Why are sheep sheepish? How perception affects animal stereotyping.
| Contributor(s):: Robert G. Franklin Jr.
Marino & Merskin present compelling evidence that many stereotypes of sheep are incorrect. One factor that may play an important role in animal stereotyping is the physical appearance of animals, which can directly lead to stereotyping through automatic mental processes. Sheep have a round...
Prioritization of Farm Animal Welfare Issues Using Expert Consensus
| Contributor(s):: Fiona C. Rioja-Lang, Melanie Connor, Heather J. Bacon, Alistair B. Lawrence, Cathy M. Dwyer
Prioritization of animal welfare issues can help identify which areas most require research funding and raise awareness of best practices. A modified Delphi method was used to obtain expert opinion on the highest priority welfare issues for UK farmed livestock. Fifty-eight UK-based experts were...
Sex differences in the herding styles of working sheepdogs and their handlers
| Contributor(s):: Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy
Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and...
Evaluation of Animal-Based Indicators to Be Used in a Welfare Assessment Protocol for Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Susan E. Richmond, Francoise Wemelsfelder, Ina Beltran de Heredia, Roberto Ruiz, Elisabetta Canali, Cathy M. Dwyer
Sheep are managed under a variety of different environments (continually outdoors, partially outdoors with seasonal or diurnal variation, continuously indoors) and for different purposes, which makes assessing welfare challenging. This diversity means that resource-based indicators are not...
Etre un ovin malade en Bas-Berry (fin XVIII e - milieu XX e siecle)
| Contributor(s):: Baron, N.
The purpose of this article is to make use of the "animal viewpoint", which has been adopted by a growing number of researchers, to reconstruct the experience of Indre sheep affected by the disease from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. To this end, we rely on local...
Being a sick ovine in Bas-Berry (end of the XVIIIth - mid XXth centuries)Etre un ovin malade en Bas-Berry (fin XVIII e - milieu XX e siecle)
| Contributor(s):: Baron, N.
The purpose of this article is to make use of the "animal viewpoint", which has been adopted by a growing number of researchers, to reconstruct the experience of Indre sheep affected by the disease from the late eighteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. To this end, we rely on local archives and...
Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy
| Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.
This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...
Reconsideration of the early domestication process of goats or sheep in the Middle East: the meaning of two types of nursing interventions into the ewe-neonate relationship
| Contributor(s):: Tani, Yutaka
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
| Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships
| Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.
Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...
Space allowance during gestation and early maternal separation: effects on the fear response and social motivation of lambs
| Contributor(s):: Averos, X., Marchewka, J., Beltran de Heredia, I., Zanella, A. J., Ruiz, R., Estevez, I.
A common prenatal stressor in lambs is early maternal separation, which may be aggravated by spatial restriction of ewes during pregnancy. They may influence lambs' development and coping abilities. The aim of this study was to determine how space allowance provided to ewes during pregnancy and...
The ethics of a co-regulatory model for farm animal welfare research
| Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Petherick, J. C.
Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare...
Dogs for herding and guarding livestock
| Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.
Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
| Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...
Minimal number of conspecifics needed to minimize the stress response of isolated mature ewes
| Contributor(s):: Carbajal, S., Orihuela, A.
The objective of this study was to determine the minimum number of conspecifics that sheep require to minimize the stress associated with isolation from the flock. The study used twelve 3-year-old Suffolk ewes. Every test day, the study randomly selected 1, 2 or 3 ewes to be visually separated...
Retreat space and human visitor density moderate undesirable behaviour in petting zoo animals
| Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Benne, M., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
This study focused on the relationship between nonhuman animal behaviour and environment - specifically, between the undesirable behaviour exhibited by domestic petting zoo animals in the presence of humans and the spatial design of the petting zoo environment. A spatial feature of a petting zoo...
Human-lamb bonding: oxytocin, cortisol and behavioural responses of lambs to human contacts and social separation
| Contributor(s):: Coulon, M., Nowak, R., Andanson, S., Ravel, C., Marnet, P. G., Boissy, A., Boivin, X.
Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.
Contagious ecthyma in a Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep from Utah
| Contributor(s):: Wilson, D. J., McFarlane, L.
Housing induced mood modulates reactions to emotional stimuli in sheep
| Contributor(s):: Reefmann, N., Muehlemann, T., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
The assessment of positive and negative short-term affective states (emotions) in animals and their modulation by long-term affective states (mood) is an on-going challenge. This study investigated the use of behavioural and physiological measures to assess emotions and their modulation by mood...