Routine handling does not lead to chronic stress in captive green anole (Anolis carolinensis)
Contributor(s):: Borgmans, G., Palme, R., Sannen, A., Vervaecke, H., Van Damme, R.
Testing two behavioural paradigms for measuring post-handling cat aversion behaviour
Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Landsberg, Gary M., Niel, Lee
Owned, shelter, and laboratory cats undergo handling and restraint throughout their lifetime for routine health examinations and necessary procedures. Many cats display fear and aggressive behaviour during health examinations, and there is potential for these behaviours to result in incomplete...
Effects of the method of restraint for shearing on behaviour and heart rate variability in alpacas
Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, Susanne, Hajek, Franziska, Lambacher, Bianca, Wittek, Thomas
Alpacas are increasingly kept in Europe for different purposes including fibre production. Yearly shearing is necessary to harvest fibre and for welfare reasons. Different methods of restraint are used during shearing, which may affect the welfare of the animals differently. The aim of the study...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
| Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
How Farm Animals React and Perceive Stressful Situations Such As Handling, Restraint, and Transport
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Shivley, C.
An animal that has been carefully acclimated to handling may willingly re-enter a restrainer. Another animal may have an intense agitated behavioral reaction or refuse to re-enter the handling facility. Physiological measures of stress such as cortisol may be very low in the animal that...
Restraint and Hospitalization of Cats
| Contributor(s):: Wayne H. Rizer
A cat presents a problem in handling for the small animal practitioner much as does the western steer to the rural practitioner, in that the ability of the doctor is often measured by the way the animal is handled rather than by the way the animal responds to the treatment.
Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.
The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...
Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures
| Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.
For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
| Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
Understanding feline behavior and application for appropriate handling and management.
| Contributor(s):: Rodan, I.
Feline handling in the veterinary hospital is important to protect both people and cats. Restraint has been used to enable us to perform our duties as veterinarians. With increased knowledge of feline behavior and how cats react to fear, newer information provides us with safer handling...
Immobility and supination in garter snakes (Thamnophis elegans) following handling by human predators
| Contributor(s):: Gregory, Patrick T., Gregory, Linda A.
Genetic analysis of reactivity to humans in Goettingen minipigs
| Contributor(s):: Kohn, F., Sharifi, A. R., Simianer, H.
Goettingen minipigs are laboratory animals with an increasing demand over the last few years. At the moment, Goettingen minipigs are not selected for a low reactivity to humans and this trait is not included in the breeding programme. However, it is obvious that there is a need for genetically...
The relationships between temperament during routine handling tasks, weight gain and facial hair whorl position in frequently handled beef cattle
| Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Turner, S. P.
A relationship has been described between facial hair whorl position and temperament in infrequently handled beef cattle when both traits were measured on categorical scales. Hair whorl position has also been found to relate to daily weight gain in dairy heifers. Using both a categorical scale...
The effect of early human contact and the separation method from the dam on responses of beef calves to humans
| Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Gilard, F., Egal, D.
The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the effect of early human contact and of the separation method from the dam on the future relationships of calves with humans, and to investigate the relationship between dam responses and calf responses. Thirty-three Salers calves aged 2-4 days...
Comparison of the effects of two different handling methods on the subsequent behaviour of Anglo-Arabian foals toward humans and handling
| Contributor(s):: Ligout, S., Bouissou, M. F., Boivin, X.
Tactile contact is often used to improve the human-foal relationship, in particular during sensitive periods such as weaning. However, the method used to provide the contact (forced or unforced) may affect subsequent reactions to humans. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of forced...
Effects of social isolation and restraint on heart rate and behaviour of alpacas
| Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.
Heart rate and behaviour of 16 yearling male alpacas were measured during spatial and visual isolation from other alpacas and when a pair of familiar alpacas was present. In experiment 1, alpacas were free to move in a 2.4 msuperscript 2 wire pen, while in experiment 2, alpacas were held under...
Cattle with hair whorl patterns above the eyes are more behaviorally agitated during restraint
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Deesing, M. J., Struthers, J. J., Swinker, A. M.
1500 cattle weighing 180-360 kg were temperament rated on a 4-point scale to determine whether hair whorl position on the forehead is related to a calm temperament. 72% of the cattle were European x British breed crosses and 28% were zebu x dairy breed crosses from Mexico. Cattle with a round...
Physiological and behavioural effects of handling and restraint in the ball python ( Python regius ) and the blue-tongued skink ( Tiliqua scincoides )
| Contributor(s):: Kreger, M. D., Mench, J. A.
Four handling techniques commonly used with snakes and lizards in zoological park reptile collections were evaluated with respect to animal well-being. Adult male blue-tongued skinks (n = 3) and ball pythons (n = 4) were either handled gently, restrained manually, or container restrained for 10...
The effect of low energy electric shock on cortisol, beta -endorphin, heart rate and behaviour of cattle
| Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Fisher, A. D., Reed, M. T., Henshall, J. M.
Electrical stimuli are used increasingly to confine cattle, whether through conventional electric fencing or the development of 'virtual' fencing systems. Two experiments were conducted to assess behavioural, heart rate and stress hormone responses of cattle to electrical stimuli...