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  1. The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gerdien Schenk, Hanne M. Duindam, Hanneke E. Creemers, Machteld Hoeve, Geert Jan J. M. Stams, Jessica J. Asscher

    Background Many former inmates recidivate, resulting in high costs for societies worldwide. Evidence based treatment practices may not work in prisons, due to detainees’ lacking motivation, impaired well-being, and an unsafe group environment. One attempt to improve social group climate...

  2. Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp

    Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...

  3. Say "Neigh" to Abuse: On the Treatment of Horses and Mules in the Civil War

    | Contributor(s):: Anika N. Jensen

    The stuffed head of Old Baldy, General George Meade’s favorite horse, can be found mounted on the wall of the Grand Army of the Republic Museum in Philadelphia. General Robert E. Lee’s horse, Traveler, received gifts and international adoration even after the war’s end, and...

  4. The effects of pets on schizophrenics in a day treatment program

    | Contributor(s):: Carol Lynne Eyster

    In an effort to record the therapeutic effects of animals, three rabbits were introduced into a group therapy setting. Eight subjects (two female, six male) having the diagnosis of schizophrenia, chronic type and participating in a day treatment program were observed by four trained observers....

  5. An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.

    Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...

  6. Provision of service dogs for people with mobility disabilities

    | Contributor(s):: Miura, A., Tanida, H., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    The authors' note that "the purpose of the present survey was to investigate the current status of the provision of service dogs, and compare this with the provision of guide dogs for the blind."

  7. Clinical endocrinology of companion animals- a review

    | Contributor(s):: Wendy Parker

    The purpose of this book, as stated by the authors, is to provide a text for both students and practitioners that discusses the current knowledge of endocrine diseases of companion animals. One might wonder about the use of the word "companion" rather than "small" animals as is usually the case,...

  8. Prudent use of antibiotics in companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine Irwin, David R. Smith, Grasso M. Ebako, Steve Ensley, Dicky D. Griffin, Arden Wohlers

    Antibiotics are used to improve animal health and performance. You, as the animal owner or caregiver, make important decisions about how antibiotics are finally used in companion animals. Antibiotics should be used prudently to ensure they are effective and will continue to benefit man and...

  9. Comparison of susceptibility to antimicrobials of bacterial isolates from companion animals in a veterinary diagnostic laboratory in Canada between 2 time points 10 years apart

    | Contributor(s):: Simon Authier, Dominique Paquette, Olivia Labrecque, Serge Messier

    The susceptibility to antimicrobials of bacterial species most frequently isolated from companion animals in a veterinary teaching diagnostic laboratory was evaluated retrospectively. A significant decrease between 1990–1992 and 2002–2003 was noted in the susceptibility of dog isolates to the...

  10. Human and animal health: strengthening the link

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Antonioli, Michael Reveley

    Authors' reply to methodological concerns. The aim of our study was to begin to establish an evidence base for animal assisted therapy in depression.

  11. Canine fears and phobias; a regime for treatment without recourse to drugs

    | Contributor(s):: Rogerson, J.

    From a study of 247 (102 male dogs and 145 bitches) case histories presenting varying degrees of fear and phobia, both generalised and specific, it has been possible to define standard patterns of behaviour. This was done on the basis of severity of the fear, the type of fear response displayed...

  12. Intercat aggression: a retrospective study examining types of aggression, sexes of fighting pairs, and effectiveness of treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Lindell, E. M., Erb, H. N., Houpt, K. A.

    48 cases of intercat aggression, presented to the Animal Behaviour Clinic at New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University between 1988 and 1994, were examined retrospectively. Clients were contacted by telephone so that the outcome of the treatment programme could be...

  13. The treatment of phobias in the dog

    | Contributor(s):: Walker, R., Fisher, J., Neville, P.

    Since 1992 the authors have been compiling a casebook of detailed histories of canine phobia. As the work progressed modifications were made to the diagnostic criteria of anxiety in the dog. A combination of phenobarbitone with propranolol was used with perceived success supported by anecdotal...

  14. Treating canine and feline behaviour problems and advising clients

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C.

    In this introductory paper, pet behaviour counselling and therapy is considered. A case is made for cooperation between veterinarians and trained pet behaviour advisors and for qualification of professionals working in the field. The general causes of behaviour problems, as well as general...

  15. Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial

    | Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.

    The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...

  16. Canine dominance-associated aggression: concepts, incidence, and treatment in a private behavior practice

    | Contributor(s):: Cameron, D. B.

    A review of 35 dominance-associated aggression (DA) cases presented to a small, private, behaviour-only veterinary practice revealed that attention addiction was the most commonly associated (66

  17. Comparison of the effectiveness of a purported anti-static cape (the Storm DefenderReg.) vs. a placebo cape in the treatment of canine thunderstorm phobia as assessed by owners' reports

    | Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H.

    Canine thunderstorm phobia is considered a noise phobia, however, it has been theorized that pain associated with discharge of accrued static electricity could contribute to this malady. This project aimed to determine if a purported anti-static cape (the Storm DefenderReg.) and a non-anti-static...

  18. Urine spraying in cats: presence of concurrent disease and effects of a pheromone treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Frank, D. F., Erb, H. N., Houpt, K. A.

    34 spraying cats, belonging to 24 households, had a complete physical examination, complete blood count (CBC), blood biochemistry panel, urinalysis, urine culture, urine cortisol:creatinine analysis and abdominal radiographs. Diagnostic procedures revealed some abnormalities and/or crystalluria...

  19. All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.

    Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...

  20. Controlled trial of behavioural therapy for separation-related disorders in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Blackwell, E., Casey, R. A., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    A generic programme of behavioural modification for the clinical treatment of separation-related behaviours in dogs was assessed in a controlled replicated trial. After 12 weeks of treatment, 56 per cent of the owners of the treated dogs reported significant improvements in their dogs' behaviour,...