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"first things first": application of Islamic principles of priority in the ethical assessment of genetically modified foods
Contributor(s):: Noor Munirah, Isa, Saadan, Man
Advancement of modern agricultural biotechnology has brought various potential benefits to humankind, but at the same time ethical concerns regarding some applications such as genetically modified foods (GMF) have been raised among the public. Several questions are being posed; should they...
A survey of public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Flint, E. L., Minot, E. O., Perry, P. E., Stafford, K. J.
AIMS: To investigate public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand in order to quantify the extent to which people perceive barking dogs to be a problem, to compare tolerance of barking with that of other common suburban noises, to assess the level of public understanding about the...
Dangerous dog or dastardly dude? Anthropomorphism, threat, and willingness to approach non-human targets
Contributor(s):: Butterfield, Max Edward
Study of aggression by dogs, according to the kind of interaction between dog and victim and motivating circumstances in the accidents, Municipality of Sao Paulo, 2008 to 2009Estudo das agressoes por caes, segundo tipo de interacao entre cao e vitima
Contributor(s):: Paranhos, N. T., Silva, E. A., Bernardi, F., Mendes, M. C. N. C., Junqueira, D. M. A. G., Souza, I. O. M., Albuquerque, J. O. M., Alves, J. C. M., Machado, M. N. P.
Ethical discourse on the use of genetically modified crops: a review of academic publications in the fields of ecology and environmental ethics
Contributor(s):: Gregorowius, D., Lindemann-Matthies, P., Huppenbauer, M.
Preventing dog bite injuries: the need for a collaborative approach
Contributor(s):: Keuster, T. de, Overall, K. L.
This article discusses an open-minded multidisciplinary approach for preventing primary and secondary dog bites. This approach is based on the recognition of the interaction between the dog, human and environment in which they interact. Focus is given on the analysis of problem or potential...
A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.
Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...
Conflict over risks in food production: a challenge for democracy
Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.
When it comes to conflict over risk management priorities in food production, a number of observers, including myself, have called for some sort of public deliberation as a means of resolving the moral disagreements underlying such conflicts. This paper asks how, precisely, such deliberation...
Ethical and value-based aspects of the European Commission's precautionary principle. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Carr, S.
In February 2000, the European Commission adopted a communication on the precautionary principle. This states how the commission intends to apply the principle and establishes guidelines for its application. The document is intended to inform discussions on international agreements. In...
Finding a precautionary approach to technological developments - lessons for the evaluation of GM crops. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Mayer, S., Stirling, A.
The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Europe has generated considerable controversy. Despite a risk assessment system that is intended to be precautionary in nature, the decisions that have been taken have not gathered public confidence. Key attributes of a...
Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.
I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...
Meeting consumer concerns for food safety in South Korea: the importance of food safety and ethics in a globalizing market
Contributor(s):: Kim, R. B.
As the issue of food safety became one of the important public agenda, consumer concern for food safety became the general public concern. The Korea U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) completion allowing import of U.S. beef to Korea has turned into a massive public uproar and a series of...
Ranking genetically modified plants according to familiarity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Madsen, K. H., Holm, P. B., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.
In public debate, genetically modified plants (GMPs) are often referred to as being unnatural or a violation of nature. Some people have serious moral concerns about departures from what is natural. Others are concerned about potential risks to the environment arising from the combination of...
Safety assurance of foods: risk management depends on good science but it is not a scientific activity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food
Contributor(s):: Goga, B. T. C., Clementi, F.
We make many decisions in our lives and we weigh the benefits against the drawbacks. Our decisions are based on what benefits are most important to us and what drawbacks we are willing to accept. Decisions about what we eat are made in the same way; but when it comes to safety, our decisions are...
Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.
This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...
Sustainable development and Norwegian genetic engineering regulations: applications, impacts, and challenges
Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.
The main purpose of The Norwegian Gene Technology Act (1993) is to enforce containment of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and control of GMO releases. Furthermore, the Act intends to ensure that "production and use of GMOs should take place in an ethically and socially justifiable way, in...
Taking consumers seriously: two concepts of consumer sovereignty. (Special Issue: Two systems - one world.)
Contributor(s):: Korthals, M.
A narrow and a broad liberal conception of "consumer sovereignty" are discussed. According to the narrow conception, with respect to food, one should conceptualize consumer sovereignty as the right of the individual consumer to get information on food products and to make his or her own choice on...
The homiletics of risk. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)
Contributor(s):: Busch, L.
Today there is considerable disagreement between the USA and the EU with respect to food safety standards. Issues include genetically modified organisms, beef hormones, unpasteurized cheese, etc. In general, it is usually asserted that Europeans argue for the precautionary principle (with...
The moral difference between intragenic and transgenic modification of plants
Contributor(s):: Myskja, B. K.
Public policy on the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has mainly been concerned with defining proper strategies of risk management. However, surveys and focus group interviews show that although lay people are concerned with risks, they also emphasize that genetic...
The struggle over functional foods: justice and the social meaning of functional foods. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
The social and scientific debate over functional foods has two focal points. One is the issue of the reliability and trustworthiness of the claims connected with functional foods. The second issue is the issue of the sociocultural dimension of functional foods and their detrimental effect on the...