Effect of Handler Knowledge of the Detection Task on Canine Search Behavior and Performance
| Contributor(s):: Mallory T. DeChant, Cameron Ford, Nathaniel J. Hall
Detection dogs are commonly trained and tested under conditions in which the handler or the evaluator knows the true presence or absence of a target odor. Previous research has demonstrated that when handlers are deceived and led to believe that a target odor is present, more false alerts...
A Prospective Cohort Study Investigating the Behavioural Development of Bitches in a Guide Dog Training Programme Neutered Prepubertally or Post-Pubertally
| Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Freeman, S., Payne, R., Corr, S., England, G. C. W.
There are few studies that investigate the effect of neutering bitches before or after puberty. The majority of current literature examining the impact of the timing of neutering on health and behaviour has used age rather than the onset of puberty as the key variable. The aim of this...
Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI
| Contributor(s):: Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.
The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...
Perceptions of domestic dogs' (Canis familiaris) manifestations of joy, shame and stress based on photographs
| Contributor(s):: Kuzniewska, E., Strychalski, J.
Address the end of life of the animal in the presence of the children of the familyApproccio al fine vita dell'animale in presenza di bambini
| Contributor(s):: Caux, A., Dattee, V.
Assessing the Psychological Priorities for Optimising Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Jake Stuart Veasey
The welfare status of elephants under human care has been a contentious issue for two decades or more in numerous western countries. Much effort has gone into assessing the welfare of captive elephants at individual and population levels with little consensus having been achieved in relation to...
Dogs’ Stay in a Pet Hotel – Salivary Cortisol Level and Adaptation to New Conditions
| Contributor(s):: Wojtaś, Justyna, Garbiec, Aleksandra, Karpiński, Mirosław, Czyżowski, Piotr
Does the start of flat races influence racehorse race performance?
| Contributor(s):: Wells, Isobel, Randle, Hayley, Williams, Jane M.
Diet dilution and feeding frequency have only minor effects on the behaviour of broiler breeder pullets
| Contributor(s):: Mens, Annemarie J. W., de Jong, Ingrid C., van Riel, Johan W., Gunnink, Henk, van Hattum, Theo, van Emous, Rick A.
Is there hope beyond fear? Effects of social rehabilitation on unsocialised stray dogs
| Contributor(s):: Casaca, Miriam, Morello, Gabriela M., Magalhães, Tatiana, Olsson, I. Anna S., Vieira de Castro, Ana Catarina
Breed group differences in the unsolvable problem task: Herding dogs prefer their owner, while solitary hunting dogs seek stranger proximity
| Contributor(s):: Van Poucke, Enya, Höglin, Amanda, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.
The communicating skills of dogs are well documented and especially their contact-seeking behaviours towards humans. The aim of this study was to use the unsolvable problem paradigm to investigate differences between breed groups in their contact-seeking behaviours towards their owner and a...
Economic feasibility of interventions targeted at decreasing piglet perinatal and pre-weaning mortality across European countries
| Contributor(s):: Stygar, A. H., Chantziaras, I., Maes, D., Aarestrup Moustsen, V., De Meyer, D., Quesnel, H., Kyriazakis, I., Niemi, J. K.
BACKGROUND: Piglet perinatal and pre-weaning mortality is a welfare problem causing economic losses in pig production. In this study, the effects of housing and management interventions on the economic result of sow enterprises representing six European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Finland,...
Evaluating the Reliability of Non-Specialist Observers in the Behavioural Assessment of Semi-Captive Asian Elephant Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Jonathan L. Webb, Jennie A. H. Crawley, Martin W. Seltmann, Océane Liehrmann, Nicola Hemmings, U Kyaw Nyein, Htoo Htoo Aung, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa, Mirkka Lahdenperä
Recognising stress is an important component in maintaining the welfare of captive animal populations, and behavioural observation provides a rapid and non-invasive method to do this. Despite substantial testing in zoo elephants, there has been relatively little interest in the application of...
Returning a Shelter Dog: The Role of Owner Expectations and Dog Behavior
| Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Lee, Brittany, Reinhard, Chelsea L., Morris, Margaret, Satriale, Donya, Serpell, James, Watson, Brittany
Millions of animals are adopted from animal shelters in the United States each year, although some are returned post-adoption, which can decrease both the animals’ chances of future adoptions and the owners’ willingness to adopt again. In this study, we investigated the impact of...
Randomized, placebo-controlled prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the Assisi anti-anxiety device (calmer canine) for the treatment of canine separation anxiety
| Contributor(s):: Pankratz, K., Korman, J., Emke, C., Johnson, B., Griffith, E. H., Gruen, M. E.
Introduction: Separation anxiety (SA) is among the most common canine behavior disorders and affects quality-of-life for dogs and their owners. Dogs with SA show signs of anxiety during absence or perceived absence of their owners. While psychoactive medications are often helpful for...
Attachment towards the Owner Is Associated with Spontaneous Sleep EEG Parameters in Family Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Carreiro, Cecília, Reicher, Vivien, Kis, Anna, Gácsi, Márta
Affective neuroscience studies have demonstrated the impact of social interactions on sleep quality. In humans, trait-like social behaviors, such as attachment, are related to sleep brain activity patterns. Our aim was to investigate associations between companion dogs’ spontaneous brain...
Effects of physical enrichment and pair housing before weaning on growth, behaviour and cognitive ability of calves after weaning and regrouping
| Contributor(s):: Zhang, Chenyu, Juniper, Darren T., Meagher, Rebecca K.
Housing unweaned calves individually in barren environments negatively affects their growth, cognitive ability, and adaptability to environmental changes in later life. Social housing has been shown to improve those aspects, whereas physical environmental enrichment has rarely been studied in...
Evaluation of the time-activity budgets of captive ducks (Anatidae) compared to wild counterparts
| Contributor(s):: Rose, Paul, Roper, Amelia, Banks, Sophie, Giorgio, Chris, Timms, Milla, Vaughan, Phoebe, Hatch, Steven, Halpin, Samantha, Thomas, Joe, O’Brien, Michelle
Ducks are commonly housed in captive environments where their abilities for flight are constrained, either temporarily or permanently. The use of flight restraint in modern animal management is contentious and ethically questioned yet any associated impacts on behaviour remain poorly documented...
Limitations and challenges of adapting subjective keeper questionnaires to non-Western sanctuary settings
| Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Crudge, Brian, Lim, Thona, Roth, Vichet, Gartner, Marieke, Naden, Kristina, Officer, Kirsty, Descovich, Kris
In the past decade, there has been substantial growth in the number of animal personality studies published, however relatively little work has been conducted on different species of bears. Personality structure can provide insight into individual differences in behavioural responses, and in the...
Classifying the posture and activity of ewes and lambs using accelerometers and machine learning on a commercial flock
| Contributor(s):: Price, Emily, Langford, Joss, Fawcett, Tim W., Wilson, Alastair J., Croft, Darren P.
Early decision making in commercial livestock systems is key to maximising animal welfare and production. Detailed information on an animal’s phenotype is needed to facilitate this, but can be difficult to obtain in a commercial setting. Research into the use of bio-logging on sheep to...