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  1. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  2. The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.

    Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...

  3. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...

  4. Aggression, behaviour, and animal care among pit bulls and other dogs adopted from an animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: MacNeil-Allcock, A., Clarke, N. M., Ledger, R. A., Fraser, D.

    Pit bull dogs are a focus of concern because of their reputation for aggression toward people and because they may be mistreated by owners who try to promote aggressive behaviour. This study followed 40 pit bulls and 42 similar-sized dogs of other breeds at an animal shelter. Three pit bulls and...

  5. Feeding and sleep patterns prior to and post parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckebusch, Y.

    Continuous recordings of jaw movements and sleep patterns (eye movement), were made on 2 cows aged 4 yr, before calving and during early lactation. Calves were separated from their dams immediately after birth and the cows were milked 2 X daily at 9 am and 5 pm during which time they received...

  6. Sleep as an index of an animal's adaptation to its environment

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckebusch, Y.

  7. The hypnogram as an index of adaptation of farm animals to changes in their environment

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckebusch, Y.

  8. Assessing sleep state in calves through electrophysiological and behavioural recordings: a preliminary study

    | Contributor(s):: Hanninen, L., Makela, J. P., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de, Saloniemi, H.

    Adequate sleep is important for the health and well being of animals but we lack non-invasive methods to record sleep states from group-housed, freely-moving farm animals. We used electrophysiological data (electroencephalography; EEG, electromyography; EMG, and electro-oculography; EOG) to...

  9. Effect of colostrum feeding method and presence of dam on the sleep, rest and sucking behaviour of newborn calves

    | Contributor(s):: Hanninen, L., Hepola, H., Raussi, S., Saloniemi, H.

    In rats, sucking milk reduces anxiety and promotes non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, and in calves it induces resting but the effect on sleep is unknown. Here, we investigated how calves' sleep was affected by colostrum feeding methods. Forty-one calves were blocked by birth date and...

  10. Effects of intermittent lighting on sleep and activity in the domestic hen

    | Contributor(s):: Coenen, A. M. L., Wolters, E. M. T. J., Luijtelaar, E. L. J. M. van, Blokhuis, H. J.

    The effects were studied of two different light-dark regimes on general activity, behavioural patterns and sleep in domestic hens. The light-dark schemes were composed of a traditional 14 h light-10 h dark period and the Biomittent Lighting Program (BMLP), which consists of only 15 minutes light...

  11. Let sleeping rats lie: does the timing of husbandry procedures affect laboratory rat behaviour, physiology and welfare?

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Burman, O. H. P., Nicol, C. J., Mendl, M.

    Research has indicated that chronic stress can reduce sleep quality and quantity. Yet there has been little investigation into whether husbandry procedures carried out during an animal's normal sleeping period affect subsequent sleep behaviour and welfare. We housed 48 rats in enriched cages...

  12. Rest in poultry

    | Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, H. J.

  13. Sleep, work, and the effects of shift work in drug detector dogs Canis familiaris

    | Contributor(s):: Adams, G. J., Johnson, K. G.

    Sleep-wake cycles of 6 drug detector dogs were video recorded, and the effects on them of shift work assessed. Observations were also recorded of interactions between dogs and their handlers during rest and work. Non-working dogs recorded immediately after work or at the same time of day or night...

  14. Can sleep behaviour be used as an indicator of stress in group-housed rats ( Rattus norvegicus )?

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Burman, O. H. P., Nicol, C. J., Mendl, M.

    We assessed the value of sleep behaviour as a novel measure of stress in group-housed animals. We observed, non-invasively, sleep behaviour in 144 group-housed rats, and related it to other physiological and physical indicators of stress and welfare. Sleep frequency and duration correlated...

  15. Effect of an open window and conspecifics within view on the welfare of stabled horses, estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Kusunose, R., Obara, Y., Sato, S.

    The effect of environmental enrichment on the welfare of stabled horses was estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators. Six stabled horses were exposed for seven days to each of two conditions in early spring: (i) a window at the back of the loose box was opened, but...

  16. Is sleep in animals affected by prior waking experiences?

    | Contributor(s):: Langford, F. M., Cockram, M. S.

    Methods to assess changes in the mental state of animals in response to their environment can be used to provide information to enhance animal welfare. One of the most profound changes of mental state observable in mammals is the change between wakefulness and sleep. Sleeping mammals have...