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  1. Effacing the human: Rachel Rosenthal, rats and shared creative agency

    Contributor(s):: Carrie Rohman

  2. When dogs look back: inhibition of independent problem-solving behaviour in domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) compared with wolves ( Canis lupus)

    Contributor(s):: Udell, M. A. R.

    Domestic dogs have been recognized for their social sensitivity and aptitude in human-guided tasks. For example, prior studies have demonstrated that dogs look to humans when confronted with an unsolvable task; an action often interpreted as soliciting necessary help. Conversely, wolves persist...

  3. And say the cat responded? Getting closer to the feline gaze

    Contributor(s):: White, K.

  4. Animals in war, animals on war: new perspectives from a theater of species

    Contributor(s):: Chaudhuri, U.

  5. The effect of morphine on changes in behaviour and physiology in intraperitoneally vaccinated Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar)

    Contributor(s):: Nordgreen, J., Bjorge, M. H., Janczak, A. M., Poppe, T., Koppang, E. O., Ranheim, B., Horsberg, T. E.

  6. The evolution of social play

    Contributor(s):: Pellis, Sergio M., Pellis, Vivien C., Reinhart, Christine J.

  7. Do the stereotypies of pigs, chickens and mink reflect adaptive species differences in the control of foraging?

    Contributor(s):: Mason, G., Mendl, M.

    Species differences in food-related stereotypies and natural foraging behaviour are discussed, and evolutionary explanations for these species differences, and reasons why apparent species differences in stereotypy may be artefacts of husbandry are postulated.

  8. A survey assessment of variables related to stereotypy in captive giraffe and okapi

    Contributor(s):: Bashaw, M. J., Tarou, L. R., Maki, T. S., Maple, T. L.

    Stereotypic behaviour has been investigated in a wide variety of animals, but little published information is available on this problem in captive exotic ungulates. A survey was used to gather information on the prevalence of stereotypic behaviour in giraffe and okapi and to identify variables...

  9. Effects of mixed-species stocking and space allowance on the behaviour and growth of red deer hinds and ewes at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Blanc, F., Theriez, M., Brelurut, A.

    A study was conducted to test whether the effects of space allowance on social interactions, activity patterns and growth rates of hinds reared at pasture in single-species groups, were modified by mixing them with ewes. 30 red deer hinds (10 months old) from the same breeding group and 30 ewes...

  10. Factor analysis of behaviour in the porcine and murine elevated plus-maze models of anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Janczak, A. M., Andersen, I. L., Boe, K. E., Faerevik, G., Bakken, M.

    The elevated plus-maze, a widely used and well-validated test for studying anxiety-related behaviour in rodents, has recently been suggested for studying anxiety- or fear-related behaviour in swine. There are, however, clear evolutionary, and thus behavioural differences, between these two...

  11. Attachment to humans: a comparative study on hand-reared wolves and differently socialized dog puppies

    Contributor(s):: Topal, J., Gacsi, M., Miklosi, A., Viranyi, Z., Kubinyi, E., Csanyi, V.

  12. A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.

    Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...

  13. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...

  14. Sexual stimulation in male sheep and goats

    Contributor(s):: Price, E. O., Borgwardt, R., Orihuela, A., Dally, M. R.

    Previous research has shown that the sexual performance of male goats is enhanced by viewing the mating activities of other males prior to being placed with sexually receptive females. This same experience has no effect on the sexual performance of male sheep. In this experiment, 14 male goats...

  15. Site use of grazing cattle and sheep in a large-scale pasture landscape: a GPS/GIS assessment

    Contributor(s):: Putfarken, D., Dengler, J., Lehmann, S., Hardtle, W.

    Year-round mixed-species grazing at low densities in large-scale pasture systems has become a popular conservation concept as it is assumed to maintain the valuable biodiversity of semi-open cultural landscapes. This study aims to elucidate which vegetation types are preferentially grazed by...

  16. Analysing dominance relationships by sociometric methods - a plea for a more standardized and precise approach in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Puppe, B.

    Social dominance is a multidimensional phenomenon occurring in all gregarious farm animals and finds its reflection in a dominance hierarchy. Hence, numerous studies have tried to analyse dominance relationships as well as to correlate outcoming results (mostly individual ranks) with other...

  17. Comparative foraging strategies of sheep and goats in a T-maze apparatus

    Contributor(s):: Hosoi, E., Swift, D. M., Rittenhouse, L. R., Richards, R. W.

    The foraging behaviour of 8 sheep and 11 goats was studied using a T-maze. In experiment 1, animals were given two free choices in the maze. In each case, selection of either arm would result in their obtaining high quality feed, a situation classified as a 'win'. Both species tended to return to...

  18. Prototypes connect human diabetes with feline and canine diabetes in the context of animal-human bonds: an anthropological analysis

    Contributor(s):: Rock, M., Babinec, P.

    This study explored whether previous experiences with human diabetes influenced how people perceived and responded to the onset of diabetes in a companion animal, and if the experience of diabetic pet care might influence people's thinking and actions in relation to human health. We conducted a...

  19. Feeding gum arabic to New World monkeys: species differences and palatability

    Contributor(s):: Herron, S., Price, E., Wormell, D.

    Members of the New World primate genera Callithrix and Cebuella have specializations for eating plant exudates. Exudates are also an important component of the diets of many other callitrichid species in the wild, especially at times of nutritional stress. Gum arabic is fed daily to all marmosets...

  20. Pacing polar bears and stoical sheep: testing ecological and evolutionary hypotheses about animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Clubb, R., Mason, G.

    Responses to potential threats to welfare vary greatly between species. Even closely related animals often differ in their fear of humans and/or novelty; their behavioural responses to pain; and when captive, their overall welfare and the form and frequency of their stereotypies. Such species...