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  1. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  2. Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals

    Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.

    Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand the...

  3. Empathy towards animals and belief in animal-human-continuity in Italian veterinary students

    Contributor(s):: Colombo, E. S., Pelosi, A., Prato-Previde, E.

    Empathy towards animals and beliefs in animal-human continuity appear to play an important role in shaping the human-animal relationship and in determining the way animals are treated and cared for. Veterinary medicine plays a central role in animal welfare and has been recognised as a highly...

  4. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  5. Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.

    Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...

  6. Quantification of activity in domestic cats ( Felis catus) by accelerometry

    Contributor(s):: Andrews, C. J., Potter, M. A., Thomas, D. G.

    Accelerometers (Actical 'Mini Mitter' (MMA)) have been used to assess the activity of domestic cats ( Felis catus), and have been validated against measures of observed activity in this species; however, previous validation trials have had very small sample sizes and have not considered...

  7. Evidence for litter differences in play behaviour in pre-weaned pigs

    Contributor(s):: Brown, S. M., Klaffenbock, M., Nevison, I. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    The aim of this study was to analyse spontaneous play behaviour in litters of domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa) for sources of variation at individual and litter levels and to relate variation in play to measures of pre and postnatal development. Seven litters of commercially bred piglets ( n=70) were...

  8. Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.

    Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...

  9. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  10. Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)

    Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.

    Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...

  11. Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.

    The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...

  12. Identifying environmental and management factors that may be associated with the quality of life of kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Kiddie, J., Collins, L.

    This paper describes the use of a validated quality of life assessment tool (described elsewhere) to identify environmental and management factors that may affect quality of life in dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Dogs were allocated to one of the four treatment groups, all of which had a...

  13. Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective

    Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.

    Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...

  14. Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study

    Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.

    Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...

  15. Relationships between pig welfare, productivity and farmer disposition

    Contributor(s):: Jaaskelainen, T., Kauppinen, T., Vesala, K. M., Valros, A.

    The aim of this study was, firstly, to investigate the connection between on-farm assessed welfare scores and production parameters for sows, and secondly, to examine how farmers perceive the connection between their disposition, animal welfare and productivity. We assessed environmental and...

  16. Sociality motivation and anthropomorphic thinking about pets

    Contributor(s):: Paul, E. S., Moore, A., McAinsh, P., Symonds, E., McCune, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    Sociality motivation, the need to feel socially connected with others, has been proposed as an important determinant of individual variation in anthropomorphic thinking. Specifically, it has been suggested that people who are socially isolated or disconnected will tend to infer more human-like...

  17. Is that dog a pit bull? A cross-country comparison of perceptions of shelter workers regarding breed identification

    Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L., Harrison, N., Wolff, L., Westgarth, C.

    Bull breeds are commonly kept as companion animals, but the pit bull terrier is restricted by breed-specific legislation (BSL) in parts of the United States and throughout the United Kingdom. Shelter workers must decide which breed(s) a dog is. This decision may influence the dog's fate,...

  18. Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders

    Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

    Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...

  19. Barking in home alone suburban dogs ( Canis familiaris) in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Flint, E. L., Minot, E. O., Stevenson, M., Perry, P. E., Stafford, K. J.

    The aim of this study was to establish expected average parameters for barking in normal suburban dogs in New Zealand (defined as dogs with no history of problem or nuisance barking) that are left alone for 8 hours during the day, with indoor/outdoor access, and are walked daily. Parameters...

  20. The effect of breed on age-related changes in behavior and disease prevalence in cognitively normal older community dogs, Canis lupus familiaris

    Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGreevy, P. D., Sachdev, P. S., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Variation in breed longevity in the dog has led to the inference that large dogs age at a faster rate than small dogs, possibly because of an increased oxidative load. Potential differences in behavioral aging (the rate of age-related decline in cognito-behavioral performance) across breeds...