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Neural mechanisms underlying human-animal interaction: An evolutionary perspective
Contributor(s):: Carter, C. Sue, Porges, Stephen W., Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Why do dogs bite?
Contributor(s):: Campbell, W. E.
Effects of a Program of Adapted Therapeutic Horse-Riding in a Group of Autism Spectrum Disorder Children
Contributor(s):: García-Gómez, Andrés, Risco, Manuel López, Rubio, Jesús Carlos, Guerrero, Eloisa, García-Peña, Inés Magdalena
Introduction: The use of horses in therapy has a fairly long history. There are many references to the therapeutic benefits of this activity. Such therapies have been undergoing a boom internationally in recent years. However scientific research into the effective use of this activity in children...
Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs
Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.
Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...
Behavioural decisions for managing social distance and aggression in captive polar bears ( Ursus maritimus )
Contributor(s):: Renner, M. J., Kelly, A. L.
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) in most zoos attracts high levels of public attention and can play an important role in conservation education. Polar bears in the wild are typically solitary; bears in captivity often house socially. This study reported behavioural evidence on how bears manage...
Comment on van Kerkhove's commentary
Contributor(s):: King, T.
Comment on "van Kerkhove's Commentary" [2004 this issue] noting that the author "cannot dismiss completely or comfortably the use of social dominance theory in behavior modification."
Response to comments
Contributor(s):: Kerkhove, W. van
Author's response to reviewers of his article, "A Fresh Look at the Wolf-Pack Theory of Companion-Animal Dog Social Behavior,} which appeared in this issue and "raised issues worthy of further consideration and investigation."
Socialization of a single hand-reared tiger cub
Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Bashaw, M. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Given the drawbacks of hand-rearing nonhuman animals in captivity, the practice is generally avoided, but it is sometimes necessary. A few scientific publications are available to guide managers toward best practices in hand-rearing, but the majority of articles focus on hand-rearing captive...
The concept of dominance and the treatment of aggression in multidog homes: a comment on van Kerkhove's commentary
Contributor(s):: Mertens, P. A.
Comment on "van Kerkhove's Commentary" [2004 this issue] relating to the concept of dominance and the treatment of aggression in multidog homes.
The dog in wolf's clothing?
Contributor(s):: Zawistowski, S., Patronek, G.
The authors' have asked three well-respected practitioners across the spectrum of those working in applied companion animal behavior to read van Kerkhove's Commentary [2004 this issue] and share their thoughts on the topic.
The effects of visitor density and intensity on the behavior of two captive jaguars ( Panthera onca )
Contributor(s):: Sellinger, R. L., Ha, J. C.
Several researchers have reported significant effects of visitor density and intensity on captive animal behavior. This study determined whether this was the case for 2 captive jaguars housed at the Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle, WA. Subjects were monitored for changes in behavior as a function of...
A study on the temperament type of puppies in the animated toy test with regard to their proper socialization and specific behaviour build-up
Contributor(s):: Stoycheva, I., Uzunova, K., Binev, R., Bivolarski, B., Georgieva, V., Rusenov, A., Slavov, T.
In order to typify their temperaments and facilitate their training and formation of desired behaviour, 24 7-week-old Pointer, Boxer, and German Shepherd puppies were tested twice in an ethological test. Emphasis was put on behavioural activities such as fear, orientation, purposefulness,...
Studies on socialization characteristics using two temperament tests in German Dogue, Doberman and Riesenschnautzer puppies
Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K. I., Stoycheva, I., Miteva, T., Binev, R., Ivanov, A., Rousenov, A., Penev, T.
The object of study was the influence of the nervous system type (temperament) of dogs from the German Dogue, Doberman, and Riesenschnautzer breeds on the extent of their socialization (adaptation to the environment). Two tests were used to examine the animals' behavior: the mirror test and the...
The visitor effect in petting zoo-housed animals: aversive or enriching?
Contributor(s):: Farrand, A., Hosey, G., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.
Two studies were carried out on the effect of visitors on mixed-breed goats, llama, and Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs housed in a petting zoo display within a safari park. In the first study we investigated the effect of the presence and density of visitors on the animals' behaviour and in the...
Age over experience: consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs
Contributor(s):: Clark, C. C. A., D'Eath, R. B.
Effects of age and group type on social behaviour of male western gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in North American zoos
Contributor(s):: Stoinski, T. S., Lukas, K. E., Kuhar, C. W.
Exploring aggression regulation in managed groups of horses Equus caballus
Contributor(s):: Fureix, C., Bourjade, M., Henry, S., Sankey, C., Hausberger, M.
Regurgitation and reingestion in bonobos (Pan paniscus): relationships between abnormal and social behavior
Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Tobey, J. R.
The effect of stallions on social interactions in domestic and semi feral harems
Contributor(s):: Granquist, S. M., Thorhallsdottir, A. G., Sigurjonsd, H.