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  1. Assessment of emotional predisposition in dogs using PANAS (Positive and Negative Activation Scale) and associated relationships in a sample of dogs from Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Savalli, C., Albuquerque, N., Vasconcellos, A. S., Ramos, D., de Mello, F. T., Mills, D. S.

  2. Puppy Temperament Assessments Predict Breed and American Kennel Club Group but Not Adult Temperament

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Thompson, Rebekah Skiver, Ha, James C.

    Puppy assessments for companion dogs have shown mixed long-term reliability. Temperament is cited among the reasons for surrendering dogs to shelters. A puppy temperament test that reliably predicts adult behavior is one potential way to lower the number of dogs given to shelters. This study used...

  3. Behavioral differences among breeds of domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris): Current status of the science

    Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, Lindsay R., Wynne, Clive D. L.

    In both popular media and scientific literature, it is commonly stated that breeds of dogs differ behaviorally in substantial, consistent and predictable ways. Since the mid-twentieth century, scientists have asked whether meaningful behavioral differences exist between breeds of dogs. Today,...

  4. Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, Deborah L., Serpell, James A.

    As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...

  5. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  6. Risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Serpell, James A., Pearl, David L., Niel, Lee

    Aggression in dogs is a safety concern both for humans and animals, and can lead to decreased animal welfare in affected dogs due to potential abuse, neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. We examined risk factors associated with stranger-directed aggression in dogs using the previously...

  7. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  8. Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner

    Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...

  9. Spawning executive functions in first graders: Exploring situated learning experiences with the classroom pet consistent with children's temperament

    | Contributor(s):: Kristan Nicole Pearce

    Rapid growth in all domains of development occurs during the early childhood years. Even so, the pressures of high stakes testing and the push down of curriculum often elicit a focus on cognitive development while neglecting other developmental areas important in school and later life success...

  10. Guide dogs: medical tool on four pawsBlindenfuhrhunde: Medizinisches Hilfsmittel auf vier Pfoten

    | Contributor(s):: Hacker, S.

    This article discusses the training and suitability of guide dogs for blind people in Germany.

  11. Characterization of assistance dogs (guide dogs, hearing dogs and service dogs) in PortugalCaraterizacao dos caes de assistencia (caes-guia, caes para surdos e caes de servico) em Portugal

    | Contributor(s):: Carmo, S. A. P. do, Fonseca, I. M. S. P. da, Rosa, I. M. N. G.

    Today's society increasingly tries to provide a way to ease and improve the quality of the human being life with disabilities, like the use of assistance dogs. Guide dogs help blind people, hearing dogs assist people with severe hearing difficulties and service dogs help people with mobility,...

  12. Evaluation of temperament information to improve adoption occurrence and evaluation of human contact and housing arrangement on stress response of adult shelter dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Coppola, Crista L.

  13. Evaluacion del temperamento en perros de refugio y de familia, un estudio comparativo

    | Contributor(s):: Barrera, Gabriela, Giamal, Yamila, Fagnani, Jésica, Mustaca, Alba, Bentosela, Mariana

  14. Comparison of SAFER behavior assessment results in shelter dogs at intake and after a 3-day acclimation period

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, S. L., Weng, H. Y., Walker, S. L., Placer, M., Litster, A.

    In this study, it was hypothesized that different results would be obtained by canine behavior assessments performed within 24 hr of shelter intake (Day 0) and after a 3-day acclimation period (Day 3). Safety Assessment for Evaluating Rehoming assessments were performed on 33 dogs at 2 municipal...

  15. Service Dogs Prove to Be Boon for Children with Autism

    | Contributor(s):: Levinson, Jerry

  16. Applied personality assessment in domestic dogs: limitations and caveats

    | Contributor(s):: Rayment, D. J., Groef, B. de, Peters, R. A., Marston, L. C.

    Modern behavioural tests for domestic dogs are commonly employed across a variety of fields, including the assessment of companion, assistance, working and sporting dogs. While there is increasing scientific attention on the development and evaluation of behavioural tests used to assess...

  17. Consistency of shelter dogs' behavior toward a fake versus real stimulus dog during a behavior evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Shabelansky, A., Dowling-Guyer, S., Quist, H., D'Arpino, S. S., McCobb, E.

    Behavior evaluations are widely used by animal shelters and other organizations that rehome dogs. The dog-to-dog subtest is a common feature of most canine behavior evaluations. The use of model devices such as a stuffed dog during this subtest could be convenient for shelters and increase...

  18. Dog bite risk: an assessment of child temperament and child-dog interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Davis, A. L., Schwebel, D. C., Morrongiello, B. A., Stewart, J., Bell, M.

  19. The livestock guarding dogs: Or the challenge of employing a prevnting tool originated from traditional societies in a modern society

    | Contributor(s):: Landry, J. M.

  20. A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training

    | Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Blythe, S., Roberts, R., Toothill, L., Craigon, P. J., Evans, K. M., Green, M. J., England, G. C. W.

    An early understanding of behavioral suitability for guiding work in domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) would be useful for organizations which train dogs as mobility aids, such as the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. We explored the potential for a standardized test of behavior in young dogs...