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  1. Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dana. K. May, Nicholas P. Seivert, Annmarie Cano, Rita J. Casey, Amy Johnson

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...

  2. Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joshua Trigg, Kirrilly Thompson, Bradley Smith, Pauleen Bennett

    This review examines the perceptual and behavioural influences that pet-attachment has on the ways in which owners view risk, appraise threat, and respond to environmental hazards. Understanding how human-companion animal relationships function in this context has profound implications for the...

  3. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  4. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  5. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking....

  6. Applying One Health to the study of animal-assisted interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chalmers, D., Dell, C. A.

    The use of animal-assisted interventions in therapeutic programs is a growing phenomenon. Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) involve a variety of species (dogs, cats, horses, domesticated birds, etc.) in primary health care. Despite their increasing application in a wide range of therapeutic...

  7. A critical review of horse-related risk: a research agenda for safer mounts, riders and equestrian cultures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., McGreevy, P., McManus, P.

    While the importance of improving horse-related safety seems self-evident, no comprehensive study into understanding or reducing horse-related risk has been undertaken. In this paper, we discuss four dimensions of horse-related risk: the risk itself, the horse, the rider and the culture in which...

  8. A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates

    | Contributor(s):: Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.

    The success of breeding primates in captivity has led to a surplus number of animals in collections. This review examines published journals and key books to investigate the various methods of primate population control. Hormonal, surgical and separation methods are discussed and evaluated with...

  9. Converging on ancient bones: a review of the evidence for the close relatedness of humans ( Homo sapiens) and spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta)

    | Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

    The majority of spotted hyena studies are conducted in places such as national parks and reserves where there are few humans present other than the researchers. I argue that this reflects a perception that "real" hyenas are those largely unaffected by contact with humans. This is at odds with...

  10. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    | Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  11. The milky way: the implications of using animal milk products in infant feeding

    | Contributor(s):: Howcroft, R., Eriksson, G., Liden, K.

    Animal milks have been used in infant feeding for at least a few millennia, but this can only have become a common practice after the domestication of dairy animals during the Neolithic. Neolithic population increase has often been attributed to the effect of a reduction in breastfeeding duration...

  12. Applied personality assessment in domestic dogs: limitations and caveats

    | Contributor(s):: Rayment, D. J., Groef, B. de, Peters, R. A., Marston, L. C.

    Modern behavioural tests for domestic dogs are commonly employed across a variety of fields, including the assessment of companion, assistance, working and sporting dogs. While there is increasing scientific attention on the development and evaluation of behavioural tests used to assess...

  13. Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.

    Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...

  14. Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.

    Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...

  15. Assessment of favorable attitudes toward pets: development and preliminary validation of self-report pet relationship scales

    | Contributor(s):: Lago, D., Kafer, R., Delaney, M., Connell, C.

    "This paper summarizes the progress made in developing measures of favorable attitudes and affectionate relationships with pet animals."

  16. Artificial weaning of Old World monkeys: benefits and costs

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Permanent mother-infant separation prior to natural weaning is a common husbandry practice in monkey breeding colonies. In the United States, all eight Regional Primate Research Centres have such colonies. Under undisturbed conditions, Old World monkey mothers wean their infants at the age of...

  17. Enhancing nonhuman primate care and welfare through the use of positive reinforcement training

    | Contributor(s):: Laule, G., Whittaker, M.

    Nonhuman primates are excellent subjects for the enhancement of care and welfare through training. The broad range of species offers tremendous behavioral diversity, and individual primates show varying abilities to cope with the stressors of captivity, which differ depending on the venue....

  18. Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment

    | Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.

    This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...

  19. Positive reinforcement training as a technique to alter nonhuman primate behavior: quantitative assessments of effectiveness. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    | Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Laule, G. E.

    Many suggest that operant conditioning techniques can be applied successfully to improve the behavioral management of nonhuman primates in research settings. However, relatively little empirical data exist to support this claim. This article is a review of several studies that discussed applied...

  20. Equine on-farm welfare assessment: a review of animal-based indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Murray, L., Dai, F., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The adaptability of horses and donkeys to different types of activity has seen the European equine industry become an important economic sector, giving rise to increasing concern regarding equine welfare. As part of the AWIN (Animal Welfare Indicators) project, this review focuses on scientific...