Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients
| Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.
Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...
The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.
Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...
The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review
| Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.
Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...
The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample
| Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.
Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...
Do horses gallop in their sleep? : consciousness, evolution, and the problem of animal minds
| Contributor(s):: Cartmill, Matt
Aggression, behaviour, and animal care among pit bulls and other dogs adopted from an animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: MacNeil-Allcock, A., Clarke, N. M., Ledger, R. A., Fraser, D.
Pit bull dogs are a focus of concern because of their reputation for aggression toward people and because they may be mistreated by owners who try to promote aggressive behaviour. This study followed 40 pit bulls and 42 similar-sized dogs of other breeds at an animal shelter. Three pit bulls and...
| Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
Feeding and sleep patterns prior to and post parturition
| Contributor(s):: Ruckebusch, Y.
Continuous recordings of jaw movements and sleep patterns (eye movement), were made on 2 cows aged 4 yr, before calving and during early lactation. Calves were separated from their dams immediately after birth and the cows were milked 2 X daily at 9 am and 5 pm during which time they received...
Sleep in piglets: an observational study
| Contributor(s):: Kuipers, M., Whatson, T. S.
The development of sleep was examined in 16 piglets during their first 5 weeks of life. Each piglet was observed for one 90-minute period each week and a record of the duration of lying, non-REM (rapid eye movement) sleep and REM sleep was made. Sleeping position was also recorded. The amount of...
The hypnogram as an index of adaptation of farm animals to changes in their environment
A note on a behavioural indicator of satisfaction in stabled horses
| Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Sato, S., Kusunose, R., Mitumasu, T., Obara, Y.
We observed the behaviour of six stabled horses (stallions n=3; geldings n=3) in an attempt to identify behavioural measures of eating satisfaction. The horses were required to perform an operant response (pressing a button with the muzzle) in order to access a food reward in an experimental box...
The preference of individually-penned cattle to conduct certain behaviours in the light or the dark
| Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Arab, T. M.
The behaviour of individually-penned cattle, able to switch lights on and off, was recorded over a 5 days. The cattle showed only a weak preference to feed in the light and to be in the light when they were standing or lying doing nothing. They showed no clear evidence of preferring to sleep or...
The reaction of cows to a short-term deprivation of lying
| Contributor(s):: Metz, J. H. M.
In a herd of 20 cows in a cubicle house, lying behaviour was prevented for 3 h each morning by enclosing the animals on the slatted floor of the feeding area. Lying time of cows was recorded during the 10 h following deprivation. The 3 h of lying deprivation resulted in a recovery rate of almost...
Assessing sleep state in calves through electrophysiological and behavioural recordings: a preliminary study
| Contributor(s):: Hanninen, L., Makela, J. P., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de, Saloniemi, H.
Adequate sleep is important for the health and well being of animals but we lack non-invasive methods to record sleep states from group-housed, freely-moving farm animals. We used electrophysiological data (electroencephalography; EEG, electromyography; EMG, and electro-oculography; EOG) to...
Animal welfare theory: the keyboard of the maintenance ethosystem
Behavioural responses to barking and other auditory stimuli during night-time sleeping and waking in the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris )
| Contributor(s):: Adams, G. J., Johnson, K. G.
Urban dogs have previously been shown to have approximately 3 sleep/wake cycles per hour during the night. In this study the sensitivity of dogs to night-time stimuli at different stages of these sleep/wake cycles was tested. 12 dogs were filmed at night in their usual urban habitats, whilst...
Effects of intermittent lighting on sleep and activity in the domestic hen
| Contributor(s):: Coenen, A. M. L., Wolters, E. M. T. J., Luijtelaar, E. L. J. M. van, Blokhuis, H. J.
The effects were studied of two different light-dark regimes on general activity, behavioural patterns and sleep in domestic hens. The light-dark schemes were composed of a traditional 14 h light-10 h dark period and the Biomittent Lighting Program (BMLP), which consists of only 15 minutes light...
Guard dogs: sleep, work and the behavioural responses to people and other stimuli
Sleep-wake cycles and the responses to naturally occurring stimuli were studied in 17 guard dogs; detailed video recordings were made of 10 of these dogs. The guard dogs lived permanently on-site, or were commercially owned and brought on to premises, removed before the workers started and rested...
Let sleeping rats lie: does the timing of husbandry procedures affect laboratory rat behaviour, physiology and welfare?
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Burman, O. H. P., Nicol, C. J., Mendl, M.
Research has indicated that chronic stress can reduce sleep quality and quantity. Yet there has been little investigation into whether husbandry procedures carried out during an animal's normal sleeping period affect subsequent sleep behaviour and welfare. We housed 48 rats in enriched cages...
Rest in poultry
| Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, H. J.