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  1. Large dog relinquishment to two municipal facilities in New York City and Washington, D.C.: identifying targets for intervention

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Drain, N., Dolan, E., Scarlett, J. M., Zawistowski, S. L.

    While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States. We hypothesized one way to increase the lives saved with respect to these large dogs is to keep them home when...

  2. Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America

    Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.

    In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large...

  3. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  4. A survey of public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Flint, E. L., Minot, E. O., Perry, P. E., Stafford, K. J.

    AIMS: To investigate public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand in order to quantify the extent to which people perceive barking dogs to be a problem, to compare tolerance of barking with that of other common suburban noises, to assess the level of public understanding about the...

  5. The mini-cup jelly court cases: a comparative analysis from a food ethics perspective

    Contributor(s):: Kim, SukShin

    This study compares and analyzes separate court rulings in three countries on "mini-cup jelly" (a firm jelly containing konjac and packaged in bite-sized plastic cups) from a food ethics perspective. While the Korean and US courts decided that the mini-cup jelly was defective, and that the...

  6. Preventing dog bite injuries: the need for a collaborative approach

    Contributor(s):: Keuster, T. de, Overall, K. L.

    This article discusses an open-minded multidisciplinary approach for preventing primary and secondary dog bites. This approach is based on the recognition of the interaction between the dog, human and environment in which they interact. Focus is given on the analysis of problem or potential...

  7. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  8. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  9. Commercialization of perennial GE crops: looming challenges for regulatory frameworks

    Contributor(s):: Bagavathiannan, M. V., Spok, A., Acker, R. C. van

    Overall, the deregulation of genetically engineered (GE) crops for commercial cultivation in North America has been a success story. In several cases, however, GE crops have sparked concerns and disagreements among the stakeholders and there are incidences of court lawsuits, including a recent...

  10. Meeting consumer concerns for food safety in South Korea: the importance of food safety and ethics in a globalizing market

    Contributor(s):: Kim, R. B.

    As the issue of food safety became one of the important public agenda, consumer concern for food safety became the general public concern. The Korea U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) completion allowing import of U.S. beef to Korea has turned into a massive public uproar and a series of...

  11. Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies

    Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.

    Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...

  12. Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)

    Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.

    This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...

  13. Sustainable development and Norwegian genetic engineering regulations: applications, impacts, and challenges

    Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.

    The main purpose of The Norwegian Gene Technology Act (1993) is to enforce containment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and control of GMO releases. Furthermore, the Act intends to ensure that "production and use of GMOs should take place in an ethically and socially justifiable way, in...

  14. The homiletics of risk. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)

    Contributor(s):: Busch, L.

    Today there is considerable disagreement between the USA and the EU with respect to food safety standards. Issues include genetically modified organisms, beef hormones, unpasteurized cheese, etc. In general, it is usually asserted that Europeans argue for the precautionary principle (with...

  15. Pet-keeping in early childhood and airway, nose and skin symptoms later in life

    Contributor(s):: Bornehag, C. G., Sundell, J., Hagerhed, L., Janson, S.

    Background: It is discussed whether exposure to pets during childhood is a risk or a protective factor for sensitization and allergic symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pet-keeping at time of birth and allergic symptoms in airways, nose and skin among young...

  16. Livestock-associated MRSA: epidemiology in animal production chains, transmission to humans and charateristics of the clone

    Contributor(s):: Wagenaar, J. A., Giessen, A. van de

    MRSA infections in people working with pigs was confirmed in 2005. Dutch data from 9 abattoirs showed that 39% of pigs and 81% of slaughter batches was contaminated with MRSA. All strains belonged to the sequence type ST398. This clone is now known as livestock-associated MRSA (LA-MRSA). A...

  17. Colorado animal-based plague surveillance systems: relationships between targeted animal species and prediction efficacy of areas at risk for humans

    Contributor(s):: Lowell, J. L., Eisen, R. J., Schotthoefer, A. M., Liang, X. C., Montenieri, J. A., Tanda, D., Pape, J., Schriefer, M. E., Antolin, M. F., Gage, K. L.

    Human plague risks (Yersinia pestis infection) are greatest when epizootics cause high mortality among this bacterium's natural rodent hosts. Therefore, health departments in plague-endemic areas commonly establish animal-based surveillance programs to monitor Y. pestis infection among plague...

  18. BSE in the UK: why the risk communication strategy failed. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.

    The 2000 BSE Inquiry report points out that the most serious failure of the UK Government was one of risk communication. This paper argues that the government's failure to communicate the risks BSE posed to humans to a large degree can be traced back to a lack of transparency in the first risk...

  19. Locus of control and farmer orientation: effects on conservation adoption

    Contributor(s):: McNairn, H. E., Mitchell, B.

    Farmers in a southwestern Ontario watershed were surveyed to determine factors influencing their attitudes towards adoption of soil conservation practices. The majority of farmers in the watershed were internally motivated, which indicates that they believe that their own actions determine their...

  20. Risk communication, value judgments, and the public-policy maker relationship in a climate of public sensitivity toward animals: revisiting Britain's foot and mouth crisis. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Anthony, R.

    This paper offers some suggestions on, and encouragement for, how to be better at risk communication in times of agricultural crisis. During the foot and mouth epizootic, the British public, having no precedent to deal with such a rapid and widespread epizootic, no existing rules or conventions,...