The Impact of Equine Therapy and an Audio-Visual Approach Emphasizing Rhythm and Beat Perception in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder
Contributor(s):: Hession, C. E., Law Smith, M. J., Watterson, D., Oxley, N., Murphy, B. A.
Neural correlates for perception of companion animal photographs
| Contributor(s):: Hayama, S., Chang, L., Gumus, K., King, G. R., Ernst, T.
Anthrozoological neuroscience, which we propose as the use of neuroscience techniques to study human-animal interaction, may help to elucidate mechanisms underlying the associated psychological, physiological, and other purported health effects. This preliminary study investigates the neural...
The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked
| Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.
The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...
Perceiving emotions in human-human and human-animal interactions: Hemodynamic prefrontal activity (fNIRS) and empathic concern
| Contributor(s):: Vanutelli, M. E., Balconi, M.
Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)
| Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.
Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...
Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight
| Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...
The influence of neonatal environment on piglet play behaviour and post-weaning social and cognitive development
| Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E., Ison, S. H., Baxter, E. M.
Research has shown that the domestic pig is highly playful throughout its development and that play is an important aspect of social and cognitive development. Therefore, the neonatal environment is fundamental to successful stimulation of play in neonatal pigs, which could have indirect and...
A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit
| Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.
This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...
Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )
| Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.
The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...
The use of positive reinforcement in training zebra sharks ( Stegostoma fasciatum)
| Contributor(s):: Marranzino, A.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) was used on 4 adult zebra sharks, Stegostoma fasciatum, housed at the Downtown Aquarium, Denver, to determine the ability of zebra sharks to become desensitized to various stimuli associated with veterinary procedures. One male and 3 female sharks were...
Evaluation of factors affecting emotional responses in zoo visitors and the impact of emotion on conservation mindedness
| Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Bullock, E. V. W.
Creating experiences for visitors that increase their biological knowledge and inspire conservation mindedness is a critical task for zoos and aquariums. A growing body of literature suggests that emotional stimulation is affected by characteristics of both the visitor and the visitor's...
Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep
| Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...
Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs
| Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.
Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...
Periods of early development and the effects of stimulation and social experiences in the canine
| Contributor(s):: Battaglia, C. L.
It is not capacity that explains the differences that exist between individuals, because most seem to have far more capacity than they will ever use. The differences that exist between individuals seem to be related to something else. Researchers have studied these phenomena and have looked for...
A survey of stakeholders' opinions on the priority issues affecting the welfare of companion dogs in Great Britain
| Contributor(s):: Buckland, E. L., Whiting, M. C., Abeyesinghe, S. M., Asher, L., Corr, S., Wathes, C. M.
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
| Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
How "natural" training methods can affect equine mental state? A critical approach - a review
| Contributor(s):: Rozempolska-Rucinska, I., Trojan, M., Kosik, E., Prochniak, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A.
Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids
| Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.
The acquisition and maintenance of dogs' aversion responses to kiwi (Apteryx spp.) training stimuli across time and locations
| Contributor(s):: Dale, A. R., Statham, S., Podlesnik, C. A., Elliffe, D.
Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.