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  1. Validity of model devices used to assess canine temperament in behavioral tests

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, Shanis, Siracusa, Carlo, Reisner, Ilana, Valsecchi, Paola, Serpell, James A.

    Temperament tests are widely accepted as instruments for profiling behavioral variability in dogs, and they are applied in numerous areas of investigation (e.g. suitability for adoption or for breeding). During testing, to elicit a dog's reaction toward novel stimuli and predict its behavior in...

  2. Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Burman, Oliver, McGowan, Ragen, Mendl, Michael, Norling, Yezica, Paul, Elizabeth, Rehn, Therese, Keeling, Linda

    Interest in the induction and measurement of positive affective states in non-human animals is increasing. Here, we used a test of cognitive (judgement) bias, based on the finding that individuals experiencing different affective states judge ambiguous stimuli differently, to measure whether a...

  3. Trainability and boldness traits differ between dog breed clusters based on conventional breed categories and genetic relatedness

    Contributor(s):: Turcsán, Borbála, Kubinyi, Enikő, Miklósi, Ádám

    Modern dog breeding has given rise to more than 400 breeds differing both in morphology and behaviour. Traditionally, kennel clubs have utilized an artificial category system based on the morphological similarity and historical function of each dog breed. Behavioural comparisons at the...

  4. Salivary cortisol concentrations and behavior in a population of healthy dogs hospitalized for elective procedures

    Contributor(s):: Hekman, Jessica P., Karas, Alicia Z., Dreschel, Nancy A.

    Identification of severe stress in hospitalized veterinary patients may improve treatment outcomes and welfare. To assess stress levels, in Study 1, we collected salivary cortisol samples and behavioral parameters in 28 healthy dogs hospitalized prior to elective procedures. Dogs were categorized...

  5. Risk factors for the development of behavior problems in a population of Iranian domestic dogs: Results of a pilot survey

    Contributor(s):: Khoshnegah, Javad, Azizzadeh, Mohammad, Mahmoodi Gharaie, Afarin

    Prevalence and risk factors of behavior problems observed in dogs presented to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, were evaluated using a survey of canine behavior problems. Information was collected from 368 successfully completed questionnaires on...

  6. Preliminary analysis of an adjective-based dog personality questionnaire developed to measure some aspects of personality in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Mirkó, Erika, Kubinyi, Enikő, Gácsi, Márta, Miklósi, Ádám

    In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability)...

  7. Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.

    As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...

  8. Mental health of dogs formerly used as ‘breeding stock’ in commercial breeding establishments

    Contributor(s):: McMillan, Franklin D., Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.

    Canine commercial breeding establishments (CBEs) are kennel facilities where puppies are produced in large numbers for commercial sale. In the popular media, CBEs are commonly referred to as “puppy mills” or “puppy farms.” Conditions in CBEs vary widely in quality. Dogs in these facilities are...

  9. Investigating behavior assessment instruments to predict aggression in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, Sara L., Litster, Annette, Weng, Hsin-Yi, Walker, Sheryl L., Luescher, Andrew U.

    This masked controlled study evaluated a group of dogs to determine if the results of two behavior assessments detected aggression in dogs that had a history of aggression according to a validated questionnaire for measuring behavior and temperament traits in dogs. Groups of dogs with or without...

  10. The influence of cerebral lateralisation on the behaviour of the racing greyhound

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, Luke A., Delfabbro, Paul H., Burns, Nicholas R.

    The authors investigated the relationship between paw preference (the paw with which dogs prefer to hold a food object over repeated trials) and racetrack behaviour in the greyhound breed of dog (Canis familiaris). In a study of 53 racing greyhounds, it was found that individuals perform...

  11. Factors affecting dog–dog interactions on walks with their owners

    Contributor(s):: Řezáč, Petr, Viziová, Petra, Dobešová, Michaela, Havlíček, Zdeněk, Pospíšilová, Dagmar

    Little is known about factors influencing dyadic interactions between dogs in public places. This paper reports on the effect of dog age, gender and size, human gender and the use of a leash on the occurrence of body sniffing, scent-marking, playing games, showing a threat and biting in canine...

  12. An evaluation of the physiological affects of anticipation, activity arousal and recovery in sprinting Greyhounds

    Contributor(s):: Gillette, Robert L., Angle, T. Craig, Sanders, Jennifer S., DeGraves, Fred J.

    This study was designed to separate the physically induced effects of activity from the psychologically induced effects of anticipation of activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if a psychological experience (i.e., activity anticipation) would cause a significant physiological...

  13. Estimation of genetic parameters for behavior based on results of German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, Franziska, Schawalder, Peter, Gaillard, Claude, Dolf, Gaudenz

    The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities and correlations of seven behavioral traits in German Shepherd Dogs in Switzerland as well as breeding values for this population. Data from 4855 animals having taken the standardized behavior test of the German Shepherd Dog Club of...

  14. The efficacy of systematic desensitization for treating the separation-related problem behaviour of domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Butler, Rynae, Sargisson, Rebecca J., Elliffe, Douglas

    The evaluation of systematic desensitization to treat separation-related problem behaviours, such as destruction of property, excessive barking, or house-soiling, has tended to rely on single case-studies. Eight dogs exhibiting separation-related behaviour, and their owners, participated in a...

  15. The effects of social training and other factors on adoption success of shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, Alexandra, Gilmour, Amanda Joy, Weiss, Rebecca Hannah, Shen, Jacqueline Yontsye, Wynne, Clive David Lawrence

    The aim of the present study was to increase adoption rates of dogs housed in shelters. Previous research suggests that the public perceives friendly and sociable dogs as more adoptable. The present study hypothesized that dogs trained to gaze into potential adopters’ eyes would be perceived as...

  16. Effects of human–dog familiarity on dogs’ behavioural responses to petting

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Hößler, Johanna C., Struwe, Rainer

    The complex, subtle body postures and facial expressions used by dogs for communication is sometimes contrary to the human–dog communication mainly focused on verbal and tactile signals. Human–dog interactions might lead to misunderstandings because humans perform gestures that the pet interprets...

  17. The effect of time left alone at home on dog welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rehn, Therese, Keeling, Linda J.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of time left alone on dog behaviour and cardiac activity. Twelve privately owned dogs, with no history of separation related behaviour problems, were video-recorded on three different occasions when left alone in their home environment. The...

  18. The effect of frequency and duration of training sessions on acquisition and long-term memory in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Demant, Helle, Ladewig, Jan, Balsby, Thorsten J. S., Dabelsteen, Torben

    Most domestic dogs are subjected to some kind of obedience training, often on a frequent basis, but the question of how often and for how long a dog should be trained has not been fully investigated. Optimizing the training as much as possible is not only an advantage in the training of working...

  19. Do children understand man's best friend? Classification of dog barks by pre-adolescents and adults

    Contributor(s):: Pongrácz, Péter, Molnár, Csaba, Dóka, Antal, Miklósi, Ádám

    Play back experiments compared the ability of children (aged 6, 8, and 10 years) and adults to discriminate dog barks recorded in three different contexts. Participants had to categorize barks according to recording context, and to characterize the inner states of dogs by relating barks to facial...

  20. Birds of a feather flock together? Perceived personality matching in owner–dog dyads

    Contributor(s):: Turcsán, Borbála, Range, Friederike, Virányi, Zsófia, Miklósi, Ádám, Kubinyi, Enikő

    Partner choice is strongly affected by similarity in physical and psychological characteristics. Although there is a popular belief that dogs share similar personality characteristics with their owners, no studies have yet addressed the topic. Here, we tested for associations between the dog and...