Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
| Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean
Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...
GI Zoonoses in Companion Pets of the Homeless : the Effects of Environment and Behavior on the Prevalence of GI Parasites, and the Role of Veterinarians in Public Health Education
| Contributor(s):: Matthew Edwards, Luis Ruedas (adviser)
Veterinarians are the front-line in the world of pet-health and zoonoses which means they are also at the front-line of human health and have an important role of educating clients on behaviors that would both reduce the risk of human and pet contracting a disease. In this study we collected 85...
Sero-epidemiological and haematological studies on toxoplasmosis in cats,dogs and their owners in Lahore, Pakistan
| Contributor(s):: Azeem Shahzad, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Avais, Khalid Pervez, Jawaria Ali Khan
The current study was conducted to find out the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in cats, dogs and human population in Lahore city of Pakistan and to determine the possibility of transmission of toxoplasmosis from cats and dogs to their owners. Overall 56% cats were seropositive for...
An Investigation of the Relationship of Wound Infection and Exposure to Household Pets: A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Rhodora Neu
Statement of Problem In most industrialized countries, pets are becoming a big part in households engaging and sharing human lifestyles. In fact, it is estimated that 14%-62% of pet owners allow their dogs and cats on their beds. However, pets can also carry and transmit pathogens to people...
Warm-Blooded Animal Bites
| Contributor(s):: R.a. Dieter Jr., Robert S. Dieter, R.a. Dieter Iii, D.L. Dieter
Background: Domestic animals are the major cause of warm-blooded animal bites around the world. The dog, the cat and human bites are the most common animal bites creating major medical and health care concerns requiring medical treatment. Transmitted zoonotic diseases...
A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options
| Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.
Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...
A trained demonstrator has a calming effect on naive horses when crossing a novel surface
| Contributor(s):: Rorvang, M. V., Ahrendt, L. P., Christensen, J. W.
Habituated horses have been found to have a calming effect on conspecifics in fear-eliciting situations. In practice, experienced horses are often used as companions when young horses are introduced to potentially frightening situations, like loading onto a trailer. However, studies of social...
The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population
| Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.
Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...
Stereotypic mice are aggressed by their cage-mates, and tend to be poor demonstrators in social learning tasks
| Contributor(s):: Harper, L., Choleris, E., Ervin, K., Fureix, C., Reynolds, K., Walker, M., Mason, G.
Stereotypic behaviours (SBs) are linked with behavioural inflexibility and resemble symptoms of autism, suggesting that stereotypic animals could have autistic-like social impairments. SBs are also common in caged mice. We therefore hypothesised relationships between stereotypic and social...
Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.
Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...
Swedish cat shelters: a descriptive survey of husbandry practices, routines and management
| Contributor(s):: Hirsch, E. N., Andersson, M., Loberg, J.
Animal shelters rescue and care for society's unwanted companion animals. Nonetheless, several studies have shown that ending up in a shelter can be stressful, and that shelter husbandry can amplify and spread certain diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe...
Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention
| Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane
Zoonotic Transmission of Influenza H9 subtype through Reassortment
| Contributor(s):: James Brian Kimble
Influenza A virus causes disease across a broad host range including avian and mammalian species. Most influenza viruses are found in wild aquatic birds, are of low consequence and refrain from zoonotic transmission. However, some strains occasionally cross the species barrier, into domestic...
Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009
| Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.
The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis
| Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.
Transmission of MRSA between companion animals and infected human patients presenting to outpatient medical care facilities
| Contributor(s):: Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Kevin L. Anderson, Maria T. Correa, Roberta Lyman, Felicia Ruffin, L. Barth Reller, Vance G. Fowler Jr.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a significant pathogen in both human and veterinary medicine. The importance of companion animals as reservoirs of human infections is currently unknown. The companion animals of 49 MRSA-infected outpatients (cases) were screened for MRSA...
Complications during shechita and halal slaughter without stunning in cattle
| Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G., Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Fielding, H. R., Gibson, T. J., Mirabito, L., Kolesar, R.
Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring
| Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Everts, H., Dam Van, Tien, Schonewille, J. T., Hendriks, W. H.
We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in...
Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs
| Contributor(s):: Colditz, I. G., Paull, D. R., Lee, C.
In social species like sheep, social context can modify both physiological and behavioural responses to stressors and normal behavioural patterns. Presence of conspecifics can ameliorate responses to noxious stimuli, an effect termed social buffering, whereas the presence of a distressed...
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in resident animals of a long-term care facility
| Contributor(s):: Coughlan, K., Olsen, K. E., Boxrud, D., Bender, J. B.
Animals provide benefits to elderly and chronically ill people by decreasing loneliness, increasing social interactions, and improving mental health. As a result, many hospitals and long-term care facilities allow family pets to visit ill or convalescing patients or support animal-assisted...