Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs
| Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.
Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...
Student perceptions of animal use in society
| Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., Amstutz, M. D., Willoughby, D.
The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics that affect students' attitudes regarding animal use. Incoming freshman (n=136) completed a 20-question survey (Likert scale 1-5; range 20-100, summed and reported as a composite score) regarding perceptions of animal use,...
Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.
Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...
Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture
| Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.
In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations of...
Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.
We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...
Prediction of adoption versus euthanasia among dogs and cats in a California animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Lepper, M., Kass, P. H., Hart, L. A.
The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the determinants of adoption for cats and dogs from a large municipal animal shelter. The subjects were 4813 cats and 3301 dogs impounded by the Sacramento County Department of Animal Care and Regulation and offered for adoption...
Obstacles and anticipated problems with acquiring assistance dogs, as expressed by Japanese people with physical disabilities
| Contributor(s):: Mariko Yamamoto, Lynette A. Hart, Mitsuaki Ohta, Koji Matsumoto, Nobuyo Ohtani
In western countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, many people with disabilities benefit from the help their assistance dogs provide. In contrast, assistance dogs have not become widespread in Japan. This study explores the perspectives of Japanese people with disabilities,...
Analysis of exterior indices of Polish konik horses from preservation breeding centres and used in hippotherapy
| Contributor(s):: Pasicka, E., Oedenberg, H. G. de
Pet owning, and diabetes coping: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Zugravu, C. A., Tarcea, M., Patrascu, D.
Preferences for infant facial features in pet dogs and cats
| Contributor(s):: Archer, J., Monton, S.
A set of infant features (large forehead, large and low-lying eyes, and bulging cheeks), were described in classical ethology as social releasers, simple stimuli that evoke a stereotyped response, in this case nurturing. We assessed the attractiveness of such features in the faces of dogs or cats...
The relevance of age and gender for public attitudes to brown bears ( Ursus arctos), black bears ( Ursus americanus), and cougars ( Puma concolor) in Kamloops, British Columbia
| Contributor(s):: Campbell, M. O.
Suitability for field service in 4 breeds of guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Ennik, I., Liinamo, A. E., Leighton, E., Arendonk, J. van
This study examines the relative importance of a longer than normal 4-month training period, or being "passed back" from the original training class to join a class in which dogs are at an earlier stage of their training, on the overall probability that a dog entering guide dog training...
A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits
| Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.
In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...
Differences in background and outcome of three behavior problems of dogs
| Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Ogata, N., Houpt, K. A., Scarlett, J. M.
In order to characterize the three major behaviour problems, aggression toward owners, aggression toward strangers and separation anxiety, backgrounds of dogs and general outcomes of the behavioural treatments were analyzed retrospectively. There were 169 cases of aggression toward owners, 84...
Effects of gender and group size on the time-activity budgets of adult breeding ostriches (Struthio camelus) in a farming environment
| Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Deeming, D. C.
Twenty-six adult ostriches in breeding condition, maintained outdoors, were studied to determine their diurnal time-activity budget in the UK during the months of July and August. Males and females from pairs (1 male, 1 female), trios (1 male, 2 females), a small group (group 1: 3 males 8...
Factors affecting feeding order and social tolerance to kittens in the group-living feral cat (Felis catus)
| Contributor(s):: Yamane, A., Emoto, J., Ota, N.
Three feeding sites on Ainoshima Island, located 7 km off the coast of Shingu (Fukuoka Prefecture) and 3 feeding groups of feral cats (Felis catus) were used in experiments conducted from 23 November to 29 December 1993 from 05.00 to 07.00 h and 16.00 to 18.00 h. Members of each feeding group...
Selection for more confident foxes in Finland and Norway: heritability and selection response for confident behaviour in blue foxes (Alopex lagopus)
| Contributor(s):: Kenttamies, H., Nordrum, N. V., Brenoe, U. T., Smeds, K., Johannessen, K. R., Bakken, M.
As a part of a Nordic project, 'Selection for more confident foxes', selection experiments with blue foxes lasting 4 years (1995-98) were arranged in Finland and Norway. In Finland, the study was carried out on a private farm with closed selection and production lines. In Norway, the...
Shyness-boldness predicts performance in working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K.
This study investigates if there are relationships between personality and performance of dogs (Canis familiaris) in working dog trials. Data from 2655 dogs of the two breeds German Shepherd dog (GSD) and Belgian Tervuren (BT) in Sweden obtained between 1989 and 1997 were used. The breeds were...
A case series of biting dogs: characteristics of the dogs, their behaviour, and their victims
| Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R., Bate, L. A.
The characteristics of 227 biting dogs, their homes, and their victims were gathered in a detailed telephone survey of general veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island in 1996. All of the dogs had bitten either someone living in the...
Demographic and aggressive characteristics of dogs in a general veterinary caseload
A retrospective cross-sectional survey of dog-owning veterinary clients was undertaken in 1996 in three Canadian provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to generate a population of dogs for future use in a more detailed survey on canine behaviour. The questionnaire was...