Influence of dog presence on the tolerance and evaluation of aversive stimulation
Contributor(s):: Laura Sodre Galvao Garcia
This study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence of a domestic dog in the evaluation and tolerance of auditory aversive stimulation. Eighteen undergraduate college students participated. We analysed the latency of escape response from the aversive sounds and evaluation of the session...
The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked
Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.
The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...
Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)
Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.
Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...
Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight
Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...
The influence of neonatal environment on piglet play behaviour and post-weaning social and cognitive development
Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E., Ison, S. H., Baxter, E. M.
Research has shown that the domestic pig is highly playful throughout its development and that play is an important aspect of social and cognitive development. Therefore, the neonatal environment is fundamental to successful stimulation of play in neonatal pigs, which could have indirect and...
A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit
Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.
This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...
Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )
Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.
The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...
Evaluation of factors affecting emotional responses in zoo visitors and the impact of emotion on conservation mindedness
Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Bullock, E. V. W.
Creating experiences for visitors that increase their biological knowledge and inspire conservation mindedness is a critical task for zoos and aquariums. A growing body of literature suggests that emotional stimulation is affected by characteristics of both the visitor and the visitor's...
Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep
Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...
Evaluating the effect of early neurological stimulation on the development and training of mine detection dogs
Contributor(s):: Schoon, A., Berntsen, T. G.
Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been proposed to enhance the natural abilities of dogs. This kind of stimulation involves subjecting pups aged between 3 and 16 days to mild forms of stimulation leading to "stress," and is said to lead to faster maturation and better problem-solving...
Periods of early development and the effects of stimulation and social experiences in the canine
Contributor(s):: Battaglia, C. L.
It is not capacity that explains the differences that exist between individuals, because most seem to have far more capacity than they will ever use. The differences that exist between individuals seem to be related to something else. Researchers have studied these phenomena and have looked for...
A survey of stakeholders' opinions on the priority issues affecting the welfare of companion dogs in Great Britain
Contributor(s):: Buckland, E. L., Whiting, M. C., Abeyesinghe, S. M., Asher, L., Corr, S., Wathes, C. M.
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
How "natural" training methods can affect equine mental state? A critical approach - a review
Contributor(s):: Rozempolska-Rucinska, I., Trojan, M., Kosik, E., Prochniak, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A.
Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids
Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.
The acquisition and maintenance of dogs' aversion responses to kiwi (Apteryx spp.) training stimuli across time and locations
Contributor(s):: Dale, A. R., Statham, S., Podlesnik, C. A., Elliffe, D.
Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare
Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.
Measuring the success of a farm animal welfare education event
Contributor(s):: Jamieson, J., Reiss, M. J., Allen, D., Asher, L., Wathes, C. M., Abeyesinghe, S. M.
Pain perception at slaughter
Contributor(s):: Johnson, C. B., Gibson, T. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.
Human-animal interaction, stress, and embryo production in Bos indicus embryo donors under tropical conditions
Contributor(s):: Macedo, G. G., Zuccari Neto, C. E. S., Abreu, U. G. P. de, Negrao, J. A., Costa e Silva, E. V. da
This study investigated the effect of human-animal interaction (HAI) and the stress response on the quality of embryo production in superovulated Nelore (Bos indicus) cattle, under tropical conditions. Thirty-two females underwent a superovulation protocol for 5 days. Cortisol concentrations were...