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  1. The Effects of Tactile and Indirect Contact with Dogs in a College Population

    Contributor(s):: Kalina Welch

    To assess how physiological stress response is affected by human-canine interactions, one hundred-thirty (n=130) Carroll College students in Helena, Montana participated in trials designed to measure blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, and galvanic skin response (GSR) in low- and...

  2. Human-animal interactions: Survey of contact behavior relevant for the spread of infectious diseases

    Contributor(s):: Yimer Wasihun Kifle

    Background: Approximately 75 percent of recently emerging infectious diseases that affect humans are diseases of animal origin, and approximately 60 percent of all human pathogens are zoonotic. Contact between humans and pets, livestock, poultry and other animals could enable transmission of...

  3. The reinforcing value of physical contact and the effect on canine heart rate of grooming in different anatomical areas

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Righetti, J., Thomson, P. C.

    The human-animal relationship frequently involves physical touch, and this may have benefits for both participants. Grooming of horses at the withers has a calming effect on recipients, a phenomenon regularly used to reward horses. No studies on the effect on heart rate of grooming in different...

  4. The physiological and behavioural impact of sensory contact among unfamiliar adult mice in the laboratory

    Contributor(s):: Rettich, A., Kasermann, H. P., Pelczar, P., Burki, K., Arras, M.

    Housing mice in the laboratory in groups enables social interaction and is the way a laboratory should house mice. However, adult males show reciprocal aggression and are therefore frequently housed individually. Alternatively, a grid divider, which allows sensory contact by sight and smell but...

  5. Understanding the perceptual world of horses

    Contributor(s):: Saslow, C. A.

  6. The way to a man's heart is through his stomach: What about horses?

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Carol Sankey, Séverine Henry, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda, Marie-Annick Richard-Yris, Martine Hausberger

    BackgroundHow do we bond to one another? While in some species, like humans, physical contact plays a role in the process of attachment, it has been suggested that tactile contact's value may greatly differ according to the species considered. Nevertheless, grooming is often considered as a...

  7. Effects of human-animal relationship on welfare and productivity in cattle and pigs - a review

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C.

    The human-animal relationship is shown to affect the behaviour, welfare and productivity of production animals. Touch is the most important part of the human-animal communication. Problems associated with animal handling are mostly due to fear, which many farm animals feel towards humans. Fear is...

  8. Stroking of different body regions by a human: effects on behaviour and heart rate of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Schmied, C., Waiblinger, S., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Boivin, X.

    From observations of intra-specific social grooming in cattle and studies on human stroking in other species, we hypothesised that cows' reactions to human stroking differ depending on the body regions being stroked. Moreover, we tested, whether cows 'reactions to stroking change with the...

  9. The response of sows to novel visual, olfactory, auditory and tactile stimuli

    Contributor(s):: Hutson, G. D., Dickenson, L. G., Wilkinson, J. L., Luxford, B. G.

    The response of sows to 20 stimuli from 5 sensory categories were evaluated with the aim of selecting one stimulus from each category as a test of general environmental responsiveness. The visual stimuli evaluated were a novel rod, a hanging ball, a moving chime and an umbrella. The olfactory...

  10. The effect of piglet stimuli on the posture changing behaviour of recently farrowed sows

    Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Cropley, J. A.

    Twenty-four primiparous sows that had recently farrowed in commercial farrowing crates were tested in a 2 x 2 factorial experiment for their behavioural response to piglet stimuli during the process of changing from a standing to a lying posture. The piglet stimuli presented were those that a sow...

  11. Understanding feline behavior and how that helps your team treat cats

    Contributor(s):: Rodan, I.

  12. Unlocking the secrets of the feline psyche to relate better to cats and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Rodan, I.