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  1. Interdisciplinary research to advance animal welfare science: an introduction

    Contributor(s):: Camerlink, I.

  2. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  3. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  4. Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens

    | Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.

    Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...

  5. Cuttlefish in captivity: an investigation into housing and husbandry for improving welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Tonkins, B. M., Tyers, A. M., Cooke, G. M.

    The European cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis) is often kept in public aquaria, is becoming more common in aquaculture, and is also the most frequently used cephalopod in European research. Since 1st January 2013, all cephalopods ( Mollusca) have been protected under UK/EU law (A(SP)A 1986,...

  6. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    | Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  7. Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats

    | Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...

  8. Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.

    Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...

  9. Admissions of cats to animal welfare shelters in Melbourne, Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.

    Although the number of companion animal (pet) cats (Felis catus) in Australia is decreasing, there has not been a corresponding reduction in feline admissions to nonhuman animal welfare shelters. This study tracked 15,206 cat admissions to 1 large Melbourne shelter over a 12-month period. Data...

  10. Can aggression in dogs be elicited through the use of electronic pet containment systems?

    | Contributor(s):: Polsky, R.

    Five cases are described that involve severe attacks on humans by dogs who were being trained or maintained on an electronic pet containment system. The system is designed to boundary train a dog through the use of electric shock in an escape-avoidance conditioning paradigm. Data were collected...

  11. Does horse temperament influence horse-rider cooperation? (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    | Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Blokhuis, M. Z., Morgan, E. K. M., Hassmen, P., Rundgren, T. M. M., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Cooperation between rider and horse is of major importance in equitation. A balanced team of horse and rider improves (sport) performances and welfare aspects by decreasing stress, frustration, risks of injuries, and accidents. Important features affecting the cooperation are the physical skills,...

  12. Rat's demand for group size

    | Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. P., Hunt, M., Harper, D.

    Social isolation compromises the welfare of rats. However, it is not clear how many rats should be housed together under laboratory conditions. Pair housing, sometimes recommended over group housing, may help avoid aggression and disease transmission. Female rats, however, showed the highest...

  13. Traumatic stress disorder observed in an adult wild captive wolf ( Canis lupus )

    | Contributor(s):: Mallonee, J. S., Joslin, P.

    Tenino was an adult female wolf, born in the wild and placed into captivity at 1 year of age because of her participation in livestock depredation. Her method of capture, well documented, involved being darted twice by helicopter and translocated twice. This method of capture would have exposed...

  14. Using fecal hormonal and behavioral analyses to evaluate the introduction of two sable antelope at Lincoln Park Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Loeding, E., Thomas, J., Bernier, D., Santymire, R.

    Introductions of sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) can be difficult due to the potential ensuing aggression compounded by their large horns. The goal was to use hormonal assays and behavioral analyses to evaluate the success of an introduction of 2 adult females at Lincoln Park Zoo. The...

  15. Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?

    | Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.

    Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...

  16. Equine on-farm welfare assessment: a review of animal-based indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Murray, L., Dai, F., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The adaptability of horses and donkeys to different types of activity has seen the European equine industry become an important economic sector, giving rise to increasing concern regarding equine welfare. As part of the AWIN (Animal Welfare Indicators) project, this review focuses on scientific...

  17. Welfare and environmental implications of farmed sea turtles

    | Contributor(s):: Arena, P. C., Warwick, C., Steedman, C.

    Various captivity-related health problems have been described as arising in the farming of sea turtles at the Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF). Our study included a desktop review of turtle farming, direct onsite inspection at the CTF, assessment of visual materials and reports provided by investigators...

  18. Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009

    | Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.

  19. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  20. Non-accidental injuries found in necropsies of domestic cats: a review of 191 cases

    | Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Landi, M. F. de A., Marlet, E. F., Maiorka, P. C.