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  1. Assessment of emotional predisposition in dogs using PANAS (Positive and Negative Activation Scale) and associated relationships in a sample of dogs from Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Savalli, C., Albuquerque, N., Vasconcellos, A. S., Ramos, D., de Mello, F. T., Mills, D. S.

  2. Development and consistency of fearfulness in horses from foal to adult

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Beblein, Carina, Malmkvist, Jens

    Understanding the development and consistency of behavioural responses across life stages is of both fundamental and applied interest. In horses, fearfulness is particularly important because fear reactions are a major cause of human-horse accidents, and because fear is a negative emotional state...

  3. Cognitive characteristics of 8- to 10-week-old assistance dog puppies

    Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Gruen, M. E., Gnanadesikan, G. E., Horschler, D. J., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Hare, B. A., MacLean, E. L.

  4. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  5. Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science

    Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.

    In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...

  6. Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.

    As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...

  7. Behavioural and corticosterone responses to capture and confinement of wild blackbirds (Turdus merula)

    Contributor(s):: Adams, Nigel J., Farnworth, Mark J., Rickett, Jennifer, Parker, Kevin A., Cockrem, John F.

    Capture and temporary confinement of wild birds are integral parts of wildlife management practice and research used, for example, during translocation or reintroduction initiatives. We report here on the behavioural and stress hormone (corticosterone) responses of wild blackbirds (Turdus merula)...

  8. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  9. Predictive Models of Assistance Dog Training Outcomes Using the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire and a Standardized Temperament Evaluation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bray, E. E., Levy, K. M., Kennedy, B. S., Duffy, D. L., Serpell, J. A., MacLean, E. L.

    Assistance dogs can greatly improve the lives of people with disabilities. However, a large proportion of dogs bred and trained for this purpose are deemed unable to successfully fulfill the behavioral demands of this role. Often, this determination is not finalized until weeks or even months...

  10. Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  11. Investigating canine personality structure using owner questionnaires measuring pet dog behaviour and personality

    | Contributor(s):: Rayment, Diana J., Peters, Richard A., Marston, Linda C., Groef, Bert De

    Questionnaire-based personality and behavioural assessments for domestic dogs are widely used by professional dog handlers, researchers and those working in welfare. In order for behaviour tests to provide accurate, useful information about the future behaviour of test subjects, they need to...

  12. Consistency of emotional reactivity assessment results obtained in different behavioural tests

    | Contributor(s):: Kozak, Agnieszka, Zięba, Grzegorz, Tietze, Maria, Rozempolska-Rucińska, Iwona

    Emotional reactivity may be a very broad concept comprising many components of temperament traits. The aim of the study was to verify the consistency of assessment of the horse's reactivity level evaluated with different behavioural tests and to answer the question whether emotional reactivity is...

  13. Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner

    Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...

  14. The cat-human relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Casey, R. A., Brown, S. L.

    The behaviour of cats and their interactions with humans are described.

  15. Does horse temperament influence horse-rider cooperation? (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    | Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Blokhuis, M. Z., Morgan, E. K. M., Hassmen, P., Rundgren, T. M. M., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Cooperation between rider and horse is of major importance in equitation. A balanced team of horse and rider improves (sport) performances and welfare aspects by decreasing stress, frustration, risks of injuries, and accidents. Important features affecting the cooperation are the physical skills,...

  16. The livestock guarding dogs: Or the challenge of employing a prevnting tool originated from traditional societies in a modern society

    | Contributor(s):: Landry, J. M.

  17. Heart rate variability in horses engaged in equine-assisted activities

    | Contributor(s):: Gehrke, E. K., Baldwin, A., Schiltz, P. M.

  18. How "natural" training methods can affect equine mental state? A critical approach - a review

    | Contributor(s):: Rozempolska-Rucinska, I., Trojan, M., Kosik, E., Prochniak, T., Gorecka-Bruzda, A.

  19. Human perceptions of coat color as an indicator of domestic cat personality

    | Contributor(s):: Delgado, M. M., Munera, J. D., Reevy, G. M.

  20. Behavioral and physiological predictors of guide dog success

    | Contributor(s):: Tomkins, L. M., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.

    A range of mobility aids are available to assist people living with vision impairment, and of these, guide dog ownership offers them several unique benefits. However, training a dog to be a successful guide dog comes at a high cost (approximately AU$30,000). Therefore, the aim of this study was...