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Tags: stocking density + Mammals

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  1. Exploration Feeding and Higher Space Allocation Improve Welfare of Growing-Finishing Pigs

    Contributor(s):: Herman M Vermeer, Nienke CPMM Dirx-Kuijken, Marc BM Bracke

    Lack of environmental enrichment and high stocking densities in growing-finishing pigs can lead to adverse social behaviors directed to pen mates, resulting in skin lesions, lameness, and tail biting. The objective of the study was to improve animal welfare and prevent biting behavior in an...

  2. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  3. Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.

    Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....

  4. The ethics of a co-regulatory model for farm animal welfare research

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Petherick, J. C.

    Standards for farm animal welfare are variously managed at a national level by government-led regulatory control, by consumer-led welfare economics and co-regulated control in a partnership between industry and government. In the latter case the control of research to support animal welfare...

  5. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  6. Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment

    Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.

    In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...

  7. 'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs

    Contributor(s):: Harding, S.

  8. Motivation for group housing in gestating sows

    Contributor(s):: Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.

  9. The effect of housing system on the behaviour and growth parameters of fattening rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Postollec, G., Boilletot, E., Maurice, R., Michel, V.

  10. A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.

  11. Diet preference for grass and legumes in free-ranging domestic sheep and cattle: current theory and future application

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M.

    This paper reviews the current theory and potential practical applications of research on the diet preference for grass and legumes in grazing domestic sheep and cattle. Although much of this work has focussed on grass and clover as a model system, it has wider theoretical implications and...

  12. Effect of cage height on the welfare of growing rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Princz, Z., Radnai, I., Biro-Nemeth, E., Matics, Z., Gerencser, Z., Nagy, I., Szendro, Z.

    The objective of this study was to analyse the preference of rabbits for cages of various heights, their production and occurrence of ear lesions. Experiments were conducted at the University of Kaposvar with Pannon White rabbits. In experiments 1 and 2 (preference test) growing rabbits (n=112) -...

  13. Effects of space allowance on the grazing behaviour and spacing of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Shellard, L. J. F., Smart, T. S.

    In each of two experiments, four groups of 10 female Scottish Blackface sheep grazed for 2 weeks at each of four space allowances, according to a Greco-Latin Square design. Space allowances were 80, 100, 133 or 200 m2 per head in experiment 1 and 50, 67, 100 or 200 m2 per head in experiment 2....

  14. Interdependence of welfare outcome measures and potential confounding factors on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The factors influencing the observed prevalence of some welfare outcome measures were investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40 kg) on six farms...

  15. Sheep lose balance, slip and fall less when loosely packed in transit where they stand close to but not touching their neighbours

    Contributor(s):: Jones, T. A., Waitt, C., Dawkins, M. S.

    There are two opposing views about the space required for sheep in transit. One is that they should be transported at low space (high stocking density) and avoid slipping or falling by bracing themselves against each other. The other is that they should be transported at high space (low stocking...

  16. Synthetic lying mats may improve lying comfort of gestating sows

    | Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, F. A. M., Wouters, F., Struelens, S., Sonck, B., Duchateau, L.

    A prototype lying mat as an alternative to straw bedding for improving sow lying comfort was evaluated using a dynamic group of 47 gestating sows housed in a pen with 5 communal lying areas. Mats were installed in 3 lying areas while the concrete floors of the remaining lying areas remained...

  17. Effect of stocking density on the short-term behavioural responses of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Hill, C. T., Krawczel, P. D., Dann, H. M., Ballard, C. S., Hovey, R. C., Falls, W. A., Grant, R. J.

    The objective of this research was to measure the effects of increased stocking density of stalls and headlocks on the short-term behavioural responses of lactating Holstein cows. Multiparous (n=92) and primiparous (n=44) cows were assigned to four pens of 34 cows each and stocking densities...

  18. Effects of density on displacement, falls, injuries, and orientation during horse transportation

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, M. N., Friend, T. H., Jousan, F. D., Chen, S. C.

    30 mares and 29 geldings were used to determine density effects on displacement (distance moved during a stop), falls, injuries and orientation using a single-deck, open-topped commercial semi-trailer. Each horse was assigned to 1 of 2 treatments: high density (1.28 msuperscript 2/horse with 14...

  19. Foraging behaviour of growing pigs on grassland in relation to stocking rate and feed crude protein level

    | Contributor(s):: Andresen, N., Redbo, I.

    The foraging behaviour of pigs was studied with the aim of using this as a resource in a cropping system. Twenty Landrace x Yorkshire x Hampshire growing pigs, divided into 4 groups, were observed for 3 weeks during the summer of 1995 at Ekhaga Research Farm, east of Uppsala. The pigs had an...

  20. Indices for estimation of dairy free-stall occupancy

    | Contributor(s):: Carreira, X. C., Fernandez, M. E., Marino, R. A.

    The objective of this study was to obtain variables that enabled estimation of variation in stall occupancy times based on the cow-to-stall ratio. First, stall use by Holstein-Friesian cows was analyzed on 16 farms in Galicia, Northwest Spain, by continuously recording cow behavior for 24 h....