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  1. Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dana. K. May, Nicholas P. Seivert, Annmarie Cano, Rita J. Casey, Amy Johnson

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...

  2. Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joshua Trigg, Kirrilly Thompson, Bradley Smith, Pauleen Bennett

    This review examines the perceptual and behavioural influences that pet-attachment has on the ways in which owners view risk, appraise threat, and respond to environmental hazards. Understanding how human-companion animal relationships function in this context has profound implications for the...

  3. People and companion animals: it takes two to tango

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amiot, C., Bastian, B., Martens, P.

    Animals have accompanied humans for thousands of years, with a strong bond forged between humans and other species. Our relationships with animals can take different forms. On one hand, animals can serve instrumental purposes: We currently use animals for clothing, for testing a range of human...

  4. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  5. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  6. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking....

  7. An opportunity preempted: Kim Socha's atheism versus religious animal liberationists

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, C.

    This article provides a review and critique of Animal Liberation and Atheism: Dismantling the Procrustean Bed by English professor, activist, and avowed political atheist Kim Socha. Socha engages in a twofold argument as she makes the case for animal liberation as a natural imperative of atheism....

  8. Detecting horses' sickness: in search of visible signs

    | Contributor(s):: Hausberger, M., Fureix, C., Lesimple, C.

    Assessing sickness in animals, by which we refer to non-specific states involving both physical discomfort and negative emotional states, is a real challenge. In this review, we demonstrate the need for clear and simple indicators of sickness in horses, a species in which suffering is largely...

  9. A new questionnaire examining general attitudes toward animals in Cyprus and the United Kingdom

    | Contributor(s):: Zalaf, A., Egan, V.

    A review of the animal welfare literature indicates that all the current measures used to evaluate it have limitations in how they assess attitudes toward animals and their care. Few studies have examined animal welfare outside non-Western nations, although attitudes toward animals and their...

  10. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    | Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  11. A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates

    | Contributor(s):: Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.

    The success of breeding primates in captivity has led to a surplus number of animals in collections. This review examines published journals and key books to investigate the various methods of primate population control. Hormonal, surgical and separation methods are discussed and evaluated with...

  12. An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units

    | Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.

    Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...

  13. Measuring heart rate variability in horses to investigate the autonomic nervous system activity - pros and cons of different methods

    | Contributor(s):: Stucke, D., Ruse, M. G., Lebelt, D.

    Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may provide insight into the mental state of the animal held in restricted specific experimental conditions. Determining inter-beat-interval (IBI) variations is one way to measure changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in horses....

  14. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    | Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  15. Applied personality assessment in domestic dogs: limitations and caveats

    | Contributor(s):: Rayment, D. J., Groef, B. de, Peters, R. A., Marston, L. C.

    Modern behavioural tests for domestic dogs are commonly employed across a variety of fields, including the assessment of companion, assistance, working and sporting dogs. While there is increasing scientific attention on the development and evaluation of behavioural tests used to assess...

  16. Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.

    Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...

  17. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...

  18. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    | Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  19. Enhancing nonhuman primate care and welfare through the use of positive reinforcement training

    | Contributor(s):: Laule, G., Whittaker, M.

    Nonhuman primates are excellent subjects for the enhancement of care and welfare through training. The broad range of species offers tremendous behavioral diversity, and individual primates show varying abilities to cope with the stressors of captivity, which differ depending on the venue....

  20. Genetic engineering and other factors that might affect human-animal interactions in the research setting

    | Contributor(s):: Comber, J., Griffin, G.

    Evidence exists, particularly in the welfare literature of nonhuman animals on the farm, that the interaction between nonhuman animals and the personnel who care for them can have a strong effect on the animals' behavior, productivity, and welfare. Among species commonly used for biomedical...