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  1. Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland

    Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.

    The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...

  2. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  3. Animal welfare beyond the cage ... and beyond the evidence?

    | Contributor(s):: Blanchard, R. J.

    In "Laboratory Rodent Welfare: Thinking Outside the Cage," Balcombe (2010/this issue) suggests that laboratory cage housing is damaging to rats and mice because it does not meet their evolved needs and may damage their psychological and physical health. The article also indicates that larger and...

  4. The effects of chronic exposure to common bedding materials on the metabolic rate and overall health of male CD-1 mice

    | Contributor(s):: Becker, C. E., Mathur, C. F., Rehnberg, B. G.

    Anecdotes and personal Web pages claim that cedar and pine beddings cause respiratory distress in rodents, although no previous research could be found to support these claims. There have, however, been published studies of respiratory distress in cedar and pine mill workers. That research links...

  5. Human Analogue Safe Haven Effect of the Owner: Behavioural and Heart Rate Response to Stressful Social Stimuli in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Gácsi, K. Maros, S. Sernkvist, T. Faragó, A. Miklósi

    The secure base and safe haven effects of the attachment figure are central features of the human attachment theory. Recently, conclusive evidence for human analogue attachment behaviours in dogs has been provided, however, the owner’s security-providing role in danger has not been directly...

  6. An epidemiologic study of the human bite

    | Contributor(s):: John S Marr, Alan M. Beck, Joseph A. Lugo Jr.

    HUMAN BITES ARE A SERIOUS MEDICAL and surgical problem. A wide range of secondary consequenceshave been documented in the medical literature, including deformity, amputation, infection, transmissionof disease agents, and psychosexual aberrations. Recognition of the human bite as part of the...

  7. Attacks by Packs of Dogs Involving Predation on Human Beings

    | Contributor(s):: Peter L. Borchelt, Randall Lockwood, Alan M. Beck, Victoria L. Voith

    Dog bites are a medical problem for millions of people, children being the most common victims.Human deaths attributable to dog bite injury (not rabies) are relatively infrequent. There have beensome epidemiologic reviews, but this study is the first attempt to arrive at an understanding of...

  8. Heart rate variability in horses engaged in equine-assisted activities

    | Contributor(s):: Gehrke, E. K., Baldwin, A., Schiltz, P. M.

  9. Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dallaire, J. A., Field, N., Mason, G. J.

    Physical disability has the potential to impede the use of environmental enrichments in rehabilitation programmes. We therefore compared the behaviour of 63 disabled and non-disabled socially housed adult Asiatic black bears rescued from bile farms for 103 observation hours. Amputees were less...

  10. Automated monitoring of behavioural-based animal welfare indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Chapinal, N., Passille, A. M. de

  11. Construct validity of animal-assisted therapy and activities: how important is the animal in AAT?

    | Contributor(s):: Marino, L.

  12. Human perceptions of coat color as an indicator of domestic cat personality

    | Contributor(s):: Delgado, M. M., Munera, J. D., Reevy, G. M.

    Associations between mammalian coat color and behavior have been investigated in a number of species, most notably the study of silver foxes by the Institute of Cytology and Genetics at the Russian Academy of Sciences. However, the few studies conducted regarding a potential relation between...

  13. Human-animal relationships in the Norwegian dairy goat industry: attitudes and empathy towards goats (Part I)

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Tufte, P. A., Skjerve, E., Valle, P. S.

  14. Keeping horses in groups: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Hartmann, E., Sondergaard, E., Keeling, L. J.

    Although husbandry conditions for horses have improved over the last decades, many horses are still kept singly with limited or no physical contact to other horses. This is surprising, given the fact that keeping horses in groups is recognised best to fulfil their physical and behavioural...

  15. Ratings of animal personality as a tool for improving the breeding, management and welfare of zoo mammals

    | Contributor(s):: Tetley, C. L., O'Hara, S. J.

  16. The epidemiology of behavioural problems in dogs and cats: a survey of veterinary practitioners

    | Contributor(s):: Fatjo, J., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.

  17. Conflict and reconciliation behavior trends of the bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus )

    | Contributor(s):: Holobinko, A., Waring, G. H.

    Wild bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) populations display societal structures characterized by numerous and frequent changes in group composition, complex social relationships, and high levels of cooperation, attributes also observed in human and nonhuman primate cultures. Maintaining...

  18. Effect of a time-out session with working animal-assisted therapy dogs

    | Contributor(s):: King, C., Watters, J., Mungre, S.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is the therapeutic involvement of specially trained animals in various clinical situations to assist people both physically and psychologically. Although there is some controversy in the research that supports the benefits received by people when they interact with...

  19. Multidimensional quality of life and human-animal bond measures for companion dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Schneider, T. R., Lyons, J. B., Tetrick, M. A., Accortt, E. E.

    Assessment of dog health is based, at least initially, on observations made by health care providers, veterinarians and veterinary technicians, and pet owners when they provide history upon presentation of their pet. It is therefore important to understand how attachment relationships to...

  20. Psychopathology in great apes: concepts, treatment options and possible homologies to human psychiatric disorders

    | Contributor(s):: Brune, M., Brune-Cohrs, U., McGrew, W. C., Preuschoft, S.

    Many captive great apes show gross behavioral abnormalities such as stereotypies, self-mutilation, inappropriate aggression, fear or withdrawal, which impede attempts to integrate these animals in existing or new social groups. These abnormal behaviors resemble symptoms associated with...