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  1. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  2. The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.

    Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...

  3. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...

  4. REM sleep, energy balance and 'optimal foraging'

    | Contributor(s):: Horne, Jim

  5. Aggression, behaviour, and animal care among pit bulls and other dogs adopted from an animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: MacNeil-Allcock, A., Clarke, N. M., Ledger, R. A., Fraser, D.

    Pit bull dogs are a focus of concern because of their reputation for aggression toward people and because they may be mistreated by owners who try to promote aggressive behaviour. This study followed 40 pit bulls and 42 similar-sized dogs of other breeds at an animal shelter. Three pit bulls and...

  6. A note on a behavioural indicator of satisfaction in stabled horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Sato, S., Kusunose, R., Mitumasu, T., Obara, Y.

    We observed the behaviour of six stabled horses (stallions n=3; geldings n=3) in an attempt to identify behavioural measures of eating satisfaction. The horses were required to perform an operant response (pressing a button with the muzzle) in order to access a food reward in an experimental box...

  7. The preference of individually-penned cattle to conduct certain behaviours in the light or the dark

    | Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Arab, T. M.

    The behaviour of individually-penned cattle, able to switch lights on and off, was recorded over a 5 days. The cattle showed only a weak preference to feed in the light and to be in the light when they were standing or lying doing nothing. They showed no clear evidence of preferring to sleep or...

  8. The reaction of cows to a short-term deprivation of lying

    | Contributor(s):: Metz, J. H. M.

    In a herd of 20 cows in a cubicle house, lying behaviour was prevented for 3 h each morning by enclosing the animals on the slatted floor of the feeding area. Lying time of cows was recorded during the 10 h following deprivation. The 3 h of lying deprivation resulted in a recovery rate of almost...

  9. Animal welfare theory: the keyboard of the maintenance ethosystem

    | Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.

  10. Effects of intermittent lighting on sleep and activity in the domestic hen

    | Contributor(s):: Coenen, A. M. L., Wolters, E. M. T. J., Luijtelaar, E. L. J. M. van, Blokhuis, H. J.

    The effects were studied of two different light-dark regimes on general activity, behavioural patterns and sleep in domestic hens. The light-dark schemes were composed of a traditional 14 h light-10 h dark period and the Biomittent Lighting Program (BMLP), which consists of only 15 minutes light...

  11. Let sleeping rats lie: does the timing of husbandry procedures affect laboratory rat behaviour, physiology and welfare?

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Burman, O. H. P., Nicol, C. J., Mendl, M.

    Research has indicated that chronic stress can reduce sleep quality and quantity. Yet there has been little investigation into whether husbandry procedures carried out during an animal's normal sleeping period affect subsequent sleep behaviour and welfare. We housed 48 rats in enriched cages...

  12. Can sleep behaviour be used as an indicator of stress in group-housed rats ( Rattus norvegicus )?

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Burman, O. H. P., Nicol, C. J., Mendl, M.

    We assessed the value of sleep behaviour as a novel measure of stress in group-housed animals. We observed, non-invasively, sleep behaviour in 144 group-housed rats, and related it to other physiological and physical indicators of stress and welfare. Sleep frequency and duration correlated...

  13. Effect of an open window and conspecifics within view on the welfare of stabled horses, estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Ninomiya, S., Kusunose, R., Obara, Y., Sato, S.

    The effect of environmental enrichment on the welfare of stabled horses was estimated on the basis of positive and negative behavioural indicators. Six stabled horses were exposed for seven days to each of two conditions in early spring: (i) a window at the back of the loose box was opened, but...

  14. Is sleep in animals affected by prior waking experiences?

    | Contributor(s):: Langford, F. M., Cockram, M. S.

    Methods to assess changes in the mental state of animals in response to their environment can be used to provide information to enhance animal welfare. One of the most profound changes of mental state observable in mammals is the change between wakefulness and sleep. Sleeping mammals have...

  15. Sickness behaviour and its relevance to animal welfare assessment at the group level

    | Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    The inflammatory response evokes changes in behaviour including increased thermoregulatory activities and sleep, reduced social exploration and appetite, and altered food preferences. This sickness response also includes feelings of lethargy, depression, and pain, collectively referred to as...