Selection for temperament in sheep: Domain-general and context-specific traits
Contributor(s):: Beausoleil, Ngaio J., Blache, Dominique, Stafford, Kevin J., Mellor, David J., Noble, Alasdair D. L.
Sheep at the University of Western Australia have been selectively bred for behavioral responses to isolation and human presence in an arena test, resulting in the creation of two divergent lines: More Active (MA) and Less Active (LA). The aim of this study was to determine whether selection was...
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Guide dogs: medical tool on four pawsBlindenfuhrhunde: Medizinisches Hilfsmittel auf vier Pfoten
Contributor(s):: Hacker, S.
This article discusses the training and suitability of guide dogs for blind people in Germany.
The relationship between individual behavioural styles, dominance rank and cortisol levels of cats living in urban social groups
Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.
Individual animals show differences in temperament, often correlated with ecologically important behavioural patterns such as dominance, and with physiological responses to environmental perturbations, such as cortisol levels. Identifying these temperaments in animals may reveal adaptive patterns...
An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders
Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.
This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...
Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)
Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.
Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...
Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens
Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.
Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...
The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour
Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.
The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...
Evaluacion del temperamento en perros de refugio y de familia, un estudio comparativo
Contributor(s):: Barrera, Gabriela, Giamal, Yamila, Fagnani, Jésica, Mustaca, Alba, Bentosela, Mariana
Does temperament affect learning in calves?
Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.
The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...
Applied personality assessment in domestic dogs: limitations and caveats
Contributor(s):: Rayment, D. J., Groef, B. de, Peters, R. A., Marston, L. C.
Modern behavioural tests for domestic dogs are commonly employed across a variety of fields, including the assessment of companion, assistance, working and sporting dogs. While there is increasing scientific attention on the development and evaluation of behavioural tests used to assess...
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Consistency of shelter dogs' behavior toward a fake versus real stimulus dog during a behavior evaluation
Contributor(s):: Shabelansky, A., Dowling-Guyer, S., Quist, H., D'Arpino, S. S., McCobb, E.
Behavior evaluations are widely used by animal shelters and other organizations that rehome dogs. The dog-to-dog subtest is a common feature of most canine behavior evaluations. The use of model devices such as a stuffed dog during this subtest could be convenient for shelters and increase...
The cat-human relationship
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A., Brown, S. L.
The behaviour of cats and their interactions with humans are described.
Does horse temperament influence horse-rider cooperation? (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Blokhuis, M. Z., Morgan, E. K. M., Hassmen, P., Rundgren, T. M. M., Blokhuis, H. J.
Cooperation between rider and horse is of major importance in equitation. A balanced team of horse and rider improves (sport) performances and welfare aspects by decreasing stress, frustration, risks of injuries, and accidents. Important features affecting the cooperation are the physical skills,...
The livestock guarding dogs: Or the challenge of employing a prevnting tool originated from traditional societies in a modern society
Contributor(s):: Landry, J. M.
A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training
Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Blythe, S., Roberts, R., Toothill, L., Craigon, P. J., Evans, K. M., Green, M. J., England, G. C. W.
An early understanding of behavioral suitability for guiding work in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) would be useful for organizations which train dogs as mobility aids, such as the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. We explored the potential for a standardized test of behavior in young dogs...
A study on the temperament type of puppies in the animated toy test with regard to their proper socialization and specific behaviour build-up
Contributor(s):: Stoycheva, I., Uzunova, K., Binev, R., Bivolarski, B., Georgieva, V., Rusenov, A., Slavov, T.
In order to typify their temperaments and facilitate their training and formation of desired behaviour, 24 7-week-old Pointer, Boxer, and German Shepherd puppies were tested twice in an ethological test. Emphasis was put on behavioural activities such as fear, orientation, purposefulness,...
Effect of temperament type on socialization among companion dogs
Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K., Semerdjiev, V., Stoyanchev, K., Russenov, A., Tsandev, N., Yonkova, P.
An investigation on the influence of the nervous system type on the course of socialization in companion dogs was observed. In the experiment, 8 puppies from two breeds: Pekinese and Poodle, were included. A test was carried out and it was determined that dogs with temperament types L and F would...