The cat's cradle of responsibility: assigning and taking responsibility for companion animals in natural disasters
| Contributor(s):: Cheryl Travers, Christopher J. Degeling, Melanie Rock
Responsibility is often regarded as a unified concept. However in everyday language, the term refers to a cat's cradle of related ideas and perceptions. Although there might be consensus that individuals should be ultimately responsible for their own animals during crises, individuals and...
A case for a naturalistic perspective: response to Lawrence and Bekoff
| Contributor(s):: Paxton, D. W.
The author responds to commentaries on his original paper noting that "The paper is about questions, not answers. The orthodoxanswer in urban animal management — responsible pet ownership — is really the target of the naturalistic perspective. The paper requests urban authorities to always ask...
Paxton's panorama: naturalizing the bonds between people and dogs
| Contributor(s):: Bekoff, M.
The author "want[s] to point out some gray areas in Paxton’s essay where I think more fleshing out is needed, especially how hisideas relate, perhaps uniquely, to the human–dog bond."
The hunter-gatherer prehistory of human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Mithen, S.
In this paper, the author "will examine some of the key moments in the evolution of human relationships with animals, tracking the emergence of these new relationships and the impact they havehad on our bodies, our minds and our culture," particularly the more recent hunting-gatherers of...
Frustration behaviors in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Jakovcevic, A., Elgier, A. M., Mustaca, A. E., Bentosela, M.
During extinction a previously learned behavior stops being reinforced. In addition to the decrease in the rate of the instrumental response, it produces an aversive emotional state known as frustration. This state can be assimilated with the fear reactions that occur after aversive stimuli are...
Ever try teaching a dog to read? Implicit theories of reading ability
| Contributor(s):: Moore, E. G. J., Hlava, T., Garcia, S. L., Brem, S.
Sensory physiology and dog behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Bubna-Littitz, H.
The domestication of social cognition in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Hare, B., Brown, M., Williamson, C., Tomasello, M.
Dogs are more skillful than great apes at a number of tasks in which they must read human communicative signals indicating the location of hidden food. In this study, we found that wolves who were raised by humans do not show these same skills, whereas domestic dog puppies only a few weeks old,...
The evolution of imitation: what do the capacities of non-human animals tell us about the mechanisms of imitation? (Special Issue: Evolution, development and intentional control of imitation.)
| Contributor(s):: Huber, L., Range, F., Voelkl, B., Szucsich, A., Viranyi, Z., Miklosi, A.
In this paper, we review reports and present new empirical data from studies with marmosets and dogs that address the correspondence problem of imitation research. We focus on the question of how it is possible to transform visual information into matching motor acts. Here, the important issue is...
Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners
| Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.
Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...
The hereditary " fixing " of individually acquired behaviour of animals and the origin of instincts
| Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.
ELEVEN German Shepherd dogs [Alsatian] of different ages were trained (1) to bring objects to the trainer, (2) to bring them on a command, (3) to get an object and then bring it on a command, and (4) to go when commanded and bring an object without a command. The best performances of these 4...
A case for a naturalistic perspective
This paper continues the debate on a unifying theory of the human-companion animal bond, begun in the first volume of Anthrozoos by Kidd and Kidd (1987:140-57). Research is cited in which the relationship between people and the dog is the case study. It is argued that the animal-animal model may...
Preschoolers make fewer errors on an object categorization task in the presence of a dog
| Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Church, M. T., Altobelli, C. L.
Previous research has shown that the presence of a dog can positively impact the speed at which preschoolers perform motor skills tasks and also their ability to adhere to instructions. The current study focused on the execution of a cognitive task - object categorization - by developmentally...
The origin of the dog revisited
| Contributor(s):: Koler-Matznick, J.
The most widely accepted hypothesis of the origin of the dog, Canis familiaris, is that the dog is a domesticated grey wolf, Canis lupus. This paper reviews the evidence for this conclusion, finds many unanswered questions and conceptual gaps in the wolf origin hypothesis, and explores the...
What's in a name? - Consequences of naming non-human animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
| Contributor(s):: Borkfelt, S.
The act of naming is among the most basic actions of language. Indeed, it is naming something that enables us to communicate about it in specific terms, whether the object named is human or non-human, animate or inanimate. However, naming is not as uncomplicated as we may usually think and names...