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  1. Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy on pain in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zhang, Y., Yan, F., Li, S., Wang, Y., Ma, Y.

    AIMS: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) relieves pain by creating a relaxed and comfortable environment to reduce anxiety in children. Yet little is known about its effects on pain in children. This study aims to systematically evaluate the effects of AAT on pain in children. METHODS: Eight...

  2. Effects of animal-assisted therapy on hospitalized children and teenagers: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Feng, Y., Lin, Y., Zhang, N., Jiang, X., Zhang, L.

  3. Assessment of mobility and pain in broiler chickens with identifiable gait defects

    | Contributor(s):: Tahamtani, Fernanda M., Herskin, Mette S., Foldager, Leslie, Murrell, Jo, Sandercock, Dale A., Riber, Anja B.

  4. Impact of the implementation of a therapy dog program on burn center patients and staff

    | Contributor(s):: Pruskowski, K. A., Gurney, J. M., Cancio, L. C.

  5. Management of otitis externa with an led-illuminated gel: a randomized controlled clinical trial in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Tambella, A. M., Attili, A. R., Beribè, F., Galosi, M., Marchegiani, A., Cerquetella, M., Palumbo Piccionello, A., Vullo, C., Spaterna, A., Fruganti, A.

  6. Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise

    This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...

  7. The Role of Pets in Supporting Cognitive-Behavioral Chronic Pain Self-Management: Perspectives of Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Janevic, Mary R., Shute, Varick, Connell, Cathleen M., Piette, John D., Goesling, Jenna, Fynke, Julie

  8. Patient Opinion of Visiting Therapy Dogs in a Hospital Emergency Department

    | Contributor(s):: Reddekopp, J., Dell, C. A., Rohr, B., Fornssler, B., Gibson, M., Carey, B., Stempien, J.

  9. Animal Ethical Views and Perception of Animal Pain in Veterinary Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Valros, Laura Hänninen

    Veterinary students face several ethical challenges during their curriculum. We used the Animal Ethics Dilemma to study animal ethical views of Finnish veterinary students, and also asked them to score the level of pain perception in 13 different species. Based on the 218 respondents, the...

  10. Effects of Oral Meloxicam and Topical Lidocaine on Pain associated Behaviors of Piglets Undergoing Surgical Castration

    | Contributor(s):: Burkemper, M. C., Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Moraes, L. E., Park, R. M., Moeller, S. J.

    The objective of this study was to find a practical means of reducing pain associated with surgical castration by evaluating the effects of oral meloxicam and topical lidocaine, separately and in combination, on behavioral indicators of pain in piglets. Two hundred thirty-five piglets were...

  11. Does Anthropomorphism of Dogs Affect Pain Perception in Animal-Assisted Interventions? An Exploratory Study

    | Contributor(s):: Turner-Collins, Clare, Breitenbecher, Kimberly H.

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the effects of anthropomorphism of a therapy dog on pain perception during an animal-assisted intervention. Participants were 32 college women who were randomly assigned to the anthropomorphism condition or the control condition. All...

  12. Social context and other factors influence the behavioural expression of pain by lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Guesgen, M. J., Beausoleil, N. J., Minot, E. O., Stewart, M., Stafford, K. J.

    There is evidence that the presence of a conspecific can alter the experience of pain in humans and other animals. This ‘social buffering’ may be mediated by factors such as relatedness and familiarity. This study investigates whether and how the social context affects the behavioural response of...

  13. Positive affective state induced by opioid analgesia in laying hens with bone fractures

    | Contributor(s):: Nasr, M. A. F., Browne, W. J., Caplen, G., Hothersall, B., Murrell, J. C., Nicol, C. J.

    Laying hens with keel fractures (n=35) and control hens with no fractures (n=12) were trained to associate the colour and position of an environment with the effects of either a subcutaneous injection of an opioid analgesic drug (butorphanol) or a subcutaneous injection of saline in a conditioned...

  14. Play behavior as an indicator of animal welfare: Disbudding in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Mintline, Erin M., Stewart, Mairi, Rogers, Andrea R., Cox, Neil R., Verkerk, Gwyneth A., Stookey, Joseph M., Webster, James R., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Play behavior may be reduced during negative experiences (e.g. pain) and serve as an indicator of animal welfare. To test this, the effects of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and a local anesthetic (LA) on dairy calf play behavior and wound sensitivity of calves after hot-iron...

  15. Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

    | Contributor(s):: Mazor-Thomas, Jana E., Mann, Phyllis E., Karas, Alicia Z., Tseng, Flo

    Our ability to provide analgesia in wild and exotic patients is hampered by a lack of species-specific information on effective drugs and protocols. One contributing factor is the difficulty of applying data from traditional laboratory tests of nociception to clinical conditions frequently...

  16. Pain expression is linked to personality in horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Collins, Lisa M., Elwood, Robert W.

    Tissue damage may result in pain, inducing protective behaviour such as lameness. Because we cannot directly measure an animal's subjective experience, pain research and veterinary assessment rely on these behavioural indicators when quantifying pain. This assumes that pain expression is...

  17. The effect of morphine on changes in behaviour and physiology in intraperitoneally vaccinated Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

    | Contributor(s):: Nordgreen, Janicke, Bjørge, Mette Helen, Janczak, Andrew M., Poppe, Trygve, Koppang, Erling Olaf, Ranheim, Birgit, Horsberg, Tor Einar

    Granulomatous peritonitis is often induced by intraperitoneal vaccination in fish. Peritonitis is a very painful condition in mammals, but little is known about how fish experience this condition. In a previous experiment we found increased latency to eat and a tendency to decreased swimming...

  18. The effect of ketoprofen on post-partum behaviour in sows

    | Contributor(s):: Viitasaari, Elina, Raekallio, Marja, Heinonen, Mari, Valros, Anna, Peltoniemi, Olli, Hänninen, Laura

    A randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled trial was conducted in order to estimate pain-related behavioural changes of sows in early lactation. Ketoprofen (KET) was used (3mg/kg BW) intramuscularly for three consecutive days post-partum (p.p.) on 19 sows. Nineteen sows were used as a...

  19. Critical care and survival of fragile animals: The case of Prrxl1 knockout mice

    | Contributor(s):: Monteiro, Clara, Dourado, Margarida, Matos, Mariana, Duarte, Isabel, Lamas, Sofia, Galhardo, Vasco, Lima, Deolinda

    The generation of genetically modified animal models in which a given gene is permanently deleted or overexpressed, sometimes results in fragile phenotypes characterized by high morbidity and premature death. This undesired outcome creates important welfare difficulties and poses a huge...

  20. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. Responses related to stress, health and productivity

    | Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. Carol, Small, Alison H., Mayer, David G., Colditz, Ian G., Ferguson, Drewe M., Stafford, Kevin J.

    Tension banding castration of cattle is gaining favour because it is relatively simple to perform and is promoted by retailers of the banders as a humane castration method. Two experiments were conducted, under tropical conditions using Bos indicus bulls comparing tension banding (Band) and...