Human-Animal Interaction and the Emergence of SARS-CoV-2
Contributor(s):: Hassani, A., Khan, G.
Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia
Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme
Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...
Sero-epidemiological and haematological studies on toxoplasmosis in cats,dogs and their owners in Lahore, Pakistan
Contributor(s):: Azeem Shahzad, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Avais, Khalid Pervez, Jawaria Ali Khan
The current study was conducted to find out the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in cats, dogs and human population in Lahore city of Pakistan and to determine the possibility of transmission of toxoplasmosis from cats and dogs to their owners. Overall 56% cats were seropositive for...
A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options
Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.
Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...
The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population
Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.
Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...
Observations on the mechanism of the transmission of plague by fleas.
Contributor(s):: Arthur William Bacot, Sir Charles James Martin
THE literature on the transmission of plague by fleas was reviewed in 1905 in the first series of Reports on Plague Investigation in India (Journal of Hygiene, Vol. VI. p. 422), and it is only necessary to epitomise briefly the main facts here. The conclusion, that this insect...
Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.
Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...
Swedish cat shelters: a descriptive survey of husbandry practices, routines and management
Contributor(s):: Hirsch, E. N., Andersson, M., Loberg, J.
Animal shelters rescue and care for society's unwanted companion animals. Nonetheless, several studies have shown that ending up in a shelter can be stressful, and that shelter husbandry can amplify and spread certain diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
Living with Cat and Dog Increases Vaginal Colonization with E. coli in pregnant Women
| Contributor(s):: J. Stockholm, S. Schojørring, L. Pedersen, A.L. Bischoff, N. Følsgaard, C.G. Carson, B. Chawes, K. Bønnelykke, A. Mølgaard, K.A. Krogfelt, H. Bisgaard
Background Furred pets in the household are known reservoirs for pathogenic bacteria, but it is not known if transmission of bacteria between pet and owner leads to significantly increased rate of infections. We studied whether cats and dogs living in the household of pregnant women affect the...
The Characteristics of Wild Rat (Rattus spp.) Populations from an Inner-City Neighborhood with a Focus on Factors Critical to the Understanding of Rat-Associated Zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: Chelsea G. Himsworth, Claire M. Jardine, Kirbee L. Parsons, Alice Y.T. Feng, David M. Patrick
Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) are among the most ubiquitous urban wildlife species and are the source of a number of zoonotic diseases responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world. Rodent ecology is a primary determinant of the...
Zoonoses: Animal to human diseases
| Contributor(s):: E. Fevre, D. Grace
This resource is a media briefing regarding the control of zoonotic diseases, the Bird Flu outbreak in China, and the connection between urban agriculture and human health.
H7N9 ia a virus worth worrying about
| Contributor(s):: P. Horby, A.J. Tatem, Z. Huang, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, F.G. Hayden, N. van Vinh Chau, N. Shindo, G. Carson, Z. Gao, Y. Hongjie, S.I. Hay, J. Farrar
Once again an animal influenza A virus has crossed the species barrier to cause an appreciable number of human cases. Now, two months after the first known human infections with the H7N9 virus, the question is: which of the paths set by previous emerging influenza viruses will it follow? One...
Zoonotic Disease in Ohio: Surveillance, Preparation, and Response
| Contributor(s):: Erik B. Balster
This paper examines the state of public health preparation and response capacity to zoonotic infectious disease in the state of Ohio. A comprehensive literature review of zoonotic disease emergence and re-emergence, the National Veterinary Stockpile (NVS), the One Health Initiative, emergency...
Surveillance and Reporting of Zoonotic Diseases: Perception of Partnership and Communication Between and Among State Animal Health Officials and State Public Health Veterinarians
| Contributor(s):: Kimberly L. Mcdonald, Steven G. Little, Angeleque Akin-Little
The transmission of zoonotic diseases from wild and domestic animals to human beings is considered a global public health threat. Developing guidelines to establish communication between and among animal health and health public agencies is paramount. Constant monitoring of the exchange of...
Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009
| Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.
The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis
| Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in resident animals of a long-term care facility
| Contributor(s):: Coughlan, K., Olsen, K. E., Boxrud, D., Bender, J. B.
Animals provide benefits to elderly and chronically ill people by decreasing loneliness, increasing social interactions, and improving mental health. As a result, many hospitals and long-term care facilities allow family pets to visit ill or convalescing patients or support animal-assisted...
Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?
| Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.
Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...
All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.
Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...