The Effectiveness of Dog Population Management: A Systematic Review
| Contributor(s):: Lauren M. Smith, Sabine Hartmann, Alexandru M. Munteanu, Paolo Dalla Villa, Rupert J. Quinnell, Lisa M. Collins
The worldwide population of domestic dogs is estimated at approximately 700 million, with around 75% classified as “free-roaming”. Where free-roaming dogs exist in high densities, there are significant implications for public health, animal welfare, and wildlife. Approaches to...
Using Genetics to Evaluate the Success of a Feral Cat (Felis catus) Control Program in North-Western Australia
| Contributor(s):: Saul Cowen, Lucy Clausen, Dave Algar, Sarah Comer
The feral cat has been implicated in the decline and extinction of many species worldwide and a range of strategies have been devised for its control. A five-year control program using the aerial broadcast of toxic Eradicat® baits was undertaken at Fortescue Marsh in the Pilbara region...
Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting
| Contributor(s):: Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo
Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...
Neutering Effects on Social Behaviour of Urban Unowned Free-Roaming Domestic Cats
| Contributor(s):: Simona Cafazzo, Roberto Bonanni, Eugenia Natoli
The “trap, spay/neuter, and release” programs to manage unowned free-roaming cat populations are diffused worldwide and they are largely advised even in countries where the suppression of unowned cats is enforced by law. Despite the massive neutering campaigns in the world, there is...
Bad dog: feral and free-roaming dogs as agents of conflict
| Contributor(s):: Julie K. Young, D. L. Bergman, M. Ono
Domestic dogs are ubiquitous where humans reside. While typically considered a companion animal, their ability to thrive as feral and free-roaming animals often results in conflict with wildlife and is an impediment to conservation goals (Gompper, 2013). Home, Bhatnagar & Vanak (2018)...
'stray appetites': a socio-ecological analysis of free-ranging dogs living alongside human communities in Bangalore, India
| Contributor(s):: Bhalla, S. J., Kemmers, R., Vasques, A., Vanak, A. T.
Population Characteristics of Cats Adopted from an Urban Cat Shelter and the Influence of Physical Traits and Reason for Surrender on Length of Stay
| Contributor(s):: Hannah Miller, Michael Ward, Julia A. Beatty
Measures aimed at reducing the length of stay (LOS) of cats in shelters can promote animal welfare and more efficient use of resources. The extent to which variables shown to impact LOS are broadly applicable is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe a population of cats adopted from an...
Back to School: An Updated Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Long-Term Trap-Neuter-Return Program on a University's Free-Roaming Cat Population
| Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf
A growing body of evidence indicates that trap-neuter-return (TNR) is not only effective at reducing community cat numbers, but that such reductions are sustainable over extended periods. Recently, a series of peer-reviewed articles documenting long-term declines in community cat populations...
Comparison of Outcome Data for Shelter Dogs and Cats in the Czech Republic
| Contributor(s):: Veronika Vojtkovská, Eva Voslárová, Vladimír Vecerek
Animal protection, which also comprises the subject of abandoned and stray animals, has become a pressing and widely discussed topic. The aim of this study was to compare dogs and cats from two shelters in a selected region of the Czech Republic, based on factors that affect the length of stay....
Coexistence of diversified dog socialities and territorialities in the city of Concepcion, Chile
| Contributor(s):: Miternique, H. C., Gaunet, F.
Predation and Risk Behaviors of Free-Roaming Owned Cats in Auckland, New Zealand via the Use of Animal-Borne Cameras
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie J. Bruce, Sarah Zito, M. Carolyn Gates, Glenn Aguilar, Jessica K. Walker, Nick Goldwater, Arnja Dale
Free-roaming cats are at increased risk of injuring themselves as well as other domestic and fauna species, yet relatively little is known about the frequency at which risk and predation behaviors occur in a typical day. In this study, cat risk, and predation behavioral information was...
The Significance of Social Perceptions in Implementing Successful Feral Cat Management Strategies: A Global Review
| Contributor(s):: Brooke P. Deak, Bertram Ostendorf, David A. Taggart, David E. Peacock, Douglas K. Bardsley
This review examines the social aspects that influence feral cat management. In particular, it examines definitions and perceptions of feral cats as a species in different countries and across cultures. Using case studies from around the world, we investigate the factors that can influence...
Scoping review of indicators and methods of measurement used to evaluate the impact of dog population management interventions
| Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Kate Nattrass Atema, Rebecca Brimley, Alexandra Hammond-Seaman, Mark Jones, Andrew Rowan, Emelie Fogelberg, Mark Kennedy, Deepashree Balaram, Louis Nel, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend, Tiziana Lembo, Nicola Rooney, Helen Rebecca Whay, Joy Pritchard, Jane Murray, Lisa van Dijk, Natalie Waran, Heather Bacon, Darryn Knobel, Lou Tasker, Chris Baker, Lex Hiby
Background: Dogs are ubiquitous in human society and attempts to manage their populations are common to most countries. Managing dog populations is achieved through a range of interventions to suit the dog population dynamics and dog ownership characteristics of the location, with a number...
Editorial: Sustaining Innovation in Compassionate Free-Roaming Cat Management Across the Globe: A Decadal Reappraisal of the Practice and Promise of Trap-Neuter-Vaccinate-Return (TNVR)
| Contributor(s):: Joan E. Schaffner, Geoffrey Wandesforde-Smith, Peter Joseph Wolf, Julie Levy, Sophie Riley, Mark James Farnworth6
Implementing Nonlethal Solutions for Free-Roaming Cat Management in a County in the Southeastern United States
| Contributor(s):: Francis Hamilton
From 2006 to 2017, stray or free-roaming cats ranged from 35 to 54% of all animals going into the public shelter in Hillsborough County, Florida. Shelter overcrowding of cats, including free-roaming, feral, or community cats, is a major problem in parts of the world. Issues with free-roaming...
Reply to Crawford et al.: Why Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) Is an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat Management
| Contributor(s):: Peter J. Wolf, Jacquie Rand, Helen Swarbrick, Daniel D. Spehar, Jade Norris
The recently published article, ‘A Case of Letting the Cat out of the Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management,’ by Crawford et al. warrants rebuttal. The case presented in the paper, opposing the initiation of TNR trials in...
Change the Humans First: Principles for Improving the Management of Free-Roaming Cats
| Contributor(s):: Lynette J. McLeod, Donald W. Hine, Aaron B. Driver
In Australia, free-roaming cats can be found in urban and rural areas across the country. They are inherently difficult to manage but it is frequently human behaviour that demands the most attention and is in most need of change. To the frustration of policy makers and practitioners, scientific...
A Long-Term Lens: Cumulative Impacts of Free-Roaming Cat Management Strategy and Intensity on Preventable Cat Mortalities
| Contributor(s):: John D. Boone, Philip S. Miller, Joyce R. Briggs, Valerie A. W. Benka, Dennis F. Lawler, Margaret Slater, Julie K. Levy, Stephen Zawistowski
This study used a previously developed stochastic simulation model (1) to estimate the impact of different management actions on free-roaming kitten and cat mortality over a 10-year period. These longer-term cumulative impacts have not been systematically examined to date. We examined seven...
Identification of Microchip Implantation Events for Dogs and Cats in the VetCompass Australia Database
| Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Sophie Masters, Leonie Richards, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Anne Peaston, Martin Combs, Peter J. Irwin, Janice Lloyd, Catriona Croton, ClaireWylie, BethanyWilson
In Australia, compulsory microchipping legislation requires that animals are microchipped before sale or prior to 3 months in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, and by 6 months in Western Australia and Tasmania. Describing the implementation of...
The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts
| Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.
Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...