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  1. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  2. Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.

    Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...

  3. Social support does not require attachment: any conspecific tranquilizes isolated guinea-pig pups

    Contributor(s):: Tokumaru, R. S., Ades, C., Monticelli, P. F.

    Guinea pig pups produce typical distress whistles when isolated. Whistles' frequency is decreased or abolished when they contact with the mother and, to a lesser degree, a sibling or even an unfamiliar female, is regained. Those non-aggressive companions were considered social support providers...

  4. Evaluacion del temperamento en perros de refugio y de familia, un estudio comparativo

    Contributor(s):: Barrera, Gabriela, Giamal, Yamila, Fagnani, Jésica, Mustaca, Alba, Bentosela, Mariana

  5. Assessing companion dog behavior in a social setting

    Contributor(s):: Roth, Lina S. V., Jensen, Per

  6. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  7. The cat-human relationship

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A., Brown, S. L.

    The behaviour of cats and their interactions with humans are described.

  8. The attachment, as a component of the social behaviour of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kocis, T. A., Lazarescu, C., Tibru, I.

  9. Puppy power! Using social cognition research tasks to improve socialization practices for domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Understanding the psychology of the domestic dog is a key element in both research and clinical applications for veterinary behaviorists. This article summarizes social cognitive skills observed in dogs in recent cognition studies. The tasks are grouped into the following 2 categories: those...

  10. Sensing sociality in dogs: what may make an interactive robot social?

    Contributor(s):: Lakatos, G., Janiak, M., Malek, L., Muszynski, R., Konok, V., Tchon, K., Miklosi, A.

    This study investigated whether dogs would engage in social interactions with an unfamiliar robot, utilize the communicative signals it provides and to examine whether the level of sociality shown by the robot affects the dogs' performance. We hypothesized that dogs would react to the...

  11. Socialization of puppies - a marker of their future behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K., Radev, V., Varlyakov, I.

    An investigation on the relationship between temperament and socialization upon the development of the behaviour of the dog was carried out. The test of Queinnek was applied on 10 puppies from the Dobermann and German Shepherd breeds. The temperament type of each puppy was determined with regard...

  12. Teaching the dog and learning from the dog: interactivity in herding dog training and use

    Contributor(s):: Savalois, N., Lescureux, N., Brunois, F.

  13. [The relationship between man and dog: new hypotheses] La relation homme-chien: nouvelles hypotheses

    Contributor(s):: Titeux, E., Peron, F., Gilbert, C.

  14. Some preliminary field observations in the order of entry of cows into herringbone parlours

    Contributor(s):: Gadbury, J. C.

    Preliminary studies were made on 3 commercial herds of 56, 57 and 104 cows (mainly Friesian). It was shown that 80-85% of cows entered the milking parlour mainly at random, but the other 15-20% consistently entered in the same approximate position in the milking order. There was a slight tendency...

  15. Social behaviour and reproductive performance in semi-wild Scottish Highland cattle

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, C., Reinhardt, A., Reinhardt, V.

    Social behaviour and reproductive performance were assessed over a 4-yr period in a herd of semi-wild Scottish Highland cattle. Heifers first gave birth at 2 or 3 yr of age. Mating was found to occur in May and June with 91% of calvings in Mar.-Apr. coinciding with the spring flush of grass. The...

  16. Social licking pattern and its relationships to social dominance and live weight gain in weaned calves

    Contributor(s):: Sato, S.

    The social licking patterns of 43 Japanese Black (JB), Japanese Shorthorn (JS) and JS X JB heifers and steers were studied. It was found that the time an animal spent being licked by others was correlated with its weight gain (0.289 and 0.278 for heifers and steers resp.).

  17. Effects of confinement on social interaction patterns in dry sows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    Studies were carried out in 3 different herds, representing 3 different housing systems. In the first system (de-confinement), the animals were housed in groups of 5, with individual feeding stalls, a common dunging area and a common lying box (net floor area, 3.04 msuperscript 2/sow), in the...

  18. Social interactions in a group of free-ranging sows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P., Wood-Gush, D. G. M.

  19. Individual attributes as predictors of social status in small groups of laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, R. H.

    Physical traits (body weight, feather colour, comb size and comb colour) were investigated as predictors of social status (dominance, aggression and social interactiveness) in 4 groups each of 6 Ross Brown laying fowls. In the 1st group, there was a significant positive correlation between comb...

  20. The effects of design of individual stalls on the social behaviour and physiological responses related to the welfare of pregnant pigs

    Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Winfield, C. G.

    Plasma free-corticosteroid concentrations, aggressive behaviour and levels of motivation to interact socially and explore a novel environment were observed to test the hypothesis that the chronic stress response previously observed in tether-housed pigs may have been due to unresolved aggression...