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  1. Conceptual and methodological issues relating to pain assessment in mammals: The development and utilisation of pain facial expression scales

    Contributor(s):: McLennan, Krista M., Miller, Amy L., Dalla Costa, Emanuela, Stucke, Diana, Corke, Murray J., Broom, Donald M., Leach, Matthew C.

  2. Investigating Attachment Behavior in Shelter Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Anamarie Johnson

    The strength and nature of the social connection between humans and dogs is a product of a long history of domestication. This study, conducted at a municipal shelter in Northern California using a modified Strange Situation Test, investigated the hypothesis that human-dog interactions will...

  3. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  4. Importation of Stray Dogs from Hungary and Romania to Norway

    Contributor(s):: Julie Jahren Holter

    The aim of this thesis was to highlight the different factors playing a part in the discussion of importation of stray dogs to Norway. Several aspects of the discussion have been mentioned. It has been proved that an increasing number of stray dogs are being imported, especially after the new...

  5. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part I: Identification of principal components

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    The Welfare Quality (WQ) on-farm welfare assessment protocols for fattening pigs (n=95 farms) and sows, as well as suckling piglets (n=103 farms), were applied on Finnish farms. In order to identify distinct types of welfare problems (WPTs) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to the...

  6. Does temperament affect learning in calves?

    Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.

    The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...

  7. Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications

    Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.

    Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...

  8. Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison

    Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.

    Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...

  9. Can animal-based welfare assessment be simplified? A comparison of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle and the simpler and less time-consuming protocol developed by the Danish Cattle Federation

    Contributor(s):: Andreasen, S. N., Sandoe, P., Forkman, B.

    Welfare assessment protocols using primarily animal-based measures are believed to give valid information about the welfare of animals. However, they tend to be time consuming and therefore costly, thus in practice there is often considerable reluctance to use them. In the present study, the...

  10. Factors affecting the human interpretation of dog behavior

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B., Paul, E. S.

    Several factors influence how we interpret the behavior of another individual. In the current study, we investigated the effect of level of animal empathy, as well as the level of experience with dogs, on the interpretation of dog behavior. Forty-seven veterinary students participated in the...

  11. Prediction of the behaviour of puppies using tests with regard to their humane treatment and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K., Mitev, Y., Miteva, C., Vashin, I.

    Eight puppies were submitted to the Open-Field test, with regard to typization of their nervous system type and formation of their future behaviour. The purpose of the study was to avoid unexpected and stressful situations during their education that is a demonstration of humane attitude towards...

  12. Studies on socialization characteristics using two temperament tests in German Dogue, Doberman and Riesenschnautzer puppies

    Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K. I., Stoycheva, I., Miteva, T., Binev, R., Ivanov, A., Rousenov, A., Penev, T.

    The object of study was the influence of the nervous system type (temperament) of dogs from the German Dogue, Doberman, and Riesenschnautzer breeds on the extent of their socialization (adaptation to the environment). Two tests were used to examine the animals' behavior: the mirror test and the...

  13. Assessment of dog-human attachment using Ainsworth's Strange Situation test

    Contributor(s):: Seman, M., Kottferova, J., Jakuba, T., Haladova, E., Fejsakova, M., Matos, R.

    A human psychological test of Ainsworth's Strange Situation (ASS) was used to investigate the state of emotional attachment in dog-human relationship. Ten adult dog-owner pairs were observed in an unfamiliar test room, introduced to a human stranger and subjected to 8 short episodes. The dogs...

  14. Randomised controlled trial of animal facilitated therapy with dolphins in the treatment of depression

    Contributor(s):: Antonioli, C., Reveley, M. A.

  15. Early prediction of adult police dog efficiency - a longitudinal study

    Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Odendaal, J. S. J.

    At the South African Police Service Dog Breeding Centre, behaviour tests were developed specifically for police dogs to predict their efficiency as adults. The tests were carried out on 167 puppies between January 1994 and March 1996. The sample consisted of 49 different litters from 34 stud dogs...

  16. Effects of a gentling programme on the behaviour of laboratory rats towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Maurer, B. M., Doring, D., Scheipl, F., Kuchenhoff, H., Erhard, M. H.

    The present study investigated the effects of a gentling programme on the later behaviour of laboratory rats towards humans. For that purpose, 24 female Wistar rats were purchased from a laboratory animal breeding facility at the age of 21 days and allocated, genetically balanced, to an...

  17. Learning performances in young horses using two different learning tests

    Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Schilder, M. B. H., Barneveld, A., Blokhuis, H. J.

    To achieve optimal performance in equine sports as well as in leisure not only the physical abilities of the horse should be considered, but also the horse's personality. Besides temperamental aspects, like emotionality, or the horse's reactivity towards humans in handling situations, the...

  18. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of the response of foals to the presence of an unfamiliar human

    Contributor(s):: Minero, M., Tosi, M. V., Canali, E., Wemelsfelder, F.

    This work aimed to apply a combined qualitative and quantitative approach to the interpretation of an on-farm behaviour test for horses, and to examine whether 1 month of handling would affect the response of yearlings to an unfamiliar stationary human in their home environment. Throughout a...

  19. Service dog selection tests: Effectiveness for dogs from animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Greenberg, G.

    Assistance dogs are trained to help people with various physical and mental handicaps and are selected using a test comprising several behavioral components. Anecdotal reports have shown that only about 50% of the dogs selected successfully complete training and become assistance dogs....

  20. Development of a behavioural test of sensory responsiveness in the growing pig

    Contributor(s):: Hutson, G. D., Ambrose, T. J., Barnett, J. L., Tilbrook, A. J.

    The responses of individual growing pigs to 60 stimuli from 5 sensory categories were evaluated as an initial step in developing a behavioural measure of welfare. Pigs were exposed to the stimuli in a test pen after being trained to eat from a food box adjacent to a stimulus presentation box. The...