Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)
Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...
Investigating anhedonia in a non-conventional species: do some riding horses Equus caballus display symptoms of depression?
Contributor(s):: Fureix, C., Beaulieu, C., Argaud, S., Rochais, C., Quinton, M., Henry, S., Hausberger, M., Mason, G.
Investigating depression-like conditions in animals is methodologically challenging, but potentially important for welfare. Some riding horses display 'withdrawn' states of inactivity and low responsiveness that resemble the reduced engagement with the environment shown by certain depressed...
Benefits of dog ownership: comparative study of equivalent samples
Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Landero Hernandez, R.
Owing to the inconclusive findings of research regarding the health benefits of pet ownership, we compared perceived health, stress, life satisfaction, happiness, and psychosomatic symptoms in dog owners and non-dog owners. As an attempt to overcome some earlier methodological issues, the sample...
Acceptability of animal-assisted therapy: attitudes toward AAT, psychotherapy, and medication for the treatment of child disruptive behavioral problems
Contributor(s):: Rabbitt, S. M., Kazdin, A. E., Hong, J.
Animal-assisted therapies (AATs) are not widely promoted in routine mental healthcare but represent a viable treatment option given positive perceptions of pets and growing evidence that animals provide meaningful contribution to psychological wellbeing. Relatively little is known about the...
Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?
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Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.
Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...
Interactions between handler well-being and canine health and behavior in search and rescue teams
Contributor(s):: Hunt, M., Otto, C. M., Serpell, J. A., Alvarez, J.
Rats show aversion to argon-induced hypoxia
Contributor(s):: Makowska, I. J., Niel, L., Kirkden, R. D., Weary, D. M.
Laboratory rats and mice are commonly killed using carbon dioxide gas. However, recent studies have shown that rodents find this gas aversive. Argon is a tasteless and odourless gas that causes hypoxia by displacing air. The aim of the present study was to use approach-avoidance testing to...
Fear-motivated aggression in dogs: patient characteristics, diagnosis and therapy
Contributor(s):: Galac, S., Knol, B. W.
284 dogs were referred to the Utrecht University Animal Clinic for behavioural problems between 1 January 1991 and 1 January 1994. Fear-motivated aggression was diagnosed in 73 (26
Physiological mechanisms causing sickness behaviour and suffering in diseased animals
Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G.
Travel sickness and meat quality in pigs
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, R. H., Randall, J. M., Forsling, M. L., Rodway, R., Goode, J. A., Brown, S. N., Broom, D. M.
An experiment was conducted to investigate the incidence of travel sickness in pigs, specific hormone concentrations at exsanguination and subsequent meat quality. Fifty, 80-kg slaughter pigs were transported on a lorry for 4.5 h. During the journey, behavioural observations of the individually...