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  1. Voices from behind prison walls: the impact of training service dogs on women in prison

    Contributor(s):: Minton, C. A., Perez, P. R., Miller, K.

    This study investigated the effects that training service dogs had on women in a multi-level security prison in California. Through semi-structured interviews, the inmates discussed the challenges and benefits of involvement in this program. The findings suggested that participation in training...

  2. Behavioral management at the Phoenix Zoo: new strategies and perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Tresz, H.

    It all started with a seemingly simple decision to re-evaluate and document the Phoenix Zoo's behavioral management protocol. The purpose of this project was to present proactive standards for the care and psychological well-being of our living collection, while meeting or exceeding the...

  3. Can aggression in dogs be elicited through the use of electronic pet containment systems?

    Contributor(s):: Polsky, R.

    Five cases are described that involve severe attacks on humans by dogs who were being trained or maintained on an electronic pet containment system. The system is designed to boundary train a dog through the use of electric shock in an escape-avoidance conditioning paradigm. Data were collected...

  4. Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report

    Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.

    Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...

  5. Conditioning shelter dogs to sit

    Contributor(s):: Thorn, J. M., Templeton, J. J., Winkle, K. M. M. van, Castillo, R. R.

    Human contact in the shelter may lessen effects of change in environment and smooth transition into a home. Training can increase a dog's interaction with people in a shelter environment. Experiments were conducted to determine how rapidly shelter dogs learn to sit, if the dogs can retain sitting...

  6. Effects of training on stress-related behavior of the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ) in relation to coping with routine husbandry procedures. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., McKinley, J., Smith, T. E.

    Using positive reinforcement, 12 common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were trained to provide urine samples on request. The marmosets were exposed to mildly stressful, routine husbandry procedures (i.e., capture and weighing). The non-human animals spent less time inactive poststressor as...

  7. Enhancing nonhuman primate care and welfare through the use of positive reinforcement training

    Contributor(s):: Laule, G., Whittaker, M.

    Nonhuman primates are excellent subjects for the enhancement of care and welfare through training. The broad range of species offers tremendous behavioral diversity, and individual primates show varying abilities to cope with the stressors of captivity, which differ depending on the venue....

  8. Factors influencing owner satisfaction with companion-dog-training facilities

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, P. C., Cooper, N., Rohlf, V. I., Mornement, K.

    The aim of this study was to survey people currently attending companion-dog-training facilities about their reasons for attending training, their expectations prior to training, their training experiences, and the factors contributing to their satisfaction with these experiences. The 178...

  9. Positive reinforcement training as a technique to alter nonhuman primate behavior: quantitative assessments of effectiveness. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Schapiro, S. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Laule, G. E.

    Many suggest that operant conditioning techniques can be applied successfully to improve the behavioral management of nonhuman primates in research settings. However, relatively little empirical data exist to support this claim. This article is a review of several studies that discussed applied...

  10. Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.

    This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...

  11. Primate training at Disney's Animal Kingdom. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Colahan, H., Breder, C.

    A training programme has been in place at Disney's Animal Kingdom since the non-human animals first arrived at the park. The Primate Team and the Behavioural Husbandry Team have worked together closely to establish a philosophy and framework for this programme. This framework emphasizes setting...

  12. The development of an operant conditioning training program for New World primates at the Bronx Zoo. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Savastano, G., Hanson, A., McCann, C.

    This article described the development of an operant conditioning training programme for 17 species of New World primates at the Bronx Zoo, New York, USA. To apply less invasive techniques to husbandry protocols, the study introduced behaviours such as hand feeding, syringe feeding, targeting,...

  13. The use of positive reinforcement training techniques to enhance the care, management, and welfare of primates in the laboratory. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Laule, G. E., Bloomsmith, M. A., Schapiro, S. J.

    Handled frequently and subjected to a wide range of medical procedures that may be particularly invasive, nonhuman animals in a laboratory setting have unique needs. To produce the most reliable research results and to protect and enhance the well-being of the animals, it is desirable to perform...

  14. Trailer loading stress in horses: behavioral and physiological effects of nonaversive training (TTEAM)

    Contributor(s):: Shanahan, S.

    Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether non-aversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones & Bruns, 1988) would decrease...

  15. Training common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus ) to cooperate during routine laboratory procedures: ease of training and time investment. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: McKinley, J., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., Bassett, L., Morris, K.

    The first author trained 12 laboratory-housed common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) in pairs to assess the practicality of positive reinforcement training as a technique in the management of these nonhuman animals. Behaviours taught were target training to allow homecage weighing and providing...

  16. Training nonhuman primates to cooperate with scientific procedures in applied biomedical research. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, L., Pearce, P., Fairhall, S., Muggleton, N., Smith, J.

    This report provides a brief overview of aspects of training nonhuman primates who have been, and continue to be, used in this laboratory. The research context involves applied behavioral studies in which animals are trained to perform complex operant behavioral sequences, often in their homecage...

  17. Working with rather than against macaques during blood collection. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    Training macaques to cooperate during blood collection is a practicable and safe alternative to the traditional procedure implying forced restraint. It takes a cumulative total of about 1 hr to train an adult female or adult male rhesus macaque successfully to present a leg voluntarily and accept...

  18. Inside behavior: puppy socialization: more than just exposure

    Contributor(s):: Martin, D., Martin, K. M.

    This article discusses the importance and benefits of socialization of puppies to prevent future behaviour problems and as additional income for veterinary hospitals that offer puppy socialization classes.

  19. Puppy socialisation programs: short and long term behavioural effects

    Contributor(s):: Seksel, K., Mazurski, E. J., Taylor, A.

    58 purebred and 10 crossbreed puppies were randomly allocated to one of 5 groups: Socialization plus Training (ST, 12 puppies), Socialization (10), Training (13), Feeding (12) and Control (11 puppies). The ST group received a full training programme which included both operant training for...

  20. Puppy socialization classes

    Contributor(s):: Seksel, K.