X.

    Tactile contact is often used to improve the human-foal relationship, in particular during sensitive periods such as weaning. However, the method used to provide the contact (forced or unforced) may affect subsequent reactions to humans. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of forced...

  15. Effects of social isolation and restraint on heart rate and behaviour of alpacas

    | Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.

    Heart rate and behaviour of 16 yearling male alpacas were measured during spatial and visual isolation from other alpacas and when a pair of familiar alpacas was present. In experiment 1, alpacas were free to move in a 2.4 msuperscript 2 wire pen, while in experiment 2, alpacas were held under...

  16. Cattle with hair whorl patterns above the eyes are more behaviorally agitated during restraint

    | Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Deesing, M. J., Struthers, J. J., Swinker, A. M.

    1500 cattle weighing 180-360 kg were temperament rated on a 4-point scale to determine whether hair whorl position on the forehead is related to a calm temperament. 72% of the cattle were European x British breed crosses and 28% were zebu x dairy breed crosses from Mexico. Cattle with a round...

  17. Physiological and behavioural effects of handling and restraint in the ball python ( Python regius ) and the blue-tongued skink ( Tiliqua scincoides )

    | Contributor(s):: Kreger, M. D., Mench, J. A.

    Four handling techniques commonly used with snakes and lizards in zoological park reptile collections were evaluated with respect to animal well-being. Adult male blue-tongued skinks (n = 3) and ball pythons (n = 4) were either handled gently, restrained manually, or container restrained for 10...

  18. The effect of low energy electric shock on cortisol, beta -endorphin, heart rate and behaviour of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Fisher, A. D., Reed, M. T., Henshall, J. M.

    Electrical stimuli are used increasingly to confine cattle, whether through conventional electric fencing or the development of 'virtual' fencing systems. Two experiments were conducted to assess behavioural, heart rate and stress hormone responses of cattle to electrical stimuli...

  19. A note on stability of behavioural reactions to handling in red deer hinds and their calves

    | Contributor(s):: Chaya, W., Pollard, J., Littlejohn, R.

    Behavioural responses and their consistency across repeated handling events were measured in 17 red deer hinds and their calves (8 red plus 11 red x wapiti hybrids), to assist in the development of selection criteria. The deer had been extensively handled prior to the study. Individual responses...

  20. Release from restraint generates a positive judgement bias in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Fisher, A. D., Hinch, G. N., Boissy, A., Lee, C.

    The study of judgement biases in animals has attracted interest as a way of potentially measuring emotional states by being able to detect pessimistic-like or optimistic-like evaluations of their environment. While judgement biases have been successfully identified in laboratory species, no such...