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  1. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  2. Toileting troubles part 1: factors influencing house soiling in cats and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Tomlinson, C.

    The discovery of faeces and urine in the home is a common annoyance for owners of cats and dogs and is often perceived, incorrectly, as an inevitable part of pet ownership. Lack of early intervention can lead to long-term house soiling; this can be exasperating and put strain on the human-animal...

  3. Experimental verification of the effects on normal domestic cats by feeding prescription diet for decreasing stress

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kato, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet on the feline stress response by measuring plasma and urinary cortisol. A study diet was developed with a unique combination of nutrients that supports the management of stressful situations. The specific formulation of the diet...

  4. Rooting area and drinker affect dunging behaviour of organic pigs

    Contributor(s):: Vermeer, H. M., Altena, H., Vereijken, P. F. G., Bracke, M. B. M.

    Hygiene is a common problem on outdoor runs of growing organic pigs. Manure and urine are mainly excreted outdoors and tend to spread all over the run. Reducing the soiled surface area may be beneficial to animal welfare, hygiene, ammonia emissions and labour, not only in organic but also in...

  5. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  6. Effects of training on stress-related behavior of the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ) in relation to coping with routine husbandry procedures. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., McKinley, J., Smith, T. E.

    Using positive reinforcement, 12 common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were trained to provide urine samples on request. The marmosets were exposed to mildly stressful, routine husbandry procedures (i.e., capture and weighing). The non-human animals spent less time inactive poststressor as...

  7. Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid

    Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.

    This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...

  8. There's a rat in my room! Now what? Mice show no chronic physiological response to the presence of rats

    Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Loo, P. L. P. van, Baumans, V.

    In general, guidelines on housing and care of animals in the laboratory state that rats and mice should not be housed in the same room. Mice may perceive rats as predators. Although one theory says this can cause stress, there is little scientific evidence to support this theory. In the wild,...

  9. Urinary corticosterone levels in mice in response to intraperitoneal injections with saline

    Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Lemmens, A. G., Zutphen, B. F. M. van, Baumans, V.

    The concept of refinement is an important issue in the field of laboratory animal science. Refinement-based research aims to improve animal welfare, to increase the reliability of experimental outcome, and to diminish variation. In search of refinement of experimental techniques, this study...

  10. Use of accelerometers to measure stress levels in shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jones, S., Dowling-Guyer, S., Patronek, G. J., Marder, A. R., D'Arpino, S. S., McCobb, E.

    Stress can compromise welfare in any confined group of nonhuman animals, including those in shelters. However, an objective and practical method for assessing the stress levels of individual dogs housed in a shelter does not exist. Such a method would be useful for monitoring animal welfare and...

  11. Development of a novel paradigm for the measurement of olfactory discrimination in dogs ( Canis familiaris): a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGrath, C., McGreevy, P. D., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Olfactory dysfunction in older human beings has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, yet age-related changes in olfactory behavior have received little attention in the dog model of human aging. We developed an odor habituation and fine odor discrimination...

  12. Litterbox size preference in domestic cats ( Felis catus)

    Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Hopson, M., Vanderstichel, R.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of healthy housebound domestic cats to the simultaneous provision of 2 litterboxes of differing sizes by recording the average daily frequency of urination and defecation in each box. Forty-three households with 74 privately owned cats were...

  13. Human-animal interactions and animal welfare in conventionally and pen-housed rats

    Contributor(s):: Augustsson, H., Lindberg, L., Hoglund, A. U., Dahlborn, K.

    The main aim of the present study was to explore the significance of large group/greater pen housing (PH) versus standard Makrolon caging (ST) in three behaviour tests related to human-animal interactions in the adult male laboratory rat. The rats' perception of human interaction was tested in...

  14. Influence of cage enrichment on aggressive behaviour and physiological parameters in male mice

    Contributor(s):: Loo, P. L. P. van, Kruitwagen, C. L. J. J., Koolhaas, J. M., Weerd, H. A. van de, Zutphen, L. F. M. van, Baumans, V.

    From welfare perspective group, housing of mice is preferred over individual housing. Group housing of male laboratory mice, however, often leads to problems due to excessive aggressive behaviour. In our search for management and housing modifications to decrease aggression in group-housed male...

  15. Preliminary study of the development of the Flehmen response in Equus caballus

    Contributor(s):: Weeks, J. W., Crowell-Davis, S. L., Heusner, G.

    The flehmen response is commonly seen in most ungulates as well as in several other species (e.g. felids). The behaviour is most often thought to be part of the sexual behavioural repertoire of males. One reigning hypothesis suggests that this behaviour allows the male to determine the oestrous...

  16. Urinary behavior of female domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris ): influence of reproductive status, location, and age

    Contributor(s):: Wirant, S. C., McGuire, B.

    The urinary behaviour of adult domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) is sexually dimorphic with respect to the posture (males lift a leg and females squat), frequency of urination (males urinate more frequently than females), and tendency to direct urine at specific objects in the environment (males...

  17. Urine marking by free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to sex, season, place and posture

    Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.

    Carnivores use various scent-marking methods. Observations on the scent marking by urination of 16 free-ranging dogs from two neighbouring groups were recorded in the town of Katwa, West Bengal, India. The frequency of urine marking was higher in males than in females. The seasonal mean...

  18. Diurnal distribution of dairy cow defecation and urination

    Contributor(s):: Aland, A., Lidfors, L., Ekesbo, I.

    This study investigated the diurnal distribution of urination and defaecation in tied dairy cows with reference to management routines and milk yield/feeding intensity. A total of 16 lactating cows and 4 heifers were videotaped during 9 consecutive 24-h periods. The cows had a mean of 16.1...

  19. Evidence that zoo visitors influence HPA activity in spider monkeys ( Ateles geoffroyii rufiventris ). (Special issue: Primates in zoos)

    Contributor(s):: Davis, N., Schaffner, C. M., Smith, T. E.

    There has been conflicting evidence about the impact of visitors on zoo animals. The present study was designed to increase understanding of visitor effect by assessing the relationship between visitor numbers and activity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. An enzyme-immunoassay...

  20. Feline urine spraying

    Contributor(s):: Dehasse, J.

    10% of all cats spray in adulthood. The sequence of urine spraying and its triggering stimuli were analysed and its pharmacological treatment is summarized. Clomipramine (AnafranilReg.) was tested on 26 cats (5 mg once a day). The results showed clomipramine is responsible for a reduction of...