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  1. Human-Animal Interaction and the Emergence of SARS-CoV-2

    Contributor(s):: Hassani, A., Khan, G.

  2. GI Zoonoses in Companion Pets of the Homeless : the Effects of Environment and Behavior on the Prevalence of GI Parasites, and the Role of Veterinarians in Public Health Education

    Contributor(s):: Matthew Edwards, Luis Ruedas (adviser)

    Veterinarians are the front-line in the world of pet-health and zoonoses which means they are also at the front-line of human health and have an important role of educating clients on behaviors that would both reduce the risk of human and pet contracting a disease. In this study we collected 85...

  3. Zoonotic transmission of Campylobacter jejuni and Atypical Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (aEPEC) in peri-urban Quito, Ecuador

    Contributor(s):: Karla Vasco, Gabriel Trueba

    Los patógenos zoonóticos son comunes en países de medianos y bajos recursos como el Ecuador. En el presente estudio se investigó la presencia de varios enteropatógenos zoonóticos en 267 muestras de heces de niños y animales domésticos de 62...

  4. A systematic review of zoonoses transmission and livestock/wildlife interactions: Preliminary findings

    Contributor(s):: Delia Grace, R. Kock, J. Rushton, F. Mutua, J.J. McDermott, D.U. Pfeiffer, B. Jones

    Around 60% of all human pathogens are zoonoses and domestic animals and wildlife are of equal importance as reservoir hosts. Moreover, most emerging infectious diseases are zoonoses and most emerge from wildlife. There have been several recent initiatives to categorize zoonoses and their...

  5. Warm-Blooded Animal Bites

    Contributor(s):: R.a. Dieter Jr., Robert S. Dieter, R.a. Dieter Iii, D.L. Dieter

    Background: Domestic animals are the major cause of warm-blooded  animal bites around the world. The dog, the cat and human bites are the  most common animal bites creating major medical and health care  concerns requiring medical treatment. Transmitted zoonotic diseases...

  6. Knowledge and attitude towards zoonoses among animal health workers and livestock keepers in Arusha and Tanga, Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Emanuel S. Swai, Luuk Schoonman, Chris Daborn

    Zoonoses are infections naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans. An exploratory questionnaire-based survey of animal health workers(n=36) and livestock keepers(n=43)was carried out from April 2001 to March 2002 in Tanga and Arusha regions, northern Tanzania, to assess local...

  7. Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.

    Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...

  8. Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention

    Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane

  9. Zoonotic Transmission of Influenza H9 subtype through Reassortment

    Contributor(s):: James Brian Kimble

    Influenza A virus causes disease across a broad host range including avian and mammalian species. Most influenza viruses are found in wild aquatic birds, are of low consequence and refrain from zoonotic transmission. However, some strains occasionally cross the species barrier, into domestic...

  10. Protozoan Diseases of Livestock in Arunachal Pradesh - An Overview

    Contributor(s):: T. Tayo, N. Longjam, B. Perme

    The people (Tribes) of Arunachal Pradesh have the natural tendency to remain close contact with animals since immortal. The domestic animals are kept in basement of the house with human occupants in the first floor of same house. They remain in close contact with cattle, sheep, goat, pigs,...

  11. Living with Cat and Dog Increases Vaginal Colonization with E. coli in pregnant Women

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. Stockholm, S. Schojørring, L. Pedersen, A.L. Bischoff, N. Følsgaard, C.G. Carson, B. Chawes, K. Bønnelykke, A. Mølgaard, K.A. Krogfelt, H. Bisgaard

    Background Furred pets in the household are known reservoirs for pathogenic bacteria, but it is not known if transmission of bacteria between pet and owner leads to significantly increased rate of infections. We studied whether cats and dogs living in the household of pregnant women affect the...

  12. Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A Systematic Review of Seldom-Documented Human Biological Threats to Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Ali M. Messenger, Amber N. Barnes, Gregory C. Gray

    Background Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,...

  13. The Characteristics of Wild Rat (Rattus spp.) Populations from an Inner-City Neighborhood with a Focus on Factors Critical to the Understanding of Rat-Associated Zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: Chelsea G. Himsworth, Claire M. Jardine, Kirbee L. Parsons, Alice Y.T. Feng, David M. Patrick

    Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) are among the most ubiquitous urban wildlife species and are the source of a number of zoonotic diseases responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world. Rodent ecology is a primary determinant of the...

  14. Zoonoses: Animal to human diseases

    | Contributor(s):: E. Fevre, D. Grace

    This resource is a media briefing regarding the control of zoonotic diseases, the Bird Flu outbreak in China, and the connection between urban agriculture and human health.

  15. Mapping of poverty and likely zoonoses hotspots

    | Contributor(s):: D. Grace, F. Mutua, P. Ochungo, R. Kruska, K. Jones, L. Brierley, L. Lapar, M. Said, M. Herrero, P.M. Phuc, N.B. Thao, I. Akuku, F. Ogutu

    The objective of this report is to present data and expert knowledge on poverty and zoonoses hotspots to inform prioritisation of study areas on the transmission of disease in emerging livestock systems in the developing world, where prevention of zoonotic disease might bring greatest benefit to...

  16. The dynamics of livestock ownership, asset ownership and human health in rural households and the role of animal based product consumption: a cross sectional study in Western Province Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: C.N. Okell, J. Rushton, W.A. Glanville, E.M. Fevre

    This resource discusses the different aspects of livestock ownership.

  17. The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.

  18. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in resident animals of a long-term care facility

    | Contributor(s):: Coughlan, K., Olsen, K. E., Boxrud, D., Bender, J. B.

    Animals provide benefits to elderly and chronically ill people by decreasing loneliness, increasing social interactions, and improving mental health. As a result, many hospitals and long-term care facilities allow family pets to visit ill or convalescing patients or support animal-assisted...

  19. Zoonotic disease concerns in animal-assisted therapy and animal visitation programs

    | Contributor(s):: David Waltner-Toews

    A survey was done of 150 systematically selected United States animal care agencies and 74 Canadian humane societies to determine the prevalence of animal assisted therapy (AAT) programs; concerns about, and experience with, zoonotic diseases; and precautions taken to prevent zoonotic disease...

  20. Wildlife diseases and human health

    | Contributor(s):: Keith A. Clark

    Zoonoses (singular, zoonosis) are diseases transmissible from animals to man. There are over 200 such diseases; many are harbored by wildlife reservoirs. A reservoir may be defined as a source which maintains the presence of a disease in an ecosystem. Wildlife-associated "zoonoses found in Texas...