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  1. A method for the economic valuation of animal welfare benefits using a single welfare score

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, R., Kehlbacher, A., Balcombe, K.

  2. A hypothetical strategy for the objective evaluation of animal well-being and quality of life using a dog model

    Contributor(s):: Morton, D. B.

    In this paper I describe a hypothetical strategy for assessing poor and good welfare with the aim of making a judgement about an animal's quality of life. The concepts discussed here may also contribute to the notion of what makes 'a life worth living'. The strategy involves attributing scores to...

  3. A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals

    Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.

    The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...

  4. Animal welfare: establishing a dialogue between science and society. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Miele, M., Veissier, I., Evans, A., Botreau, R.

    Farm animal welfare has become an important issue for the European public, especially in the last two decades when a number of crises (eg Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Avian Influenzalu) have affected farm animal populations. Public concern about this issue led the European Union to fund...

  5. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...

  6. Effect of training on the inter-observer reliability of lameness scoring in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: March, S., Brinkmann, J., Winkler, C.

    In the present study, the effect of training on inter-observer reliability was studied for a 5-category lameness scoring system used for routine on-farm surveys of welfare in dairy cattle. The inter-observer agreement between an experienced and an initially inexperienced observer was determined...

  7. Genetic parameters for birth difficulty, lamb vigour and lamb sucking ability in Suffolk sheep

    Contributor(s):: Macfarlane, J. M., Matheson, S. M., Dwyer, C. M.

    This study investigates the genetic basis of lamb vigour (defined as neonatal lamb activity and sucking ability) and lambing difficulty as potential traits to be included in selection programmes to improve ewe and lamb welfare. Scores for lamb birth difficulty, vigour and sucking ability were...

  8. Highlighting ethical decisions underlying the scoring of animal welfare in the Welfare QualityReg. scheme. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Jensen, K. K., Botreau, R., Sandoe, P.

    All systems of scoring animal units (groups, farms, slaughter plants, etc) according to the level of the animals' welfare are based inevitably on normative decisions. Similarly, all methods of labelling, in terms of acceptability, are based on choices reflecting ethical values. The evaluative...

  9. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  10. Reliability of a subjective lameness scoring system for dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Brenninkmeyer, C., Dippel, S., March, S., Brinkmann, J., Winckler, C., Knierim, U.

    Four observers were trained in lameness assessment using a subjective scoring system with five categories, and observer agreement was investigated four times at different stages of training and experience. Inter-observer reliability increased with time and reached acceptable levels in the last...

  11. Welfare assessment on Japanese dairy farms using the Animal Needs Index

    Contributor(s):: Seo, T., Date, K., Daigo, T., Kashiwamura, F., Sato, S.

    The Animal Needs Index (ANI) is used for on-farm assessment of welfare in Austria. However, no synthetic welfare assessment system exists in Japan. We performed a welfare assessment of Japanese dairy farms using the ANI scoring system. On 25 farms, 36 dairy herds were assessed using the...