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  1. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the...

  2. Network characteristics and development of social structure of agonistic behaviour in pigs across three repeated rehousing and mixing events

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, K., Scheffler, K., Czycholl, I., Krieter, J.

    In commercial pig production, the mixing of unacquainted pigs is a standard procedure which leads to agonistic interactions with a wide range of individual pig behaviour. A reduction in these agonistic interactions positively affects animal health, welfare aspects and production parameters. With...

  3. Comparative study of trophic behaviour and herd structure in wild and feral goats living in a Mediterranean island: management implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rivera-Sanchez, L., Cassinello Roldan, J., Baraza Ruiz, E., BartolomeFilella, J.

    The aim of this study was to compare the trophic behaviour and the social structure of Majorcan wild goats and feral goats present in the island of Majorca. The former are descendants of an ancestral goat ecotype introduced in the island in the late Neolithic, whereas feral goats come from...

  4. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    | Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  5. `Ask the beasts, and they shall teach thee': The human lessons of Charles Willson Peale's natural

    | Contributor(s):: Brigham, David R.

  6. Cat culture, human culture: an ethnographic study of a cat shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. M Alger, S. F Alger

    This study explores the value of traditional ethnographic methods in sociology for the study of human-animal and animal-animal interactions and culture. Itargues that some measure of human-animal intersubjectivity is possible and that the method of participant observation is best suited to...

  7. A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes

    | Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.

  8. Factors affecting feeding order and social tolerance to kittens in the group-living feral cat (Felis catus)

    | Contributor(s):: Yamane, A., Emoto, J., Ota, N.

    Three feeding sites on Ainoshima Island, located 7 km off the coast of Shingu (Fukuoka Prefecture) and 3 feeding groups of feral cats (Felis catus) were used in experiments conducted from 23 November to 29 December 1993 from 05.00 to 07.00 h and 16.00 to 18.00 h. Members of each feeding group...

  9. Social order measured in pasture and pen conditions and its relationship to sexual behavior in Brahman (Bos indicus) cows

    | Contributor(s):: Orihuela, A., Galina, C. S.

    The social order of 20 non-lactating, non-pregnant Brahman cows (2-6 years old) was determined by recording content and outcome of all agonistic interactions. The herd was observed at pasture for 1.5 h and in a yard for 2 h per day. This routine was undertaken every other day from 06.00 to 18.00...

  10. Effects of a running wheel-igloo enrichment on aggression, hierarchy linearity, and stereotypy in group-housed male CD-1 (ICR) mice

    | Contributor(s):: Howerton, C. L., Garner, J. P., Mench, J. A.

    Environmental enrichment is an important strategy to improve the welfare of laboratory animals. Running wheels might serve as enrichment devices for laboratory mice, since mice use them extensively when they are provided. However, competition among group-housed mice for such highly preferred...

  11. Low incidence of aggression in large flocks of laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Hughes, B. O., Carmichael, N. L., Walker, A. W., Grigor, P. N.

    The incidence of agonistic interactions was determined in a free range system with 700 birds and in a perchery system with 10 flocks of 300 birds. In both systems aggressive behaviour and agonistic interactions were infrequent. In the perchery, when the doors between adjacent pens of 300 laying...

  12. Review of 'From genes to animal behavior: Social structures, personalities, communication by color'

    | Contributor(s):: Edenbrow, Mathew

  13. Epidemiology of domestic cat behavioral and welfare issues: a survey of Brazilian referral animal hospitals in 2009

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Souza-Dantas, L. M. de, Soares, G. M., D'Almeida, J. M., Paixao, R. L.

    Few feline behavioral categories, especially concerning their social behavior, have been studied so far. These include: the domestic cat social structure, relationships among individuals and communication among social groups. However, cats have become popular companion animals in many countries...

  14. Effects of separation of resources on behaviour of high-, medium- and low-ranked hens in furnished cages

    | Contributor(s):: Shimmura, T., Eguchi, Y., Uetake, K., Tanaka, T.

    In our previous studies, we demonstrated that dominant hens had priority in using the dust bath, resulted in increased competition for the resource. It seemed that the problem was that the resource was placed on one side of the cage ('localised'). Therefore, we designed a medium-sized...

  15. Changes in temporal and spatial associations between pairs of cattle during the process of familiarisation

    | Contributor(s):: Patison, K. P., Swain, D. L., Bishop-Hurley, G. J., Robins, G., Pattison, P., Reid, D. J.

    Mixing unfamiliar individuals is a common practice in livestock production systems. However, a change in social structure can create social stresses, which can adversely affect animal welfare and reduce production. In this study, social interaction metrics were used to investigate interaction and...

  16. High-ranking mares of captive plains zebra Equus burchelli have greater reproductive success than low-ranking mares

    | Contributor(s):: Pluhacek, J., Bartos, L., Culik, L.

    Plains zebra live in harems that include one to six adult mares. Between these mares is a strong order of social hierarchy. The social rank of an equid mare is typically correlated with her age. Further, high-ranking captive plains zebra mares produce more surviving offspring than low-ranking...

  17. Non-human primate behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Calle, P. P.