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  1. Social Interaction with an "Unidentified Moving Object" Elicits A-Not-B Error in Domestic Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Anna B Compton, Ruth C Newberry, Adam Miklosi

    Mechanical “unidentified moving objects” (UMO’s) are useful for controlled investigations into features of social interaction that generate cooperativeness and positive social affiliation in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). We hypothesized that, if a UMO interacted socially...

  2. Hännänheilahduksia : koira-avusteisen työskentelyn pilottiprojekti Turun kaupungin ympärivuorokautisessa hoidossa olevien vanhusten parissa

    Contributor(s):: Johanna Lundén

    Kehittämistyön tarkoituksena oli seurata ja dokumentoida Turun kaupungin vanhusten ympärivuorokautisen hoidon yksiköissä toteutettavaa koira-avusteisen työskentelyn pilottiprojektia helmikuusta syyskuuhun 2012. Projekti tukee Green care ideologian...

  3. The Effects of Animal-Assisted Activities on the Social and Emotional Development of Young Children with Characteristics of Emotional Behavioral Disorders

    Contributor(s):: Elaine K. Schmid

    As emotional behavioral disorders become more prevalent throughout the school-age population, intervention during the early childhood ages is becoming key. Considering that social emotional delays are risk factors for emotional behavioral disorders and the evidence of social-emotional health in...

  4. Equinoterapia en niños con autismo

    Contributor(s):: Dr. Carlos Francisco Martinez Alvernia

    Introducción: Autismo es un trastorno del desarrollo caracterizado por compromiso en interacción social, habilidades de lenguaje, presentando rituales con estereotipias. Sin tratamientos curativos, actualmente se buscan terapias alternativas. Un incremento de la literatura...

  5. Habitus and responsible dog-ownership: reconsidering the health promotion implications of 'dog-shaped' holes in people's lives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Rogers, W., Riley, T.

    Responsible dog ownership has been identified as a point of intervention to promote physical activity, based upon an expectation of dog walking in public space. Nevertheless, quantitative research has found variability among owners in their dog walking. In this study, we explore the...

  6. The physiological and behavioural impact of sensory contact among unfamiliar adult mice in the laboratory

    | Contributor(s):: Rettich, A., Kasermann, H. P., Pelczar, P., Burki, K., Arras, M.

    Housing mice in the laboratory in groups enables social interaction and is the way a laboratory should house mice. However, adult males show reciprocal aggression and are therefore frequently housed individually. Alternatively, a grid divider, which allows sensory contact by sight and smell but...

  7. Use of enclosure space by captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha

    Captive nonhuman animals use enclosure space differentially. Enclosure features strongly influence this. This study recorded both the enclosure space used by 47 captive lion-tailed macaques housed in 13 zoos across India and the behaviour of the macaques. The exhibition of abnormal behaviors,...

  8. Sensing sociality in dogs: what may make an interactive robot social?

    | Contributor(s):: Lakatos, G., Janiak, M., Malek, L., Muszynski, R., Konok, V., Tchon, K., Miklosi, A.

    This study investigated whether dogs would engage in social interactions with an unfamiliar robot, utilize the communicative signals it provides and to examine whether the level of sociality shown by the robot affects the dogs' performance. We hypothesized that dogs would react to the...

  9. Special Troopers Adaptive Riding School (S.T.A.R.S. Inc.)

    The Special Troopers Adaptive Riding School is an organization that provides therapeutic horseback riding, canine services, and other animal-assisted activities to individuals with physical, cognitive, emotional, behavioral, or social challenges.

  10. Social behaviors increase in children with autism in the presence of animals compared to toys

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marguerite E. O'Haire, Samantha J. McKenzie, Alan M. Beck, Virginia Slaughter

    Background Previous research has demonstrated the capacity of animal presence to stimulate social interaction among humans. The purpose of this study was to examine the interactions of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with an adult and their typically-developing peers in the...

  11. Companion animals and personality: a study of preference

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Levinson, James L. Dupree (adviser)

    This study explored Extraversion personality differences among people who prefer dogs, people who prefer cats, people who prefer both, and people who prefer neither. Participants were 120 students from the Psychology Department Participation Pool at Humboldt State University. Personality was...

  12. The impact of different dog-related stimuli on engagement of persons with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Marcia S. Marx, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Natalie G. Regier, Maha Dakheel-Ali, Ashok Srihari, Khin Thein

    Objective: To provide further empirical evaluation of the effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy in nursing home residents with dementia. Methods: Participants were 56 residents of 2 suburban Maryland nursing homes and had a diagnosis. Activities of daily living performance was assessed via the...

  13. The domestication of social cognition in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Hare, B., Brown, M., Williamson, C., Tomasello, M.

    Dogs are more skillful than great apes at a number of tasks in which they must read human communicative signals indicating the location of hidden food. In this study, we found that wolves who were raised by humans do not show these same skills, whereas domestic dog puppies only a few weeks old,...

  14. The pet connection: pets as a conduit for social capital?

    | Contributor(s):: Wood, L., Giles-Corti, B., Bulsara, M.

    There is growing interest across a range of disciplines in the relationship between pets and health, with a range of therapeutic, physiological, psychological and psychosocial benefits now documented. While much of the literature has focused on the individual benefits of pet ownership, this study...

  15. Individual differences in behaviour and in adrenocortical activity in beef-suckler cows

    | Contributor(s):: Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Menke, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The aims of this study were to investigate the existence of individual behavioural strategies in beef-suckler cows in a stable herd, whether these strategies are related to basic activities and to adrenocortical activity, and whether they are consistent in a situation of social competition....

  16. Preliminary comparisons of male/male interactions within bachelor and breeding groups of western lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)

    | Contributor(s):: Pullen, P. K.

    The establishment of bachelor groups of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in captivity was considered to be a necessary husbandry step in response to growing concern within the European and North American cooperative breeding programmes that breeding situations are limited...

  17. Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal

    During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...

  18. The effects of the presence of a dog on the social interactions of children with developmental disabilities

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Walters

    The effects of the presence of a dog on the social interactions between children with developmental disabilities and their teacher were analyzed in this study. We examined whether the presentation of a dog would improve the social interactions of three children with developmental disabilities. A...

  19. The way to a man's heart is through his stomach: What about horses?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carol Sankey, Séverine Henry, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda, Marie-Annick Richard-Yris, Martine Hausberger

    BackgroundHow do we bond to one another? While in some species, like humans, physical contact plays a role in the process of attachment, it has been suggested that tactile contact's value may greatly differ according to the species considered. Nevertheless, grooming is often considered as a...

  20. Therapeutic applications of the human-companion animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Ormerod, E. J., Edney, A. T. B., Foster, S. J., Whyham, M. C.

    Better understanding of the human-companion animal bond (HCAB) has resulted in a number of initiatives to help people with diverse health and social needs. The authors of this article trace the history of the HCAB, and discuss current programmes and key requirements for their success.