Social identification with animals: Unpacking our psychological connection with other animals
Contributor(s):: Amiot, Catherine E., Sukhanova, Ksenia, Bastian, Brock
Human-Animal Interactions in Dairy Buffalo Farms
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Masucci, F., Sabia, E., De Rosa, G.
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Does temperament affect learning in calves?
| Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.
The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...
Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison
| Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.
Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...
Factors affecting the human interpretation of dog behavior
| Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B., Paul, E. S.
Several factors influence how we interpret the behavior of another individual. In the current study, we investigated the effect of level of animal empathy, as well as the level of experience with dogs, on the interpretation of dog behavior. Forty-seven veterinary students participated in the...
Prediction of the behaviour of puppies using tests with regard to their humane treatment and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K., Mitev, Y., Miteva, C., Vashin, I.
Eight puppies were submitted to the Open-Field test, with regard to typization of their nervous system type and formation of their future behaviour. The purpose of the study was to avoid unexpected and stressful situations during their education that is a demonstration of humane attitude towards...
Studies on socialization characteristics using two temperament tests in German Dogue, Doberman and Riesenschnautzer puppies
| Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K. I., Stoycheva, I., Miteva, T., Binev, R., Ivanov, A., Rousenov, A., Penev, T.
The object of study was the influence of the nervous system type (temperament) of dogs from the German Dogue, Doberman, and Riesenschnautzer breeds on the extent of their socialization (adaptation to the environment). Two tests were used to examine the animals' behavior: the mirror test and the...
Assessment of dog-human attachment using Ainsworth's Strange Situation test
| Contributor(s):: Seman, M., Kottferova, J., Jakuba, T., Haladova, E., Fejsakova, M., Matos, R.
A human psychological test of Ainsworth's Strange Situation (ASS) was used to investigate the state of emotional attachment in dog-human relationship. Ten adult dog-owner pairs were observed in an unfamiliar test room, introduced to a human stranger and subjected to 8 short episodes. The dogs...
Domestication effects on foraging strategy, social behaviour and different fear responses: a comparison between the red junglefowl ( Gallus gallus ) and a modern layer strain
| Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Forkman, B., Jensen, P.
According to the resource allocation theory, behaviours that have high energetic costs should decrease in frequency in breeds that are selected to invest a higher proportion of energy into production traits. We studied differences between red junglefowl, the ancestor of domesticated breeds, and a...
Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study
| Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.
At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...
Effects of a gentling programme on the behaviour of laboratory rats towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Maurer, B. M., Doring, D., Scheipl, F., Kuchenhoff, H., Erhard, M. H.
The present study investigated the effects of a gentling programme on the later behaviour of laboratory rats towards humans. For that purpose, 24 female Wistar rats were purchased from a laboratory animal breeding facility at the age of 21 days and allocated, genetically balanced, to an...
Learning performances in young horses using two different learning tests
| Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Schilder, M. B. H., Barneveld, A., Blokhuis, H. J.
To achieve optimal performance in equine sports as well as in leisure not only the physical abilities of the horse should be considered, but also the horse's personality. Besides temperamental aspects, like emotionality, or the horse's reactivity towards humans in handling situations, the...
Quantitative and qualitative assessment of the response of foals to the presence of an unfamiliar human
| Contributor(s):: Minero, M., Tosi, M. V., Canali, E., Wemelsfelder, F.
This work aimed to apply a combined qualitative and quantitative approach to the interpretation of an on-farm behaviour test for horses, and to examine whether 1 month of handling would affect the response of yearlings to an unfamiliar stationary human in their home environment. Throughout a...
Service dog selection tests: Effectiveness for dogs from animal shelters
| Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Greenberg, G.
Assistance dogs are trained to help people with various physical and mental handicaps and are selected using a test comprising several behavioral components. Anecdotal reports have shown that only about 50% of the dogs selected successfully complete training and become assistance dogs....
Development of a behavioural test of sensory responsiveness in the growing pig
| Contributor(s):: Hutson, G. D., Ambrose, T. J., Barnett, J. L., Tilbrook, A. J.
The responses of individual growing pigs to 60 stimuli from 5 sensory categories were evaluated as an initial step in developing a behavioural measure of welfare. Pigs were exposed to the stimuli in a test pen after being trained to eat from a food box adjacent to a stimulus presentation box. The...
Multidimensional quality of life and human
| Contributor(s):: Schneider, Tamera R., Lyons, Joseph B., Tetrick, Mark A., Accortt, Eynav E.
A comparison of behaviour in test and in everyday life: evidence of three consistent boldness-related personality traits in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K.
Six specific personality traits - playfulness, chase-proneness, curiosity/fearlessness, sociability, aggressiveness, and distance-playfulness - and a broad boldness dimension have been suggested for dogs in previous studies based on data collected in a standardized behavioural test ("dog...
Assessing the human-animal relationship in farmed species: a critical review
| Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Boivin, X., Pedersen, V., Tosi, M. V., Janczak, A. M., Visser, E. K., Jones, R. B.
The present paper focuses on six main issues. First, we briefly explain why an increased understanding of the human-animal relationship (HAR) is an essential component of any strategy intended to improve the welfare of farmed animals and their stockpersons. Second, we list the main internal and...
Do domestic pigs prefer short-term to medium-term confinement?
| Contributor(s):: Spinka, M., Duncan, I. J. H., Widowski, T. M.
A preference test was used to demonstrate that gilts have the ability to associate 2 sets of neutral cues with 2 different periods of confinement and water deprivation and to anticipate the long-term consequences of their choice in the test. 12 gilts housed in 2 large, straw-bedded pens were...