Comparative study of trophic behaviour and herd structure in wild and feral goats living in a Mediterranean island: management implications
Contributor(s):: Rivera-Sanchez, L., Cassinello Roldan, J., Baraza Ruiz, E., BartolomeFilella, J.
The aim of this study was to compare the trophic behaviour and the social structure of Majorcan wild goats and feral goats present in the island of Majorca. The former are descendants of an ancestral goat ecotype introduced in the island in the late Neolithic, whereas feral goats come from...
Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?
Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.
In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...
Differences in serotonin serum concentration between aggressive English cocker spaniels and aggressive dogs of other breeds
Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Brech, S. le, Camps, T., Torrente, C., Mariotti, V. M., Ruiz, J. L., Manteca, X.
The epidemiology of behavioural problems in dogs and cats: a survey of veterinary practitioners
Contributor(s):: Fatjo, J., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.
Indices for estimation of dairy free-stall occupancy
Contributor(s):: Carreira, X. C., Fernandez, M. E., Marino, R. A.
The objective of this study was to obtain variables that enabled estimation of variation in stall occupancy times based on the cow-to-stall ratio. First, stall use by Holstein-Friesian cows was analyzed on 16 farms in Galicia, Northwest Spain, by continuously recording cow behavior for 24 h....
Influence of the pairing system on the behaviour of farmed red-legged partridge couples ( Alectoris rufa )
Contributor(s):: Alonso, M. E., Prieto, R., Gaudioso, V. R., Perez, J. A., Bartolome, D., Diez, C.
Approximately four million red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) are released in Spain each year for repopulation or hunting purposes, all produced on intensive farming facilities under a forced pairing system. We studied the ethological response differences between two types of red-legged...
Potential risk factors associated with feline behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Fatjo, J., Mariotti, V. M., Wijk, S. van, Manteca, X.
A retrospective study was carried out on feline behaviour problems presented at the Animal Behaviour Clinic at the Barcelona School of Veterinary Medicine to identify the main risk factors. Three hundred thirty six cats presented for a behaviour problem between 1998 and 2006 were included in the...
Proceedings of a workshop to identify dog welfare issues in the US, Japan, Czech Republic, Spain and the UK
Contributor(s):: Houpt, K. A., Goodwin, D., Uchida, Y., Baranyiova, E., Fatjo, J., Kakuma, Y.
The aims of this paper are first to review scientific and ethical considerations regarding the welfare of dogs in the US, UK, Czech Republic, Spain and Japan, as well as to examine research perspectives of people working within the field of applied ethology. As a guide, the Five Freedoms should...
Behavior of the Murciano-Granadina goat in the hour before parturition
Contributor(s):: Ramirez, A., Quiles, A., Hevia, M., Sotillo, F.
The preparturient behaviour of 90 Murciano-Granadina goats (33 of which had single and 57 twin births) was studied during the last hour before parturition. The goats were under free-stall management with access to an adjacent outdoor enclosure. The main activities performed by the goats in the...
Size-biased foraging behaviour in feral cattle
Contributor(s):: Lazo, A., Soriguer, R. C.
The foraging behaviour of a feral cattle population in southwest Spain was studied from August 1988 to December 1989. Descriptive variables of intake behaviour (i.e. bite rate, step rate and bite/step ratio) were influenced by extrinsic factors (feed availability and type of plant community) and...
Spacing and social organization: urban stray dogs revisited
Contributor(s):: Font, E.
Different aspects of the etho-ecology of the stray dog population in Valencia (Spain) were investigated. Densities of between 127 and 1304 stray dogs/kmsuperscript 2 overlap with density estimates reported for other populations. A male:female ratio of 2:1 is also in agreement with earlier...
Ethogram of selected behaviors initiated by free-ranging short-finned pilot whales ( Globicephala macrorhynchus ) and directed to human swimmers during open water encounters
Contributor(s):: Scheer, M., Hofmann, B., Behr, I. P.
In order to establish an ethogram of interactive behaviors initiated by free-ranging short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus) and directed to human swimmers, we initiated encounters with non-habituated pilot whale groups during open water encounters southwest of Tenerife, Canary...
Behavioural effects of social mixing at different stocking densities in prepubertal lambs
Contributor(s):: Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.
The behavioural effects of stocking density and mixing individuals from 2 different flocks were studied in 80 prepubertal lambs of about 20 kg body weight kept at either low (1 lamb/m) or high (3.3 lambs/m) stocking densities, similar to conditions experienced during transport. At both densities,...
Benefits of training/playing therapy in a group of captive lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )
Contributor(s):: Carrasco, L., Colell, M., Calvo, M., Abello, M. T., Velasco, M., Posada, S.
Animal well-being and enrichment continue to gain importance in the maintenance of primates living in captivity. Positive reinforcement training (PRT) and/or playing interaction have been shown to be effective in improving the well-being of several species of primates. This research study...
Morphological changes in European goldfinches ( Carduelis carduelis ) released by bird trappers
Contributor(s):: Dominguez, J., Vidal, M., Tapia, L.
In Spain, several Autonomous Communities have granted licenses to capture European goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis parva) during the post-breeding period, from August to December. In Galicia (NW Spain) and other Autonomous Communities, after 5-7 months of captivity, many birds are released. We...
Welfare assessment of captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus ) and Indian rhinoceros ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) using salivary cortisol measurement
Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Mauri, M.
The measurement of salivary cortisol allows non-invasive assessment of welfare in captive animals. We utilised this technique to test the effect of zoo opening on six Asian elephants and two Indian rhinoceros at the Terra Natura Zoological Park, Alicante, Spain, during pre-opening, opening and...